List of Major Crops and Producing States in India, Download PDF

By PARUL RISHI|Updated : September 27th, 2022

Crops in India Statewise: Agriculture is the major factor on which the livelihood of the nation depends and it also contributes significantly to the GDP of the nation. Hence, you must have noticed that every competitive exam includes at least 2 to 3 questions on chief crops and their producing states. So here is a list of the most important Crops in India Statewise along with its PDF. This article will be useful for the candidates who are preparing for the upcoming SSC CGL 2022 or any other SSC & Railways Exams 2022.

Table of Content

What are Crops?

Before we jump on to the types of crops and their producing states in India, you need to understand what crops mean. "Crops are plants or plant substances that are planted and harvested for the use of humans and well-being of living things on the earth."

Types of Crops in India

India is known for its crop production as it cultivates crops in three seasons and these are as follows:

Kharif Crops

The Kharif crops are grown in India from June to September, which is the monsoon season. These crops, such bajra, ragi, groundnut, cotton, etc., are also referred to as monsoon crops. Crops are planted in June during the monsoon season and are harvested in September. Rice and maize are the main crops used in Kharif cuisine.

Rabi Crops

The Rabi crop is India's second type of crop. The Arabic word Rabi means spring. These crops can be grown from October through March. They are cultivated during the winter and harvested at the start of the spring. Wheat, gramme, mustard, peas, barley, etc. are a few examples. Rainfall has less of an impact on these crops because they require less water to grow.

Zaid Crops

In India, this is the third category of the crop. Plants grow throughout the Zaid season, which runs from March to June. Comparing this season to the Kharif and Rabi seasons, it is the shortest. As an illustration, consider cucumber, watermelon, pumpkin, and bitter gourd.

List of Major Crops & Producing States in India

Cereals

  • Wheat - Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh

  • Rice – West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh

  • Gram – Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu

  • Barley – Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan

  • Bajra – Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan

Cash Crops

  • Sugarcane - Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra

  • Poppy – Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh

Oil Seeds

  • Coconut – Kerala and Tamil Nadu

  • Linseed – Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana

  • Groundnut – Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu

  • Rape seed and mustard – Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana

  • Sesame – Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan

  • Sunflower – Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra

Fibre Crops

  • Cotton – Maharashtra, and Gujarat

  • Jute – West Bengal and Bihar

  • Silk – Karnataka, and Kerala

  • Hemp – Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh

Plantations

  • Coffee – Karnataka and Kerala

  • Rubber – Kerala and Karnataka

  • Tea – Assam and Kerala

  • Tobacco – Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh

Spices

  • Pepper – Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu

  • Cashewnuts – Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh

  • Ginger – Kerala and Uttar Pradesh

  • Turmeric – Andhra Pradesh and Odisha

28 States and their Crops

The major crops of 28 States are as follows, Candidates can go through the table given below to access the proper information on major crops across different states of India.

States

Crops

West Bengal

Foodgrains ie mainly rice

Mango, Litchi, Pineapple, Guava, and Orange

Punjab 

Fruits and vegetables

Gujarat 

Cotton, groundnut, castor, bajra, tur, green gram, sesamum, paddy, maize, and sugarcane

Haryana ( cattle farming)

Sugarcane, paddy, wheat, and sunflower

Uttar Pradesh ( top forming state)

Foodgrains and sugarcane

Madhya Pradesh

Wheat and maize, pulses like urad, soyabean

Assam

Tea

Andhra Pradesh

Mainly rice, jowar, bajra, maize, ragi, tobacco, legumes, sugarcane, and other crops

Karnataka

Rice, maize, moong dal, red chile, sugarcane, peanuts, soybean, turmeric, and cotton are the Kharif crops o. Mustard, sesamum, barley, wheat, and peas are the rabi crops

Chhattisgarh ( rice bowl of India)

Mainly rice

Lime, Cashew-nut, Guava, Cheku, Mango, and other fruit crops.Cucurbits, cabbage, beans, cauliflower, and other vegetable crops.Ginger, turmeric, methi, coriander, chilli, garlic, and other spices.

28 State Crops List: Crop Production State Wise India

Two major producer states of the major crops across the India are tabulated below. This table important first hand information on the major crop production across various states in India.

Name of the crops


Crop Production State Wise India

Position 1

Position 2

Rice

West Bengal

Uttar Pradesh

wheat

Uttar Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh

Jowar

Maharashtra

Karnataka

Bajra

Rajasthan

Uttar Pradesh

Maize

Karnataka

Madhya Pradesh

Ragi

Karnataka

Tamil Nadu

Small millets

Uttarakhand

Madhya Pradesh

Barley

Rajasthan

Uttar Pradesh

Tur dal

Madhya Pradesh

Maharashtra

Gram

Madhya Pradesh

Karnataka

Urud

Madhya Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh

Moong

Rajasthan

Andhra Pradesh

Other pulses

Madhya Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh

Pulses

Madhya Pradesh

Rajasthan

Groundnut

Gujarat

Rajasthan

Castor seed

Gujarat

Rajasthan

Sesame

West Bengal

Madhya Pradesh

Sunflower

Karnataka

Haryana

Sugarcane

Uttar Pradesh

Maharashtra

Cotton

Gujarat

Maharashtra

Jute

West Bengal

Bihar

Tea

Assam

West Bengal

Coffee

Karnataka

Kerala

Tobacco

West Bengal

Bihar

Foodgrains

Uttar Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh

Crops in India Statewise PDF

Candidates can access the direct URL provided below to receive Major Crops in India Statewise PDF. For the applicants' information, we have included a list of all the states in India that produce the most crops.

> Major Crops in India Statewise PDF

Since you have all the information you needed to cover the topic 'crops in India state wise', you must begin your preparation without any further delay. You can also bookmark this page to cover this topic whenever you want to.

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FAQs

  • Chief Crops and their Producing States topic is important for SSC & Railways Exams 2022 as the weightage of this topic is high and questions are asked from this section in the several Government Exams 2022.

  • The List of Major Crops & Producing States in India is provided in this article where candidates can find all the relevant information regarding the major crops and their producers in India.

  • Yes, this article contains 28 States and their Crops list, Aspirants who are preparing for the upcoming SSC CGL 2022 and other Government Exams like SSC CHLS 2022, SSC MTS 2022 etc can go through this article for complete information.

  • Major Crops in India State-wise PDF is important as it is an important topic of static GK and the weightage of the questions from this section is high & having the Major Crops in India State-wise PDF will provide study material to the candidates which can be used for study and revision purposes.

  • On the basis of various seasons in India crops are divided into three basic categories i.e.,

    • Kharif Crops
    • Rabi Crops
    • Zaid Crops

    For complete information, candidates can refer to the article.

  • According to state-wise crop production the largest producers of wheat in India are:

    • Uttar Pradesh &
    • Madhya Pradesh

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