What are Crops?
Before we jump on to the types of crops and their producing states in India, you need to understand what crops mean. "Crops are plants or plant substances that are planted and harvested for the use of humans and well-being of living things on the earth."
Types of Crops in India
India is known for its crop production as it cultivates crops in three seasons and these are as follows:
The Kharif crops are grown in India from June to September, which is the monsoon season. These crops, such bajra, ragi, groundnut, cotton, etc., are also referred to as monsoon crops. Crops are planted in June during the monsoon season and are harvested in September. Rice and maize are the main crops used in Kharif cuisine.
The Rabi crop is India's second type of crop. The Arabic word Rabi means spring. These crops can be grown from October through March. They are cultivated during the winter and harvested at the start of the spring. Wheat, gramme, mustard, peas, barley, etc. are a few examples. Rainfall has less of an impact on these crops because they require less water to grow.
In India, this is the third category of the crop. Plants grow throughout the Zaid season, which runs from March to June. Comparing this season to the Kharif and Rabi seasons, it is the shortest. As an illustration, consider cucumber, watermelon, pumpkin, and bitter gourd.
List of Major Crops & Producing States in India
Wheat - Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh
Rice – West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh
Gram – Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu
Barley – Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan
Bajra – Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan
Sugarcane - Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra
Poppy – Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh
Coconut – Kerala and Tamil Nadu
Linseed – Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana
Groundnut – Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu
Rape seed and mustard – Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana
Sesame – Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan
Sunflower – Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra
Cotton – Maharashtra, and Gujarat
Jute – West Bengal and Bihar
Silk – Karnataka, and Kerala
Hemp – Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh
Coffee – Karnataka and Kerala
Rubber – Kerala and Karnataka
Tea – Assam and Kerala
Tobacco – Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh
Pepper – Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
Cashewnuts – Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh
Ginger – Kerala and Uttar Pradesh
Turmeric – Andhra Pradesh and Odisha
28 States and their Crops
The major crops of 28 States are as follows, Candidates can go through the table given below to access the proper information on major crops across different states of India.
Foodgrains ie mainly rice
Mango, Litchi, Pineapple, Guava, and Orange
Fruits and vegetables
Cotton, groundnut, castor, bajra, tur, green gram, sesamum, paddy, maize, and sugarcane
Haryana ( cattle farming)
Sugarcane, paddy, wheat, and sunflower
Uttar Pradesh ( top forming state)
Foodgrains and sugarcane
Wheat and maize, pulses like urad, soyabean
Mainly rice, jowar, bajra, maize, ragi, tobacco, legumes, sugarcane, and other crops
Rice, maize, moong dal, red chile, sugarcane, peanuts, soybean, turmeric, and cotton are the Kharif crops o. Mustard, sesamum, barley, wheat, and peas are the rabi crops
Chhattisgarh ( rice bowl of India)
Lime, Cashew-nut, Guava, Cheku, Mango, and other fruit crops.Cucurbits, cabbage, beans, cauliflower, and other vegetable crops.Ginger, turmeric, methi, coriander, chilli, garlic, and other spices.
28 State Crops List: Crop Production State Wise India
Two major producer states of the major crops across the India are tabulated below. This table important first hand information on the major crop production across various states in India.
Name of the crops
Crop Production State Wise India
Crops in India Statewise PDF
Candidates can access the direct URL provided below to receive Major Crops in India Statewise PDF. For the applicants' information, we have included a list of all the states in India that produce the most crops.
Since you have all the information you needed to cover the topic 'crops in India state wise', you must begin your preparation without any further delay. You can also bookmark this page to cover this topic whenever you want to.
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