What are Crops?
Before we jump on to the types of crops grown in different states in India and their producing states in India, you need to understand what crops mean. "Crops are plants or plant substances that are planted and harvested for the use of humans and well-being of living things on the earth."
Types of Crops in India
Many crops are cultivated throughout India's different states. Rice, wheat, millet, pulses, tea, coffee, sugarcane, oil seeds, cotton, jute, and others are some of India's major crops. The exact link provided below allows candidates to download both the list of key crops and producing states in India in PDF format, as well as the list of crop-producing states in India in 2023. For the applicants' information, we have included a list of all the states in India that produce crops as well as a ranking of the top states. India is known for its crop production as it cultivates crops in three seasons and these are as follows:
What are Kharif Crops?
The Kharif crops are grown in India from June to September, which is the monsoon season. These crops, such bajra, ragi, groundnut, cotton, etc., are also referred to as monsoon crops. Crops are planted in June during the monsoon season and are harvested in September. Rice and maize are the main crops used in Kharif cuisine.
What are Rabi Crops?
The Rabi crop is India's second type of crop. The Arabic word Rabi means spring. These crops can be grown from October through March. They are cultivated during the winter and harvested at the start of the spring. Wheat, gram, mustard, peas, barley, etc. are a few examples. Rainfall has less of an impact on these crops because they require less water to grow.
What are Zaid Crops?
In India, this is the third category of crop. Plants grow throughout the Zaid season, which runs from March to June. Comparing this season to the Kharif and Rabi seasons, it is the shortest. As an illustration, consider cucumber, watermelon, pumpkin, and bitter gourd.
Major Crops in India State-wise PDF
Candidates can access the direct URL provided below to receive Major Crops in India Statewise PDF. For the applicants' information, we have included a list of all the states in India that produce the most crops. It is extremely important to revise the 28 states crops list before taking SSC CHSL 2023, CGL, and other SSC Exams. This topic has been frequently asked in SSC CGL Previous year Papers.
> Major Crops in India Statewise PDF
List of Major Crops & Producing States in India
The human body needs food crops as a source of energy. The supply of food crops is increasingly in demand nowadays. We must safeguard crops from infections, which may include ectoparasites, viruses, bacteria, oomycetes, fungi, protozoans, or nematodes, in order to preserve the balance of food. Food crops are mostly grown for the farmers' needs. Just meeting residential requirements requires the adoption of simple farming techniques. Let us check state-wise crop production in India.
Cereals crops and their largest producing states in India
Examples of major cereal crops in India are wheat, rice, gram, barley, and bajra.
Wheat - Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Madhya Pradesh
Rice – West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh
Gram – Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu
Barley – Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan
Bajra – Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Rajasthan
Cash crops and their largest producing states in India
Cash crops are agricultural products grown with the intention of being sold on the market or exported for a profit (like livestock feeding or food for the family).
Sugarcane - Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra
Poppy – Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh
Oil Seeds crops and their largest producing states in India
One of the main producers of oilseeds and importers of edible oils is India. Nine annual oilseed crops, including seven edible oilseeds (groundnut, rapeseed & mustard, soybean, sunflower, sesame, safflower, and niger) and two non-edible oilseeds, may be grown in the nation due to its various agroecological conditions (castor and linseed).
Coconut – Kerala and Tamil Nadu
Linseed – Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Haryana
Groundnut – Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu
Rape seed and mustard – Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Haryana
Sesame – Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan
Sunflower – Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Maharashtra
Fibre Crops and their largest producing states in India
Cotton – Maharashtra, and Gujarat
Jute – West Bengal and Bihar
Silk – Karnataka, and Kerala
Hemp – Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh
Plantations crops and their largest producing states in India
Coffee – Karnataka and Kerala
Rubber – Kerala and Karnataka
Tea – Assam and Kerala
Tobacco – Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh
Spices crops and their largest producing states in India
Pepper – Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu
Cashewnuts – Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh
Ginger – Kerala and Uttar Pradesh
Turmeric – Andhra Pradesh and Odisha
Major Crops in India State-Wise
The majority of people in India depend on agriculture for their livelihood, and India is known for its agricultural industry. The influence of agriculture on people's lives is significant. It helps to increase India's economic and GDP growth on a greater scale. Below are the largest crop-producing states in India as of 2023, along with a list of the country's principal crops and the states that are responsible for each crop's vast output. India's economy is growing in part because to each state's contribution.
29 states crops list are tabulated below. Candidates can go through it to access the proper information on major crops across different states of India.
29 States Crops List
Crops in India
Foodgrains i.e. mainly rice
Mango, Litchi, Pineapple, Guava, and Orange
Fruits and vegetables
Cotton, groundnut, castor, bajra, tur, green gram, sesamum, paddy, maize, and sugarcane
Haryana ( cattle farming)
Sugarcane, paddy, wheat, and sunflower
Uttar Pradesh ( top forming state)
Foodgrains and sugarcane
Wheat and maize, pulses like urad, soyabean
Mainly rice, jowar, bajra, maize, ragi, tobacco, legumes, sugarcane, and other crops
Rice, maize, moong dal, red chile, sugarcane, peanuts, soybean, turmeric, and cotton are the Kharif crops o. Mustard, sesamum, barley, wheat, and peas are the rabi crops
Chhattisgarh ( rice bowl of India)
Lime, Cashew-nut, Guava, Cheku, Mango, and other fruit crops.Cucurbits, cabbage, beans, cauliflower, and other vegetable crops.Ginger, turmeric, methi, coriander, chilli, garlic, and other spices.
Also, check out:
- 28 States of India and their languages
- Important Days and Dates
- Scientific Name of Plants and Vegetables
State-Wise Crop Production in India
Two major producer states of the major crops across India are tabulated below. This table important first-hand information on the major crop production across various states in India. Learn about India's top 2 crop-producing states. With the significant state-level agricultural output of bajra, rice, sugarcane, food grains, and many more crops, Uttar Pradesh is India's top farming state.
Name of the crops
State-Wise Crop Production in India
Since you have all the information you needed to cover the topic 'crops in India state wise', you must begin your preparation without any further delay. You can also bookmark this page to cover this topic whenever you want to. Also, if you are planning to appear for the SSC exams this year, you must attempt the SSC Mock Test to get familiar with the types of questions asked.
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