CDS Syllabus 2022: PDF Download, Subject-Wise Syllabus

CDS Syllabus 2022: PDF Download, Subject-Wise Syllabus

ByNaveen Singh  |  Updated on: Jul 18, 2022
Check the latest CDS syllabus 2022 here for English, Mathematics, and General Knowledge. Download the UPSC CDS syllabus PDF from the direct link given below to prepare well for the upcoming exam which is to be held on 04 September 2022.
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CDS Syllabus 2022 has been released by the Union Public Service Commission along with the official notification. Getting conversant with the detailed subject-wise syllabus is the foremost and pivotal step in preparation for the upcoming exam. It plays a key role in driving the candidates towards success. The applicants must be fully prepared with the CDS syllabus to perform exceptionally well in the exam and outperform to grab the seat. The syllabus for the written exam comprises subjects such as English, General Awareness, Mathematics for IAFA, IMA, and INA posts. For the OTA posts, the candidates will be screened based on their knowledge of the UPSC CDS syllabus for General Knowledge and English.

The complete knowledge of the CDS syllabus 2022 will assist the applicants in formulating an effective plan of action and vision to attempt the exam. Those who will clear the written test will proceed to the SSB Interview stage. This post will give the applicants complete cognizance of the syllabus and take them a step closer to accomplishing their dreams. Download the CDS syllabus PDF from the direct link below for General Awareness, English, and Mathematics.

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CDS Syllabus 2022

The concerned authorities of the Central Defense Services have formulated the CDS syllabus 2022 to screen candidates based on their intellect, persona and grammatical knack. To crack this exam, the applicants need to be well versed with all the parameters of the syllabus and prepare for it well. A better understanding of all the topics of the UPSC CDS syllabus will aid the candidates in excelling in the exam.

The main topics of the CDS syllabus are Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary, Economics, History, Number systems, Percentages etc. The aspirants must read the entire page and jot down the important topics of the CDS syllabus 2022. It comprises the following sections for IAFA, INA and IMA posts, which are as follows: 

  • English
  • General Knowledge 
  • Elementary Mathematics

For the OTA posts, the aspirants are screened based on their knowledge of English and General Knowledge subjects.

CDS Syllabus PDF

Those who are going to appear in the upcoming CDS exam must download the CDS syllabus PDF from the direct link provided below. It contains topics from all three subjects - English, Elementary Mathematics, and General Awareness.

☛ CDS Syllabus PDF - Download Now

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CDS OTA Syllabus

The Combined Defence Services exam is conducted to recruit eligible candidates into the Indian Naval Academy (INA), Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Air Force Academy (IAFA), and Officers Training Academy (OTA). The CDS OTS syllabus consists of two papers on English and General Knowledge with 100 marks each. Each paper has to be completed within 2 hours. Check the subject-wise CDS OTA syllabus for the papers mentioned above in the sections below.

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CDS Syllabus for General Knowledge

This section screens the candidates based on their knowledge of the current happenings in the world. The applicants need to be vigilant about the current affairs happening in the world. The questions usually are centred on the topics like Indian History, Polity, Economics, General Science etc. The table underneath elucidates the complete knowledge of the UPSC CDS syllabus of the General Knowledge. Check out all the topics elaborated on here.



Current Affairs

Cover news of important international and national summits/ conferences, awards, sports-related news, books, and authors, etc.

Political Science

Important facts of the Indian constitution, fundamental rights, and directive principles, powers of the president and prime minister, constitutional bodies, Indian judiciary, etc.

Indian History

Questions may be asked from Ancient, Medieval and Modern India.

Indian Polity

Prepare important facts of Indian as well as world geography.


Prepare topics like Budget, Five-year plan, foreign trade, etc.

General Science

Physics: Focus on topics like optics, motion, force, units, heat, electricity, temperature, etc.

Chemistry: Prepare important topics of organic, inorganic, physical and general chemistry.

Biology: Focus on the topics of important diseases, botany, zoology as well as human biology.

Defence Related News

Questions in this section may be asked about important defence-related topics like Army Day, Navy Day, recent developments, etc.

CDS English Syllabus

This section is usually considered to be difficult by the candidates, but if the essential segments of the CDS syllabus are approached with righteous strategy then the candidates can smoothly crack this section. This section screens the candidates on the basis of their grammatical knacks and English Language knowledge. By steering through the under-noted topics of the CDS English syllabus, candidates can pick out their strengths and weaknesses and schedule their preparations accordingly.

  • Fill in the blanks
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Vocabulary (Synonyms/ Antonyms/ Phrases)
  • Sentence Rearrangement (Jumbled sentences)
  • Spotting Error
  • Sentence Improvement/ Correction

CDS Syllabus for Mathematics

The main topics of the CDS Syllabus for Elementary Mathematics are Arithmetic, Trigonometry, Geometry, Mensuration, Statistics, etc. This section requires consistent practice and dedicated efforts to enhance the preparation and the results. The applicants need to maintain accuracy and pace to solve these questions within the time constraints and achieve the desired results. The major topics along with the elucidated description have been provided herewith. Steer through the below-mentioned points to get in touch with the elaborate CDS Maths syllabus for the upcoming exam preparation.




Number System (natural, integers, rational & real numbers), Fundamental operations (subtraction, addition, division, multiplication), Unitary Method, Percentages, Time & Work, Simple & Compound Interest, Time & Distance, Ratio & Proportion, Profit & loss, Elementary number theory, Composite & prime numbers, Divisibility tests, Theorem of factorisation, Factors & Multiples, Euclidean algorithm, laws of algorithm & algorithmic tables, etc.


Basic operations, Remainder theorem, L.C.M. & H.C.F., Polynomial theories, Quadratic equations (relation between roots & its coefficients), Linear equations in 2 variables, Set language and set notation, Laws of indices, Conditional identities, Rational Expressions, etc.


All about Sine a, Cos a, Tan a when 0° < a < 90°, Sin, Cos and Tan values of important angles like 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°, Simple trigonometric identities, Trigonometric tables, Heights and distance, etc.


Plane & plane figures, Lines, and angles, Important theorems (like angle property based), Parallel lines, Congruency of triangles, Medians & Altitudes, Similar triangles, Parallelogram, Circles, Rectangle, Square, etc.


Areas of circles, Triangles, Rectangles, Squares, Parallelograms, Volume, Surface area of cuboids, Cones, Cylinders, Spheres, etc.


Tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation of frequency polygons, Bar graphs, Histograms, Pie charts, Measures of central tendency, etc.

How to Prepare CDS Syllabus 2022?

It is pivotal for the candidates to prepare rightly for the exam to perform extraordinarily well. The aspirants need to formulate an accurate plan for completing the UPSC CDS syllabus within time and also be able to complete the exam within the time limits. We have facilitated the CDS preparation tips shared by the experts to guide the candidates to outperform in the exam.

  • They must get acquainted with the latest CDS syllabus and exam pattern. 
  • Formulate a strategy accordingly, keeping in mind the topics carrying the maximum weightage and the weaknesses of the candidates.
  • They need to consistently practise the CDS previous year papers to assess the level of preparation and enhance it.
  • They must keep on revising the already-learnt concepts.
  • They will have to brush up on the fundamentals to get develop the pace and the accuracy to solve the question papers within time.

Important Topics in UPSC CDS Syllabus

If you have less time to prepare the CDS syllabus, then you can prioritise learning the important topics first. Check the important topics in the UPSC CDS syllabus 2022 for English, General Knowledge, and Mathematics listed below:

  • English: Synonyms and Antonyms, Idioms and Phrases, Jumbled Sentences, Reading Comprehension, Fill in the blanks, Spotting errors, One-word Substitution, etc.
  • Mathematics: Percentage, Profit and Loss, Time and Work, SI and CI, Trigonometry, Lines and Angles, Mensuration, etc.
  • General Knowledge: Current Affairs, Indian History, Polity, Constitution, Basic Science, Geography, etc.

CDS Syllabus FAQs

  • Applicants must be conversant with the CDS syllabus 2022 to excel in the exam. Three subjects are included in the syllabus: Elementary Mathematics, English, and General Knowledge. The preparation for these subjects is important for the candidates who want to get the INA, IAFA, and IMA posts. The CDS syllabus for OTA comprises General knowledge and English only. Accurate knowledge of the syllabus will assist the candidates in formulating an effective strategy and an apt plan of action for attempting the exam.

  • Candidates preparing for the upcoming exam can download the CDS syllabus PDF from the official website of UPSC or from the direct link given below. It contains the topics to be included in the English, Mathematics, and General Knowledge syllabus.

    ☛ CDS Syllabus 2022 - Download PDF

  • The applicants must thoroughly practice for the Quantitative Aptitude section to get the pace and accuracy to solve the questions. The major topics of the CDS Maths syllabus are Arithmetic, Algebra, Trigonometry, Mensuration, Statistics, and Geometry. The other sub-topics are the Number system, Unitary Method, Percentages, L.C.M and H.C.F, Rectangles, squares, parallelograms etc.

  • There are only two subjects included in the CDS OTA syllabus which are English and General Knowledge. Those who have applied for the Officers Training Academy posts must check the complete subject-wise CDS syllabus to prepare effectively for the exam.

  • No, the UPSC CDS syllabus and type of questions asked in the exam usually maintain the same type over the years. The CDS syllabus does not get altered every year; however, the General Awareness syllabus has no restricted boundaries as it tests the candidates' knowledge about the current happenings and current affairs. So, the questions from this section are altered accordingly.

  • The grammatical portion of the English Language requires consistent practice and dedicated efforts to crack this section smoothly. The main topics of the CDS English syllabus are Fill in the Blanks, Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary, Synonyms, Antonyms, spotting errors, sentence improvement and corrections etc.

  • You need to be well acquainted with all the topics of the CDS syllabus and formulate an effective study plan according to that. It is a must to go through the complete syllabus for every subject and start preparing all the topics one by one. Give more importance to the topics with higher weightage, such as Reading Comprehension, Data Interpretation, Current Affairs, etc.

  • Yes, there is a Mathematics section in the UPSC CDS syllabus. It includes topics such as Trigonometry, Percentage, SI and CI, Ratio and Proportion, Algebra, Mensuration, etc. However, there is no math section in the CDS OTA syllabus. So, those who have applied for the Officers Training Academy will have to prepare for English and General Knowledge only.

  • The concerned authorities of the Union Public Service Commission prescribe the CDS syllabus. They formulate the syllabus in a way to assess the candidates based on their intellect, persona, English Language proficiency, knowledge about current happenings and Quantitative Aptitude and recruit the eligible candidates. To crack the exam and get the desired job, the applicants must be conversant with the detailed syllabus of the CDS exam.

  • CDS Syllabus for General Knowledge includes the following topics: Current Affairs, Constitution, Indian History, Polity, Geography, General Science, and Defence-related news and events. There are a total of 120 questions from this section carrying a maximum of 100 marks.

  • Candidates should check the important topics in the CDS syllabus 2022 to strategize their preparations accordingly. Some important topics are Reading Comprehension, Synonyms, Antonyms, Mensuration, Percentage, Profit and Loss, Current Affairs, History, Geography, etc.

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