List of Scientific Names of Fruits, Vegetables & Plants

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Scientific Name of Fruits and Vegetables: Every species on earth has its own unique scientific name. If you are appearing for the upcoming competitive exams, you must go through the important scientific names of vegetables, Plants, and Fruits. To help you facilitate your preparation, we are providing study notes on Binomial Nomenclature including scientific names of fruits, vegetables, and plants.

Binomial Nomenclature of Fruits and Vegetables

Scientific names are used to define distinct types of creatures in a universal manner so that experts from all over the world may easily recognize the same animal. This is known as binomial nomenclature, and many scientific names are taken from the organism’s Latin name.
The scientific name is divided into two parts: the genus name, which comes first, and the particular species name, which comes second.


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Carolus Linnaeus, a Swedish physician, and botanist, pioneered modern binomial nomenclature in the 18th century. The two-part name was proposed to produce a code that more easily recognized individual species without the need for extensive descriptions that might be susceptible to subjectivity.

Scientific Names of Fruits and Vegetables for SSC Exams

In the SSC exams, questions are often asked based on the scientific names of fruits, vegetables, and plants. Candidates can expect around 2-3 questions in their exam on this topic in the general awareness section. Considering the importance of the topic we are providing you with a list of scientific names of vegetables and fruits for competitive exams.

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Scientific Names of Plants

The Binomial Nomenclature is nothing but the scientific names of plants. In order to categorize plants, scientists assign each one a distinct name. This makes it simple to recognize the plants and the family to which they belong. Here is a list of all the common scientific names of plants for competitive exams. Candidates should read over the list and revise it as they prepare for the competitive government exams. They can improve their preparation by reading and memorizing the scientific names of plants.

List of Scientific Names of Fruits, Vegetables & Plants

S. No Common Name Plant Scientific Name
1 Tulsi Ocimum sanctum
2 Cotton Gossypium herbaceum
3 Banyan Ficus benghalensis
4 Neem Azadhirachta indica
5 Peepal Ficus religiosa Linn.
6 Rose Rosa
7 Saffron Crocus sativus
8 Sugarcane Saccharum
9 Sunflower Helianthus annuus
10 Tea Camellia sinensis
11 Bamboo Bamboosa aridinarifolia
12 Tobacco Nicotina tobaccum

Scientific Name of Fruits

Generally, the scientific names of fruits are derived from the Latin language. Here is a list of fruit-producing plants’ scientific names. As you know the scientific name consists of two parts: the genus name, which comes first, and the particular species name, which comes second. The table given below enlists the scientific names of fruits for competitive exams like UPSC, RRB Exam, etc.

List of Scientific Names of Fruits, Vegetables & Plants

S. No Common Name of Fruits Fruits Scientific Name
1 Mango Mangifera indica
2 Apple  Pyrus malus
3 Pomegranate Punica granatum
4 Pineapple Ananus sativus
5 Orange Citrus aurantium
6 Strawberry Fragaria × ananassa
7 Sweet Potato Ipomoea batatas
8 Watermelon Citrullus lanatus
9 Muskmelon Cucumis melo
10 Banana Musa paradisicum
11 Guava Psidium guava

Scientific Names of Vegetables

Given below is a list of scientific names of vegetables. Candidates must be familiar with the scientific name of vegetables and species used in India as our country is known for the species produced here. Therefore, applicants studying for competitive exams like SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, etc must understand the scientific names of vegetables, fruits, and plants. The applicants can discover the scientific names of vegetables as well as spices in the following table.

List of Scientific Names of Fruits, Vegetables & Plants

S. No Common Name Scientific Name of Vegetables
1 Potato Solanum tubersum
2 Tomato Lycopersican esculentum
3 Onion Allium cepa
4 Radish Raphanus sativus
5 Carrot Daucas carota
6 Brinjal Solanum melongena     
7 Capsicum Capsicum Fruits scence
8 Cucumber  Cucumis sativas
9 Ginger Zingiber officinale
10 Cauliflower Brassica oleracea
11 Chives Allium schoenoprasum
12 Cow pea Vigna unguiculata
13 Coriander Coriandrum sativum
14 Curry plant Murraya koenigii
15 Eggplan Solanum melongena
16 Pea Pisum sativam
17 Lemon Citrus Limonium
18 Jack fruit Artocarpus integra
19 Mint (Pudina) Mentha arvensis
20 Okra, Lady Finger Abelmoschus esculentus
21 Pointed gourd Trichosanthes dioica
22 Spinach Spinacia oleracea
23 Snake gourd Trichosanthes cucumerina
24 Lettuce Lactuca sativa
25 Broccoli Brassica oleracea italica group
26 Drumstick Moringa oleifera
27 Leek Allium porrum
28 Soybean Glycine max
29 Common bean Phaseolus vulgaris
30 Cassava Manihot esculenta

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Scientific Names of Spices

Many spices have similar or even identical common names in different regions or languages, which can lead to confusion. However, their scientific names, consisting of a genus and species, provide a unique and precise identification for each spice. Tabulated below are the scientific name of spices that are used in our daily lives.

S. No Common Name Scientific Name of Spices
1 Turmeric Curcuma longa
2 Garlic Allium Sativum
3 Clove Syzygium aromaticum
4 Black Pepper Piper nigrum
5 Pea Pisum sativam

That’s all you need to know about the Scientific names of vegetables, fruits, plants, and spices. If you have any queries, feel free to reach out to us.


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