UPSC Exam 2022: Question Paper, Exam Pattern, Preparation for IAS Interview

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : October 4th, 2022

UPSC Mains 2022 Exam was conducted successfully by the Commission, and was concluded on 25 September 2022. The UPSC Result for Mains 2022 will be released soon and candidates who cleared the UPSC Mains Exam will be called for UPSC Interview, which is the next stage in the UPSC Exam. Candidates preparing for the upcoming UPSC 2023 exam can download the UPSC Mains question paper 2022 PDF to understand the exam better.

The commission will release the notification for the upcoming UPSC 2023 Exam on  01 February 2023 along with the updated vacancy, syllabus, pattern, and more. The UPSC Exam is held in three stages, IAS Prelims Exam, followed by UPSC Mains, and then Interview. Candidates who clear all the three stages of the UPSC IAS Exam 2022 will be selected for various posts like IAS, IPS, IFS, and more. Check all the details about the UPSC Exam 2022, such as UPSC exam date, Notification PDF, syllabus, paper pattern, and more.

Table of Content

UPSC Exam 2022 is being held as per the UPSC CSE notification for the total vacancy of 1011 posts. In the latest notice by UPSC, the total vacancy in UPSC 2022 has been increased from 861 to 1011. 

UPSC Exam Latest News 2022

UPSC conducted the UPSC Mains 2022 Exam from 16 September 2022 to 25 September 2022 in two shifts — 9.00 AM to 12 noon and 2.00 PM to 5.00 PM. Download the latest UPSC Mains Question Paper 2022 PDF to analyze the difficulty level of the exam and prepare for the upcoming exam strategically. 

UPSC Exam 2022 [What's New]

  • 25 September 2022: UPSC Mains 2022 concluded.
  • 16 September 2022: UPSC Exam 2022 Mains Begins. 
  • 30 August 2022: UPSC Mains 2022 Admit Card released.
  • 06 July 2022: Notification for the UPSC Mains 2022 or DAF 2022 is released. Check the UPSC Mains Notification 2022
  • 22 June 2022: UPSC Result 2022 for the Prelims Exam released. Check the latest UPSC Result 2022
  • 05 June 2022: UPSC Prelims Exam 2022 was successfully conducted. 
  • 10 May 2022: The UPSC Admit Card 2022 for Prelims has been released for all the candidates who successfully registered for the IAS Exam 2022. Download the UPSC 2022 Prelims Admit Card from the official website.
  • 05 May 2022: UPSC released their annual UPSC Calendar 2023 on the official website. UPSC Prelims 2023 is scheduled for 28 May 2023
  • 21 April 2022: National Civil Services Day 2022 Celebrated. Learn How to Become an IPS Officer
  • UPSC has increased the latest vacancy for UPSC 2022 from 861 to 1011 by including Indian Railway Management Service (IRMS) recruitment. From now, IRMS Group A recruitment will be under UPSC CSE Exam.
  • 02 February 2022: IAS UPSC Civil Services Exam 2022 Notification released along with UPSC Application Form 2022

UPSC Exam 2021 Latest News

  • 01 June 2022: UPSC Answer Key 2021 is released by the Commission on its official website. Check the GS Paper 1 UPSC Answer Key and GS Paper 1 UPSC Answer Key and CSAT UPSC Answer Key.
  • 30 May 2022: UPSC Civil Services Final Result 2021 declared. Check the PDF here.
  • 17 March 2022: UPSC Mains Result 2021 Released. UPSC IAS Interview 2021 is scheduled from 05 April 2022. 
  • UPSC Mains Exam 2021 was scheduled from 07 to 09, 15 & 16 January 2022.

UPSC Exam Notification 2022

UPSC Notification 2022 was released on 02 February 2022 on the official UPSC website- upsconline.nic.in. Aspirants must download the UPSC notification 2022 PDF available in English and Hindi to understand the IAS exam better. The direct link to download the UPSC exam notification 2022 is mentioned below.

UPSC also releases the application form for the IAS prelims exam with the notification. The UPSC IAS notification contains the following details. 

  • IAS Exam Dates, Application Dates, How to apply, Application fee
  • UPSC Eligibility, Exam Pattern
  • Details about UPSC CSE posts and vacancy
  • UPSC Syllabus: Prelims, Mains, and Optional subjects
  • Exam center details
  • Other instructions 

What is UPSC Exam?

UPSC Exam is a competitive exam conducted by Union Public Service Commission to select eligible candidates for all Group A & B posts in central government such as IAS, IFS, IPS, IRS, and more. UPSC Full Form is Union Public Service Commission. The IAS Exam is conducted every year for varied vacancies in three stages.

The Indian state has retained the civil service’s structure as was imparted by the British and envisioned achieving integrity and unity across the nation via this steel framework. Established in 1926, the civil service was revamped in the post-independence era. Sardar Patel advocated the adoption of All India Services in a newly independent India for the smooth functioning of the government.

UPSC Exam 2022 Overview

Exam Name

IAS Exam / UPSC CSE Exam

UPSC Civil Services Examination

Exam Year

2022

Conducting Body

UPSC - UPSC Civil Services Examination

Exam Level

National

Exam Periodicity

Yearly

Exam Mode

Offline (Pen-Paper Mode)

No. of Vacancies

Latest IAS Vacancy 2022 - 1011

UPSC CSE Vacancy 2021- 712

IAS Selection Process

The UPSC CSE Exam is a three-stage recruitment test

  1. IAS Prelims Exam 2022
  2. IAS Mains Exam 2022
  3. IAS Interview 2022

What is IAS?

IAS stands for Indian Administrative Service, earlier known as Imperial Civil Service. The All India Services of the Government of India consist of three services - IAS, Indian Police Service, and the Indian Forest Service. To become an IAS officer, candidates must clear the IAS exam with a good rank. UPSC conducts the IAS Exam annually to recruit candidates for 20+ government services, including IAS. 

An IAS officer's job is to assist the federal and state governments in executing and administering their policies and giving essential input to any government decision-making process. 

UPSC Exam Dates 2022

IAS 2022 exam date for the prelims exam was 05 June 2022, whereas the IAS Mains starts from 16 September 2022 onwards. The applicants must note the UPSC Exam Dates 2022 to avoid missing an important deadline and plan their preparation strategically. Below given are all the relevant IAS Exam Dates for this year's examination.

UPSC has announced and published the UPSC exam calendar 2022 on its official website. Candidates preparing for the IAS exam 2022 must check and download the UPSC calendar 2022-23 from the direct link mentioned below.

Download:- UPSC Calendar 2022 PDF

UPSC IAS Exam Date 2023

As per the latest UPSC Calendar, 2023, below are all the important dates for UPSC 2023. 

UPSC Exam 2023 - Important Events 

UPSC Exam Dates 2023

UPSC 2023 Notification Release Date 

01 February 2023

UPSC Application Release Date 2023

01 February 2023

Last Date to apply for UPSC 2023 Prelims 

21 February 2023

UPSC Prelims 2023

28 May 2023

UPSC Mains 2023 Exam Date

15 September 2023

UPSC IAS Exam Date 2022

UPSC Exam 2022 - Important Events 

IAS 2022 Exam Date

Details 

UPSC CSE Notification 2022 Release Date

02 February 2022

UPSC releases the UPSC CSE Notification PDF on the official website in both English and Hindi. 

UPSC Application Date 2022

02 February 2022

Along with the notification, UPSC announces the application form on the official website. 

Last date to apply for UPSC Exam 2022

22 February 2022

Aspirants can only apply online for the UPSC prelims exam 2022. 

UPSC Prelims Admit Card 2022 Date

10 May 2022 

The UPSC prelims admit card has been released online. Download the UPSC Prelims Admit Card 2022

UPSC Prelims 2022 Date

05 June 2022

UPSC Prelims Exam 2022 is conducted in pen and paper mode in two shifts for each paper. 

UPSC Prelims Result 2022 Date

22 June 2022

UPSC Result for the prelims exam is released in the form of a list of candidates selected for the mains exam. 

UPSC Mains 2022 Admit Card

30 August 2022

UPSC released admit card for Mains 2022 on its official website on 30 August.

IAS Mains Exam Date 2022

16 September 2022

IAS Mains Exam 2022 is a descriptive test and is held offline. 

UPSC Mains Result 2022 Date

to be announced

UPSC releases the Mains result PDF announcing the list of candidates selected for the interview. 

UPSC IAS Interview Dates 2022

to be announced

UPSC Personality Test is held in Delhi. 

UPSC IAS Result 2022 (Final list of selected candidates)

to be announced

Final UPSC Result releases the list of candidates with AIR.

UPSC Mains Exam Dates 2022

UPSC has released the detailed timetable of UPSC Mains 2022. Candidates appearing for the UPSC Mains 2022 must track all the important dates and prepare accordingly. Below we have mentioned the detailed timetable for the UPSC Mains 2022.

UPSC Mains 2022 Date

Forenoon Session of UPSC Mains

9.00 A.M. to 12.00 Noon

Afternoon Session

2.00 P.M. to 5.00 P.M.

16 September 2022 (Friday)

Paper-I : Essay

No Paper

17 September 2022 (Saturday)

Paper-II General Studies-I

Paper-III General Studies-II

18 September 2022 (Sunday)

Paper-IV General Studies-III

Paper-V General Studies-IV

24 September 2022 (Saturday)

Paper-A Indian Language

Paper-B English

25 September 2022 (Sunday)

Paper-VI Optional Subject-Paper-1

Paper-VII Optional Subject-Paper-2

>>Download UPSC Mains Time Table 2022

 

UPSC Vacancy 2022

Check out the latest UPSC Vacancy 2022 category-wise as per the latest UPSC Notification. The number of vacancies scheduled to be filled through the UPSC Exam 2022 is 1011. Earlier, the UPSC 2022 vacancy was 861. Later, 150 posts of the Indian Railway Management Service (IRMS) has been added.

Category 

Vacancy 

Persons with Benchmark Disability Category

34

blindness and low vision

7

deaf and hard of hearing

11

locomotor disability

8

multiple disabilities

8

After receiving a final number of vacancies from Cadre Controlling Authorities, the final number of vacancies may change.

UPSC Vacancy 2021

UPSC had announced the IAS vacancy 2021 of 712 posts in the official recruitment notification. The total of 712 vacancies also includes vacancies for Persons with Benchmark Disability. Check the distribution below. The UPSC CSE vacancy 2020 consisted of 796 vacancies, including vacancies for the Persons with Benchmark Disability Category. The UPSC IAS Exam’s latest vacancy may change as per the requirement of the Cadre Controlling Authorities.

Service

GEN

EWS

OBC

SC

ST

TOTAL

Indian Administrative Service

73

18

49

27

13

180

Indian Foreign Service

14

4

10

6

3

37

Indian Police Service

83

20

50

27

20

200

Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’

4

1

5

2

2

14

Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’

7

2

6

3

2

20

Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’

10

2

6

4

2

24

Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’

19

6

14

8

4

51

Indian Revenue Service Custom and Indirect Taxes Group ‘A’

16

5

11

6

3

41

Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)

0

0

0

0

0

0

Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’

6

2

7

3

1

19

Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’

1

3

3

2

1

10

Indian Railway Protection Force Service

5

0

4

0

0

9

Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’

0

0

0

0

0

0

Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A'

0

0

0

0

0

0

Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’

0

0

0

0

0

0

Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’

0

0

0

0

0

0

Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’

2

1

2

1

0

6

Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’

5

0

2

1

1

9

Indian Trade Service, Group 'A’

6

0

1

0

1

8

Indian Corporate Law Service, Group "A"

4

1

2

2

1

9

Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade)

19

4

14

6

3

46

Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu, and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'

3

1

2

1

0

7

Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu, and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'

6

2

4

3

1

16

Pondicherry Civil Service, Group 'B'

3

0

1

2

0

6

Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total

288

71

193

102

58

712

UPSC Posts List and Salary

The IAS Salary structure is as per the 7th pay commission. The IAS salary in India includes various components such as DA, TA, HRA, and many more. The IAS salary in hand is approx. Rs.56,100 per month in the beginning. Apart from the salary, numerous perks come with the job. Below is an overview of the IAS officer’s salary after the UPSC Exam.

Grade

Post

Salary Details

Pay Level

Basic Pay (INR)

Junior or Lower Time Scale

ASP/SDM/ Asst. Commissioner

10

56100

Senior Time Scale

ADM/Deputy Secretary/ Undersecretary

11

67700

Junior Administrative

DM/ Joint Secretary/ Deputy Secretary

12

78,800

Selection Grade

DM/ Special Secretary cum director/ Director

13

1,18,500

Selection Grade

Divisional Commissioner/ Secretary Cum Commissioner/ Joint Secretary

14

1,44,200

Super Time Scale

Divisional Commissioner/ Principal Secretary/ Additional Secretary

15

1,82,200

Above Online Classroom Program Time Scale

Additional Chief Secretary

16

2,05,400

Apex Scale

Chief Secretary

17

2,25,000

Cabinet Secretary Grade

Cabinet Secretary of India

18

2,50,000

UPSC Exam Eligibility 

UPSC Eligibility 2022 is mentioned in the official notification. The candidates are recommended to check the UPSC eligibility criteria before applying for the UPSC exam 2022 to avoid disqualification at a later stage. 

The eligibility criteria for UPSC 2022 exam include the UPSC age limit, nationality, and educational qualification. However, there is no limit on graduation's UPSC IAS eligibility percentage. IAS eligibility for ex-servicemen includes age relaxation. The complete detail about eligibility for the UPSC exam is mentioned below:

Nationality for UPSC Exam 2022

The candidates who wish to appear in the UPSC Civil Services Exam 2022 should be a

  • citizen of India or
  • should be a citizen of Nepal or
  • the subject of Bhutan or
  • he/she must be Tibetan Refugee who was migrated to India to settle permanently before January 01, 1962, or
  • person of Indian origin who migrated from Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Kenya, Vietnam, and Zaire.

UPSC Age Limit

UPSC has a predefined age limit for candidates who want to apply for the UPSC 2022 exam. Below we have mentioned the age limit for UPSC for different categories. The age limit must be calculated as of 01 August 2022

Category

Minimum Age

Maximum Age

UPSC Age limit for General

21 year

32 year

IAS Age limit for OBC

21 year

35 year

UPSC IAS age limit for SC/ST

21 year

37 year

UPSC CSE Age Relaxation

The UPSC has mentioned age relaxation for the few candidates applying for the UPSC 2022 exam. UPSC age relaxation for the general category is not applicable. However, the UPSC age relaxation for SC/ST, OBC, Defence Personnel, ex-servicemen, and others is mentioned below.

Category

Age Relaxation

Scheduled caste/Scheduled Tribe

5 years

Other backward classes (OBC)

3 years

Defense Services Personnel

3 years

Ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs

5 years

Deaf, hard of hearing, low vision or blindness, ex-servicemen or candidates with any other locomotor disability or muscle deformity

10 years

Educational Qualification for IAS 

The Educational Qualification for UPSC Exam states that the candidates applying for the UPSC Civil Services Examination (IAS) must have a graduation degree from a govt. recognized university. The educational qualification is not limited to any particular stream.

Candidates pursuing graduation and waiting for their final results can also apply, but only on the condition that the result should be declared before filling out the application for the UPSC Mains 2021 exam.

Attempts in UPSC Exam (Category Wise)

UPSC has mentioned the number of attempts each candidate can take. The number of attempts for the UPSC Exam varies as per different categories. The details are mentioned below:

Category

Maximum No. of Attempts

UPSC Attempt Limit for General Category

6

UPSC Attempt Limit for OBC 

9

UPSC Attempt Limit for SC/ST

No Limit

UPSC Application Form 2022

UPSC has released the application form for UPSC Prelims Exam 2022 on 02 February 2022. Candidates who wish to appear for the UPSC 2022 exam must check their eligibility and fill up the UPSC application form 2022 before the last filling date. 

Candidates must complete all the necessary details before filling up the IAS prelims form online. It is also important to note that the UPSC exam form can only be filled out online.

Candidates looking for the opportunity in the UPSC exam must note that the IAS application form will be filled in two different stages. 

  • The UPSC Prelims application form begins in February 2022, Candidates who qualify for the prelims exam will then fill the UPSC Mains Form 2022, also known as the Detailed Application Form.

Below you can find out the steps to apply online for the IAS exam 2022:

How to Apply Online for UPSC Exam 2022?

Follow the steps mentioned below to complete the registration for UPSC Prelims Exam 2022. 

  • Step 1: - Visit the official website of UPSC 
  • Step 2: - Go to the Civil Services Examination (CSE) section.
  • Step 3: - Click on the "Apply" button to start your application process.
  • Step 4: - Fill in all the required details (Including Name, Father Name, Mother Name, Educational Qualification, etc.) and upload your latest photo and signature.
  • Step 5: - Check your application preview and "Submit" to complete your registration.

UPSC Application Fee 2022

The candidates who are interested in applying for the UPSC Prelims 2022 exam will be charged Rs. 100/- as the application fee. 

  • The application fee will be accepted via Visa/Master/RuPay Credit/ Debit card. 
  • The application fee can also be paid through the medium of the online net banking facility of the SBI, State Bank of India. 
  • Candidates belonging to SC/ST/PWD & Female candidates are exempted from paying the UPSC application fee.

UPSC Exam Centre List 

UPSC announces the Exam Centre for UPSC Exam every year on the official website. The complete list of the exam centers for the UPSC prelims exam 2022 is announced with the notification.

Applicants are requested to select their preferred IAS test centers 2022 throughout the UPSC IAS application form filling process. For the prelims and mains stages of the UPSC IAS 2022 exam, UPSC provides distinct UPSC Exam centers.

Last year, UPSC gave candidates the option to modify their UPSC IAS exam center for 2022. The Commission stated in its notice that the decision to allow candidates to update their exam center preferences was made in light of a large number of candidates and the addition of four new exam centers for the CSE exam in Almora and Srinagar in Uttarakhand, Nasik in Maharashtra, and Surat in Gujarat. Applicants must visit the official website of UPSC to avail of the option of UPSC prelims center change 2021. 

Check Candidates Notice to Change UPSC Exam Centres for Prelims 2021

UPSC Exam Center List 2022

List of Exam Centres for UPSC Prelims

Agartala

Gorakhpur

Patna

Agra

Gurgaon

Port Blair

Ajmer

Gwalior

Prayagraj (Allahabad)

Ahmedabad

Hyderabad

Puducherry

Aizawl

Imphal

Pune

Aligarh

Indore

Raipur

Anantpur (Andhra Pradesh)

Itanagar

Rajkot

Aurangabad

Jabalpur

Ranchi

Bangalore

Jaipur

Sambalpur

Bareilly

Jammu

Shillong

Bhopal

Jodhpur

Shimla

Bilaspur

Jorhat

Siliguri

Chandigarh

Kochi

Srinagar

Chennai

Kohima

Thane

Coimbatore

Kolkata

Thiruvananthapuram

Cuttack

Kozhikode (Calicut)

Tiruchirapalli

Dehradun

Leh

Tirupati

Delhi

Lucknow

Udaipur

Dharwad

Ludhiana

Varanasi

Dispur

Madurai

Vellore

Faridabad

Mumbai

Vijayawada

Gangtok

Mysore

Vishakhapatnam

Gaya

Nagpur

Warangal

Gautam Buddh Nagar

Navi Mumbai

 

Ghaziabad

Panaji (goa)

 

List of Exam Centres for UPSC Mains

Ahmedabad

Dehradun

Mumbai

Aizawl

Delhi

Patna

Allahabad

Dispur (Guwahati)

Raipur

Bengaluru

Hyderabad

Ranchi

Bhopal

Jaipur

Shillong

Chandigarh

Jammu

Shimla

Chennai

Kolkata

Thiruvananthapuram

Cuttack

Lucknow

Vijayawada

UPSC Selection Process 2022

The selection process for UPSC civil services examination 2022 consists of three successive stages. The selection process of IAS And IPS remains the same and the services are offered as per the ranks. After the selection process is completed for the UPSC exam 

  • Stage 1: UPSC Prelims Exam
  • Stage 2: UPSC Mains Exam
  • Stage 3: UPSC Interview - Personality Test

UPSC Exam - 

Note: To participate in the next stage, the candidate must qualify for each stage's cutoff marks. The UPSC Prelims Exam is qualifying in nature. Therefore, the final selection marks of UPSC Mains and Interview will be counted for the final list. The UPSC Prelims exam is objective and consists of two papers, GS paper 1 and CSAT. Whereas UPSC Mains Exam is a descriptive exam that includes compulsory papers, general studies papers, and optional subject papers. 

Candidates who pass the UPSC 2022 mains exam will be invited to take the UPSC personality test. The Civil Services personality test is the final and most important UPSC 2022 selection process stage. Candidates for the UPSC interview, held at the UPSC office in New Delhi, are called to appear in double the number of UPSC 2022 jobs.

UPSC Selection Process 2022

Total Marks

Nature of the exam

UPSC Prelims Exam

400 Marks

Objective Exam

Qualifying Exam- Marks not Counted in final merit

UPSC Mains Exam

1750 Marks

Descriptive Test

Marks counted in the final merit

UPSC Interview

275 Marks

Personality Test

Total UPSC Exam marks

2025 Marks

Total Marks

UPSC Exam Pattern 2022- Prelims, Mains & Interview

UPSC Exam Pattern for Prelims, Mains & Interview is shared below. It is paramount to be very clear about the UPSC paper pattern for all three stages. As its a long exam cycle, aspirants must plan and prepare accordingly. The total no. of questions asked in the UPSC prelims exam is 400, the description of the same is as follows:

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2022

UPSC Prelims Exam consists of two papers, General Studies (GS) and Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT). Each Prelims paper is objective type, MCQ type questions.

  • The UPSC Prelims paper will be provided in both English and Hindi.
  • It is also important to note that the UPSC CSE Prelims exam has a negative marking of 1/3rd marks for every incorrect answer. 
  • Both GS Paper 1 and Paper 2 are conducted in one day. 
  • To qualify for the Mains, all applicants must take both the General Studies and CSAT tests.

Note: UPSC Prelims Paper 1 marks will be counted to determine the merit list whereas the CSAT Paper 2 will be of qualifying in nature (33% marks required). 

UPSC Prelims Exam 

No. of Qs.

Max. Marks

Exam Duration

General Studies- Paper-1 (GS Paper 1)

100

200 Marks

2 Hours

General Studies- Paper-2 (CSAT)

80

200 Marks

2 Hours

UPSC Mains Exam Pattern [Updated]

Candidates who clear the UPSC prelims exam 2022 by securing the cutoff marks will fill in the UPSC Mains DAF and appear for the mains examination. The UPSC Mains Exam is a descriptive type exam and the marks secured in the mains exam along with interview marks determine your selection and merit rank.

  • The UPSC Mains Exam consists of two types of papers - qualifying papers and merit.
  • Paper A & B is of Qualifying in Nature (25% i.e. 75 marks required) whereas marks of Paper 1 to 7 of the UPSC Mains exam will be counted to determine the final order of merit.
  • Candidates must choose one optional subject for the Mains exam. 
  • Applicants must score a minimum of 25% on each paper to be considered for the final selection.
  • Candidates will be asked to write their answers on UPSC-provided answer sheets. There will be no extra sheets provided.

Paper

Subject

Duration

Total marks

Time Allotted

Nature of paper

Type of Paper

Paper A

Compulsory Indian language

3 hours

300

3 hours

Qualifying

Descriptive

Paper B

English

3 hours

300

3 hours

Qualifying

Descriptive

UPSC Mains Paper 1

Essay

3 hours

250

3 hours

Merit

Descriptive

Paper 2

General Studies 1 (Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society)

3 hours

250

3 hours

Merit

Descriptive

Paper 3

General Studies 2 (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

3 hours

250

3 hours

Merit

Descriptive

Paper 4

General Studies 3 (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security

and Disaster Management)

3 hours

250

3 hours

Merit

Descriptive

Paper 5

General Studies 4 (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)

3 hours

250

3 hours

Merit

Descriptive

Paper 6

Optional Paper 1 (Candidates may choose any one of the optional subjects)

3 hours

250

3 hours

Merit

Descriptive

Paper 7

Optional Paper 2

3 hours

250

3 hours

Merit

Descriptive

UPSC Interview 2022 - Personality Test

The UPSC Interview is the last and last stage of the selection process. The interview is worth 275 points, bringing the total number of possible points to 2025. Applicants who qualify for the Mains exam will be called for the IAS personality test 2022. 

UPSC Exam Syllabus 2022- Download PDF in English & Hindi

UPSC Syllabus 2022 is notified along with the official notification on the official website every year. Find the complete UPSC syllabus for the Civil Services Examination 2022. The UPSC syllabus is available for download on the official website. Applicants must check the UPSC syllabus for both Prelims and Mains Examination to better understand the exam.

 It is important to understand it completely as the UPSC Syllabus is vast and to succeed in the examination, it is important to cover the entire syllabus smartly. Download the UPSC Syllabus 2022 for both Prelims and Mains. 

☛ Read UPSC Syllabus in Hindi

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2022

UPSC Syllabus for Prelims Examination includes the syllabus of General Studies Paper-1 and CSAT Paper-2. UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2022 is given below. Download the UPSC Prelims Syllabus PDF in both English and Hindi using the direct link mentioned below. 

UPSC Exam Syllabus for GS Paper 1

UPSC Prelims Syllabus for GS Paper 1 includes all GS subjects such as history, economics, geography, polity, etc, along with current events. 

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change
  • General Science.

UPSC Exam Syllabus for CSAT 

UPSC CSAT Syllabus for the prelims exam is mentioned below. The syllabus includes general aptitude, English, reasoning, etc. 

  • Comprehension; Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level)
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. — Class X level)

UPSC Mains Syllabus 2022

UPSC Syllabus for Mains Examination consists of GS papers and Optional papers syllabus.

Candidates can download the detailed UPSC Exam Syllabus for both Mains and Optional subjects. Each applicant must choose one optional subject for the Mains exam and appear for two papers for the optional subject. 

Paper

Subject

Paper 1

Essay (can be written in the medium of the candidate’s choice)

Paper 2

General Studies – 1 (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)

Paper 3

General Studies – 2 (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations)

Paper 4

General Studies – 3 (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)

Paper 5

General Studies – 4 (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)

Paper 6

Optional Subject – Paper 1

Paper 7

Optional Subject – Paper 2

UPSC Optional Subjects & Syllabus

UPSC allows each candidate to choose one optional subject for the UPSC Exam to appear in the mains exam. A total of 48 subjects are offered in the UPSC Optional Subject list to choose from. There are 25 subject-related optional subjects and 23 literature-related optional subjects. You can also download UPSC optional subject syllabus to ensure that you are all ser for your exam preparation. 

Check the list of UPSC Optional subjects for UPSC 2023. 

List of Optional Subjects for UPSC Exam 2022

Agriculture

Assamese

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

Bengali

Anthropology

Bodo

Botany

Dogri

Chemistry

Gujarati

Civil Engineering

Hindi

Commerce & Accountancy

Kannada

Economics

Kashmiri

Electrical Engineering

Konkani

Geography

Maithili

Geology

Malayalam

History

Manipuri

Law

Marathi

Management

Nepali

Mathematics

Oriya

Mechanical Engineering

Punjabi

Medical Science

Sanskrit

Philosophy

Santhali

Physics

Sindhi

Political Science & International Relations

Tamil

Psychology

Telugu

Public Administration

Urdu

Sociology

English

Statistics

Zoology

Download UPSC Optional Subject Syllabus

Optional Subject for UPSC Exam 2023

Download PDF

Geology

Syllabus

Physics

Syllabus

Sociology

Syllabus

Economics

Syllabus

Zoology

Syllabus

Commerce & Accountancy

Syllabus

Anthropology

Syllabus

Management

Syllabus

Philosophy

Syllabus

Electrical Engineering

Syllabus

Mathematics

Syllabus

Public Administration

Syllabus

Statistics

Syllabus

Agriculture

Syllabus

Law

Syllabus

Medical Science

Syllabus

Political Science & International Relations

Syllabus

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

Syllabus

Botany

Syllabus

Chemistry

Syllabus

Mechanical Engineering

Syllabus

History

Syllabus

Civil Engineering

Syllabus

Psychology

Syllabus

How to Prepare for UPSC Exam?

To kick start your preparations and crack the UPSC exam, it becomes really important to have a smart strategy. We here on BYJU'S Exam Prep have shared some important tips by experts to crack the UPSC Prelims 2023. 

Along with the UPSC exam strategy, it is crucial to follow a regular timetable for effective preparation. The candidates must have a well-structured timetable and strategy for the civil service examination which can be formulated according to their convenience. Go through these posts for more details:

UPSC Mock Test 2023

The UPSC Mock Test will help you practice various questions prepared by our expert mentors to improve your strength and weakness to attempt the exam with more accuracy and confidence. Thus, practice the UPSC Test Series to solve various questions to score better in the exam without any hassle. Regular practice of UPSC test series 2023 will also ensure that you prevent negative marks and score the desired marks to clear the cutoff. 

UPSC Previous Years Question Papers

UPSC question papers are the most reliable resource for understanding the exam pattern and weightage of different topics. Candidates must solve the IAS previous year's paper to analyze the question trend and prepare accordingly. The UPSC CSE Previous Year Question Paper also assesses your exam preparation and the improvement required to qualify. The UPSC Prelims of previous year papers must be solved as per the exam time limit for the best analysis and result. The UPSC previous year's Mains question paper of all GSB subjects and optional can be downloaded for preparation. 

UPSC Online Coaching 2022

To prepare online with expert guidance, you may opt for UPSC IAS online coaching at BYJU'S Exam Prep. The UPSC IAS live classes are the best method to save time and prepare at your convenience. The UPSC IAS online coaching offers study material PDFs, several practice questions, and mock tests prepared by highly experienced educators to ease your preparation and help you score good marks in the exam.

UPSC Practice Set 2022

The UPSC previous year's questions can be practiced using the UPSC Practice Set. All the previous year's UPSC Prelims question papers can be solved as per your preparation needs. For best results, solve the UPSC practice set multiple times for better memorization and retention.

UPSC Booklist

The following books can assist you with your preparations for one of the most competitive government exams in the country UPSC Exam 2023. Find below the list of preparation books for the UPSC Prelims Exam:

Book Title

Author/Publication

History of Modern India

Bipan Chandra

History of Medieval India

Satish Chandra

India’s Struggle for Independence

Bipan Chandra

India’s Ancient Past

R.S. Sharma

Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations

M. Laxmikanth

Indian Art and Culture (Culture)

Nitin Singhania

Facets of Indian Culture

Spectrum

Our Parliament

Subash Kashyap

Certificate Physical and Human Geography

Goh Cheng Leong

Indian Economy

Ramesh Singh

UPSC CSAT Books 2023 will allow you to clear the qualifying paper easily. A clear understanding of the concepts and regular practice will help you score good marks on CSAT Paper. Aspirants can also go through the detailed list of UPSC Books 2023 for CSAT and all optional subjects. 

UPSC Cutoff

Candidates preparing for the UPSC Exam 2023 must also go through the UPSC total marks and UPSC cut-off to have a better understanding of the level of the exam and set a target score for the upcoming prelims exam. UPSC Cut off marks are the minimum qualifying marks to be secured by the candidate to reserve a seat at each stage. UPSC Cutoff determines the final list of candidates selected for the post. Every year UPSC releases the official UPSC cut-off on their official website. 

UPSC Cutoff 2021

Category

CS (Prelims)

CS (Mains)

CS (Final)

General 

87.54

745

953

EWS

80.14

713

916

OBC

84.85

707

910

SC 

75.41

700

886

ST

70.71

700

883

PwBD-1 

68.02

668

892

PwBD2

67.33

712

932

PwBD-3

43.09

388

689

PwBD-5

45.80

560

701

UPSC Cutoff 2020

Category

CS (Prelim)

CS (Main)

CS (Final)

General

92.51

736

944

EWS

77.55

687

894

OBC

89.12

698

907

SC

74.84

680

875

ST

68.71

682

876

PwBD-1

70.06

648

867

PwBD-2

63.94

699

910

PwBD-3

40.82

425

675

PwBD-5

42.86

300

465

UPSC Cut Off Marks 2019

Exam

General

OBC

SC

ST

UPSC CSE Prelims

98

95.34

82

77.34

UPSC CSE Mains

751

718

706

699

Final Cutoff

961

925

898

893

UPSC CSE Cutoff Marks 2018

Exam

General

OBC

SC

ST

UPSC Prelims 2018 Cut Off (Out of 200 Marks)

98

96.66

84

83.34

UPSC Main 2018 Cut Off (Out of 1750 Marks)

774

732

719

719

UPSC Final 2018 Cut Off (Out of 2075 Marks)

982

938

912

912

UPSC CSE Cutoff 2017

Exam

General

OBC

SC

ST

UPSC Prelims 2017 Cut Off (Out of 200 Marks)

105.34 

102.66 

88.66 

88.66 

UPSC Main 2017 Cut Off (Out of 1750 Marks)

809 

770 

756 

749 

UPSC Final 2017 Cut Off (Out of 2075 Marks)

1006 

968 

944 

939 

UPSC Admit Card 2022

UPSC Prelims Admit Card 2022: UPSC has released the UPSC pre-admit card 2022 on its official website on 10 May 2022. Candidates who successfully register for the prelims exam will be able to download the UPSC Hall Ticket from the official website. It is important to carry your admit card to the exam center. 

UPSC Mains Admit Card 2022: You can download the hall ticket for the UPSC 2022 Main exam through the direct link below. Please note that the UPSC Mains Exam 2022 is scheduled for September 2022. Ensure you carry the UPSC Mains 2022 admit card to the exam center. Candidates who successfully qualify for the UPSC CSE Prelims Exam 2022 and fill out the DAF form can download the UPSC Mains e-admit Card from the official website. 

Candidates can download their UPSC Admit Card 2022 with the help of the following steps mentioned below:

  • Step 1: - Directly go to the official website of UPSC.
  • Step 2: - On the home page click on the link to 'Download UPSC 2022 Admit Card'.
  • Step 3: - Read the instructions mentioned on the screen carefully and click on the ‘Yes’ button.
  • Step 4: - Enter the Registration ID or Roll Number followed by the Date of Birth of the candidate.
  • Step 5: - Enter the captcha in the given blank field and click on the submit button.
  • Step 6: - The final step is to download the IAS Admit Card 2021.

In case of any discrepancy in the IAS Admit Card, candidates must report to the UPSC examination authorities immediately. Below we have listed the particulars mentioned on the admit card, make sure these details are enclosed in the redressal document:

  • Name of the Candidate
  • Date & Time of the Examination
  • Registration ID
  • Roll number
  • Complete postal address
  • UPSC Civil Services 2021 Exam Centres

How to Download UPSC Prelims Admit Card 2023?

Follow the below-mentioned steps to download the UPSC Prelims Admit Card 2023 from the official website. 

  1. Visit the UPSC official website, https://www.upsc.gov.in/ or click on the UPSC admit card download link mentioned. 
  2. Click on the "View all" tab under What's new. 
  3. In the new window, click on "e - Admit Card: Civil Services (Prelims) Examination, 2023"
  4. A new window opens with the link to download the e-admit card. 
  5. After clicking on the download link, read the detailed instruction and click on 'yes'.
  6. Enter your registration id or roll no to download the UPSC Admit Card 2023.

For other inquiries, you can contact officials through the below resources:

Union Public Service Commission

Phone Number: 011-23098543, 23385271, 23381125, 23098591

Email: feedback-upsc[at]gov[dot]in

Official Site: https://upsc.gov.in/

UPSC Prelims Exam Analysis 

The UPSC Prelims Analysis provides a comprehensive analysis of the UPSC prelims exam, the types of questions asked in the exam, the number of questions from each subject, and the exam's difficulty level. The UPSC prelims question paper pdf can also be downloaded, along with the answers. Calculate your score according to the marking scheme and compare it to the IAS Prelims cutoff. 

>> Check Out UPSC Prelims Exam Analysis 2022

>> UPSC Prelims 2022 Exam Analysis in Hindi

UPSC Answer Key 

UPSC releases the official UPSC Answer Key after completion of all stages of the UPSC Exam. However out experts have prepared the unofficial UPSC Answer Key Prelims 2022 that would help the candidates to evaluate their expected score.

>> Download UPSC Answer Key Prelims 2022

UPSC Prelims Question Paper Representations Portal 2022

UPSC Online Question Paper Representation Portal (QPREP) will be open for 7 days (1 week) i.e. up to 6:00 pm on the seventh day from the day following the date of examination. Candidates can submit any objection regarding the questions asked in the IAS Prelims Paper 2022 online. 

  • Such representations can only be made through the "Online Question Paper Representation Portal (QPrEP)
  • No representation will be accepted by e-mail/post/manual or any other means and the Commission will not send any communication to the candidates in this regard.
  • No representation will be accepted under any circumstances after the expiry of this period of 7 days

UPSC Result 2022 (Prelims & Mains)

UPSC Result 2022 Prelims has been released by UPSC on the official website. UPSC announces the UPSC CSE result after each stage. UPSC prelims 2022 result date is 22 June 2022 and was released in the form of a list of candidates selected for the UPSC Mains exam 2022. After the UPSC Mains exam, the UPSC mains result pdf will be announced and candidates will be called for the interview. Post the interview round, UPSC releases the final IAS result on its website. 

Latest updates on IAS Result

For other inquiries, you can contact officials through the below resources:

Union Public Service Commission

Phone Number: 011-23098543, 23385271, 23381125, 23098591

Email: feedback-upsc[at]gov[dot]in

Official Site: https://upsc.gov.in/

UPSC Interview 2021

UPSC has released the UPSC Interview Dates 2021-2022 after the Mains result 2021. Candidates who successfully clear the UPSC Mains Exam 2021 will appear for the UPSC Interview 2021-22 from 05 April 2022. The UPSC will conduct the Personality Test of the Civil Services Examination, 2021 as per the schedule. The UPSC Interview Call Letter 2021 will be available on the official website. 

Read all the details about UPSC IAS Interview 2022

UPSC Toppers

After the announcement of the UPSC CSE Final Results 2020 on 24 September, the UPSC Marksheet 2020 was released on 28 September 2021. Last year, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) released UPSC Marksheet 2019 on the 16th of October 2020, following the announcement of the civil services test final results on the 4th of August. For the years 2020 and 2019, 761 and 896 candidates respectively passed the IAS Exam.

UPSC releases the IAS Toppers Marksheet PDF on the official website each year after the entire process is over. Candidates who did not qualify for the UPSC Mains Exam can also download their UPSC CSE Marksheet from the official website. 

The direct link to download your UPSC IAS Marksheet 2020 is mentioned here.

UPSC IAS Marks | UPSC Marks of Not Qualified Candidates

UPSC Toppers Marks 2020

Candidates preparing for the upcoming UPSC CSE Exam 2021 must note the IAS toppers marks to get a good idea about the score to be achieved. It is important to note the UPSC Marks as it helps you prepare in a targeted manner. 

Download the IAS Marks 2020 for recommended candidates from the direct link mentioned below. 

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FAQs on UPSC Exam

  • The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a competitive examination in India administered by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) to recruit eligible candidates for Group A and B services. Due to this, the CSE is also referred to as the UPSC Exam. This exam is conducted every year for the recruitment officers for the All India Administrative Civil Services. There are three stages in the UPSC exam namely Prelims, Mains, and Personality Test. Candidates who clear all these rounds will be able to enter the prestigious Civil Services of India.

  • The full form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission, and the IAS stands for Indian Administrative Service. UPSC is the conducting body that conducts various exams such as Civil Services for IAS, IRS, IPS, IFS, etc along with other exams such as EPFO, Engineering services, and more. 

    IAS is considered to be the premier Civil Service of India, and to be recruited as an IAS officer one has to clear the UPSC exam that is conducted every year.

  • There are three stages of the UPSC exam, Prelims, Mains, and Personality test. The UPSC Prelims Exam Dates 2022 is 5th June 2022. The candidates who crack the Prelims round will be eligible for the UPSC Mains which will be held from 16th September 2022 onwards. The date for the Personality test will be announced on the official website of UPSC a few days after the declaration of UPSC Mains result 2022.

  • UPSC Prelims Exam is the screening test to select the candidates for the UPSC Mains exam. In this primary stage of the UPSC exam, candidates have to appear in two compulsory papers that are conducted on the same day through offline mode. The two papers are namely GS-1 and GS-2 (CSAT). GS-1 is a merit ranking in nature and on the other hand, CSAT is only qualifying in nature. 

  • UPSC eligibility criteria depend on many factors such as age, educational qualification, and nationality. To be eligible for the UPSC exam 2022 candidates must be a graduate of a recognized university. The age of the candidate should be between 21 to 32, however, age relaxation is given to certain categories. Also, the candidate should be a citizen of India.

  • The number of attempts allowed for the UPSC exam depends on the category of a candidate. Candidates from the general category get 6 attempts, whereas OBC candidates get 9 attempts. Candidates from SC/ST category get an unlimited number of attempts until the upper age limit is reached. For general/ OBC physically handicapped candidates the attempt is 9, and unlimited for SC/ST till age limited. For disabled servicemen number of attempts is unlimited till the maximum age limit.

  • Earlier in the official UPSC notification, the commission declared a total vacancy of 861, but recently the commission has increased the UPSC vacancy to 1011. Candidates who are interested in appearing for UPSC 2022 must apply for the exam before the last date of the application. 

  • The UPSC age limit varies according to the category of the candidate. For candidates from the general category, the age limit is 32. Those who belong to the OBC category have an age limit of 35. SC/ST candidates get an age relaxation of 5 years and hence the age limit for them would be 37. For physically handicapped candidates the USPC age limit is 42 years. 

  • UPSC posts for 24 different Civil Services and these posts are filled through the CSE (Civil Service Examination) conducted by the UPSC or Union Public Service Commission. Among all these Civil Services, Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Services (IPS), and Indian Foreign Services(IFS) are the most popular. 

  • UPSC application form 2022 has been released on 2nd February by UPSC on its official website. Those who are interested in taking this year’s test can fill out the UPSC application form 2022 that is available on the official website of UPSC by filling up the required details. After filling out the application form candidates have to upload the required scanned documents and make the payment.

  • There are two papers in the UPSC Prelims exam, whereas the UPSC Mains exam consists of nine papers of which two are for the optional subject. In the Prelims, exam candidates will be asked questions from History, Geography, General Science, Indian Polity, Economic and Social Development. Etc. The UPSC Mains comprises subjects like History, Governance, Technology, Ethics, etc. candidates get to choose any optional subject he/she like from the list of UPSC optional subjects.

  • The syllabus for UPSC Prelims and Mains are different from each other, however, there is some part of UPSC Prelims that overlap with that of UPSC Mains. UPSC Prelims syllabus comprises two papers namely General Studies-1 and CSAT. General Studies-1 focuses on topics like current affairs, history, geography, Indian polity, economic and social development, general science, general issues on environmental ecology, etc, CSAT Paper tests the reasoning and analytical skills of a candidate. UPSC Mains syllabus includes 9 papers that contain Indian Language, English, Essay, 4 General Studies Paper 2 are for the optional subject. 

  • Yes, candidates can apply for both IAS and IPS exams in UPSC 2022. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is the conducting body of the Civil Service Exam which includes posts like IAS, IPS, IFS,, etc. so a candidate can apply for both at a time.

  • UPSC exam is considered to be one of the toughest exams in the country, and those who are planning to appear for this exam need a solid preparation strategy. The candidates need to have a robust study schedule, and they need to abide by it. Additionally, candidates need to stay updated with the current events, follow the right study materials, and stay focused and dedicated. 

  • UPSC Prelims exam is the first round of the USPC exam, and to ace this exam, candidates need access to the right study materials. Following are some of the best books to fetch good marks in UPSC Prelims

    • NCERT Books
    • Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations by M. Laxmikanth (Polity)
    • Indian Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania. (Culture)
    • Oxford School Atlas by Oxford Publishers. (Geography)
    • Certificate Physical and Human Geography by Goh Cheng Leong. (Geography)
    • Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh. (Economy)
    • Economic Survey by the Ministry of Finance. (Economy)
    • India Year Book (Current Affairs)
    • A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Modern India)
    •  General Studies Paper 2 Manual by MHE (CSAT)


  • UPSC exam starts with a Preliminary round, and it includes two papers, General Studies-1 and CSAT. Both these papers are objective type, and the time duration of this exam is 2 hours, and each paper consists of 200 marks. Candidates who qualify for the UPSC Prelims will be eligible for the UPSC Mains exam. The UPSC Mains exam has a total of 9 papers, and the time duration for each paper is 3 hours. Paper A and Paper B carry 300 marks each, and the other papers hold 250 marks each. 

  • The UPSC salary is different for different posts. For example, the entry-level IAS salary is 56100 whereas TA, DA, and HRA are extra, and the IPS officer salary is also around 56,000 excluding the TA, DA. And HRA. the salary of an IAS or IPS officer increases with promotions. 

  • Candidates preparing for UPSC Exam 2022 must fully utilize the last 30 days before the prelims exam and ensure that revision is the first priority. Revise all the subjects of the UPSC Exam in an orderly fashion and note the topics that need more effort. Solve at least 2 mock test everyday for both Paper 1 and Paper 2.

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