GATE Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering 2023

GATE Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering 2023

ByMohit Uniyal  |  Updated on: Nov 10, 2022
Check the GATE syllabus for Mechanical Engineering in detail. Find out all important topics of the GATE Mechanical syllabus 2023 and download the syllabus PDF here.
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IIT Kanpur released GATE Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering 2023 on their official portal. It contains a list of all the important topics for the upcoming GATE ME exam. The important sections in the GATE syllabus for Mechanical Engineering are Applied Mechanics Design, Manufacturing Industrial Engineering, Engineering Mathematics, Fluid Mechanics, Thermal Sciences, and Materials. Candidates are advised to review the complete GATE Mechanical syllabus 2023 and download a copy for effective exam preparation.

A detailed description of the GATE Syllabus For Mechanical Engineering 2023 is provided in the sections given below, along with a brief break-up of each section covered in the syllabus. A downloadable copy of the same is also provided here.

GATE Syllabus For Mechanical Engineering 2023

GATE syllabus for Mechanical Engineering 2023 is the collection of topics considered while creating the question paper for the upcoming GATE exam. No new major changes are seen in the syllabus this year from the previous year. Candidates planning to appear for the GATE Mechanical 2023 exam must be familiar with the syllabus and important topics for fruitful preparation.

The ME syllabus for the GATE 2023 exam has various important topics, such as Vibration isolation, Theory of Machines, etc., which are distributed into 5 major sections, including General Aptitude and Engineering Mathematics. The sections in the GATE syllabus for Mechanical Engineering 2023 are:

GATE Mechanical Syllabus 2023 PDF

Candidates can keep the PDF of the GATE Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering 2023 at hand for the entire preparation period. This will help them keep track of their preparation and list pending topics they need to cover in the coming days. Download the PDF from the link provided here:

GATE Mechanical Syllabus 2023 PDF

General Aptitude Syllabus

The General Aptitude section carries 4 major parts:

  • Verbal Aptitude,
  • Quantitative Aptitude,
  • Analytical Aptitude, and
  • Spatial Aptitude.

Check out the topics covered in the General Aptitude section of the GATE Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering 2023 in the table provided below:



Verbal Aptitude

Basic English grammar such as tenses, articles, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions, verb-noun agreement, and other parts of speech

Basic vocabularies such as words, idioms, and phrases in context

Reading and comprehension

Narrative sequencing

Quantitative Aptitude

Data interpretation that includes data graphs (bar graphs, pie charts, and other graphs representing data), 2- and 3-dimensional plots, maps, and tables

Numerical computation and estimation that includes ratios, percentages, powers, exponents and logarithms, permutations and combinations, and series

Mensuration and geometry Elementary statistics and probability

Analytical Aptitude

Logic: deduction and induction Analogy Numerical relations and reasoning

Spatial Aptitude

Transformation of shapes such as translation, rotation, scaling, mirroring, assembling, and grouping Paper folding, cutting, and patterns in 2 and 3 dimensions.

Engineering Mathematics Syllabus

The Engineering Mathematics section of the GATE syllabus for Mechanical Engineering 2023 carries 5 major sections: Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics, and Numerical Methods. Check out the topics covered in the Engineering Mathematics section of the GATE Mechanical syllabus in detail:

  • Linear Algebra: It comprises Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, and Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors.
  • Calculus: This section of the Engineering Mathematics syllabus comprises the following topics: Functions of a single variable, Limit, Continuity, Differentiability, Mean value theorems, Indeterminate forms, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Double and triple integrals, Partial derivatives, total derivative, etc.
  • Differential Equations: This section of Engineering Mathematics comprises a few topics that are given below:
  • First-order equations (linear and nonlinear)
  • Higher-order linear differential equations with constant coefficients
  • Euler-Cauchy equation
  • Initial and boundary value problems
  • Laplace transforms
  • Solutions of heat, wave and Laplace's equations
  • Probability and Statistics: This section of the GATE Mechanical syllabus comprises a few definitions and theorems, which are definitions of probability, sampling theorems, conditional probability, the mean, median, mode, and standard deviation, random variables, binomial, Poisson, and normal distributions.
  • Numerical Methods: This part of the GATE syllabus for Mechanical Engineering carries the following topics:
  • Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations
  • Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules
  • Single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

Applied Mechanics and Design Syllabus

The Applied Mechanics and Design section of the GATE Mechanical syllabus 2023 carries the 5 major topics: Engineering Mechanics, Mechanics of Materials, Machine Design, Vibrations, and Theory of Machines. We have elaborated on each subtopic covered in these topics below:

Engineering Mechanics carries a few topics that are an essential part of the GATE Mechanical exam, including:

  • Free-body diagrams and Equilibrium
  • Trusses and frames
  • Virtual work
  • Impulse and momentum (linear and angular) and energy formulations, collisions
  • Kinematics and dynamics of particles and rigid bodies in plane motion

Mechanics of Materials

The Mechanics of Materials focuses on the deformation of solid materials and the quantitative description of the motion. The mechanics of Material section of the GATE Mechanical syllabus 2023 carries the given topics:

  • Stress and Strain, Elastic constants, Bending and shear stresses, Poisson's ratio, Deflection of beams, Mohr’s circle for plane stress and plane strain, Torsion of circular shafts, Shear force and bending moment diagrams, Euler’s theory of columns, Thin cylinders, Thermal stresses, Energy methods, Strain gauges and rosettes, Testing of materials with the universal testing machine, Testing of hardness and impact strength.

Theory of Machines

Theory of Machines subjects deals with the study of relative motion between the elements of a machine and the relative forces that act on them. The subtopics covered in this topic of the GATE Mechanical syllabus include:

  • Displacement, velocity, and acceleration analysis of plane mechanisms
  • Dynamic analysis of linkages
  • Cams
  • Gears and gear trains
  • Flywheels and governors
  • Balancing of reciprocating and rotating masses
  • Gyroscope


The vibrations subject of the GATE syllabus for Mechanical Engineering 2023 deals with the oscillating motion of elastic bodies and their relative forces. It includes Free and forced vibration of a single degree of freedom systems, the effect of damping, Vibration isolation, Resonance, Critical speeds of shafts, and Machine Design.

Machine Design

Machine design deals with the application of engineering mechanics and the Strength of materials during the planning stage of various machine elements like clutches, bearings, springs, gears, brakes, etc. The subtopics of this topic include

  • Design for static and dynamic loading
  • Failure theories
  • Fatigue strength and the S-N diagram
  • Principles of the design of machine elements such as bolted, riveted and welded joints
  • Shafts, springs, gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings, brakes, and clutches.

Fluid Mechanics & Thermal Sciences

The Fluid Mechanics section of Mechanical Engineering is concerned with the mechanics of fluids (like liquids, gases, and plasmas) and the relative forces acting on them. Thermal Science deals with studying heat and its healing effects in different circumstances. GATE ME syllabus topics included in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences are below.

Fluid Mechanics

Fluid properties

Fluid statics, manometry, and buoyancy, forces on submerged bodies, the stability of floating bodies

Control-volume analysis of mass, momentum, and energy

Fluid acceleration

Differential equations of continuity and momentum

Bernoulli’s equation

Dimensional analysis

The viscous flow of incompressible fluids, boundary layer, elementary turbulent flow, flow through pipes, head losses in pipes, bends, and fittings.


Modes of heat transfer

One-dimensional heat conduction, resistance concept and electrical analogy, heat transfer through fins

Unsteady heat conduction, lumped parameter system, Heisler's charts

Thermal boundary layer, dimensionless parameters in free and forced convective heat transfer, heat transfer correlations for flow over flat plates and through pipes, the effect of turbulence

Heat exchanger performance, LMTD and NTU methods

Radiative heat transfer, Stefan-Boltzmann law, Wien's displacement law, black and grey surfaces, view factors, radiation network analysis.


Thermodynamic systems and processes

Properties of pure substances, the behavior of ideal and real gases

Zeroth and first laws of thermodynamics, calculation of work and heat in various processes

The second law of thermodynamics

Thermodynamic property charts and tables, availability and irreversibility

Thermodynamic relations


Power Engineering

Air and gas compressors

Vapour and gas power cycles, concepts of regeneration and reheat. I.C.

Engines: Air-standard Otto, Diesel, and dual cycles

Refrigeration and air-conditioning: Vapour and gas refrigeration and heat pump cycles

Properties of moist air, psychrometric chart, basic psychrometric processes

Turbomachinery: Impulse and reaction principles, velocity diagrams, Pelton-wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbines.

Materials, Manufacturing, and Industrial Engineering

The 5th major section of the GATE Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering 2023 is Materials, Manufacturing, and Industrial Engineering. The topics covered in this section are:

Engineering Materials

  1. Structure and properties of engineering materials
  2. Phase diagrams
  3. Heat treatment
  4. Stress-strain diagrams for engineering materials

Casting, Forming and Joining Processes

Casting, Forming, and Joining Processes carry subtopics such as Different types of castings, the design of patterns, molds, and cores, Solidification and cooling, riser and gating design, Plastic deformation and yield criteria, Fundamentals of hot and cold working processes, Load estimation for bulk (forging, rolling, extrusion, drawing) and sheet (shearing, deep drawing, bending) metal forming processes, Principles of powder metallurgy, Principles of welding, brazing, soldering and adhesive bonding.

Machining and Machine Tool Operation

Machining and Machine Tool Operations topics of the GATE syllabus for Mechanical Engineering carry Mechanics of machining, basic machine tools, Single and multi-point cutting tools, tool geometry and materials, tool life and wear, Economics of machining, Principles of non-traditional machining processes, Principles of work holding, and the design of jigs and fixtures.

The other topics covered in this section of the GATE syllabus for Mechanical Engineering are:

Metrology and Inspection

  • Limits, fits, and tolerances
  • Linear and angular measurements
  • Comparators
  • Gauge design
  • Interferometry
  • Form and finish measurement
  • Alignment and testing methods
  • Tolerance analysis in manufacturing and assembly
  • Metrology and Inspection

Computer Integrated Manufacturing

Basic concepts of CAD/CAM and their integration tools

Production Planning and Control

  • Forecasting models
  • Aggregate production planning
  • Scheduling
  • Materials requirement planning

Inventory Control

  • Deterministic models
  • Safety stock inventory control systems

Operations Research

  • Linear programming
  • Simplex method
  • Transportation
  • Assignment
  • Network flow models
  • Simple queuing models
  • PERT and CPM

Best Books For GATE Syllabus For Mechanical Engineering 2023

Check out the list of some essential books for the GATE syllabus for Mechanical Engineering 2023, which will help candidates build a strong base for the upcoming exam.

Topics Covered

Name of the Book and Author

Engineering Mechanics

Engineering Mechanics- New Age International by S S Bhavikatti


Production Technology: Manufacturing Processes, Technology and Automation by R K Jain


Engineering Thermodynamics by P K Nag

Industrial Engineering

Industrial Engineering and Management by O P Khanna

Material Science

Material Science and Metallurgy by U C Jindal


Mechanical Vibrations by G K Grover

Machine Theory

The Theory of Machines by S S Ratan

Heat Transfer

Fundamentals of Engineering Heat and Mass Transfer by R C Sachdeva


A Modern Approach to Verbal Non-Verbal Reasoning by R S Aggarwal

Material Strength

Strength of Materials by James M Gere, Stephen P Timoshenko

GATE Mechanical Syllabus 2023 FAQs

  • GATE Syllabus For Mechanical Engineering 2023 is a collection of topics important for the upcoming exam. It comprises 3 major sections apart from General Aptitude (G.A) and Engineering Mathematics. The major sections under the GATE syllabus for Mechanical Engineering are Applied Mechanics Design, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering, Fluid Mechanics, Thermal Sciences and Materials.

  • According to the exam conducting authority, there are only three major sections covered in the GATE Mechanical syllabus 2023 as given below:

    • General Aptitude
    • Engineering Mathematics and
    • Mechanical Engineering based topics
  • This year IIT Kanpur got the chance to conduct the GATE exam hence IIT Kanpur released the GATE Mechanical syllabus 2023. Only the exam conducting authority releases the syllabus of that year.

  • The GATE exam authority did not change the marking scheme this year. It remained the same as previous. The deduction of marks if attempted wrong also remained unchanged. The marking scheme for GATE Mechanical syllabus 2023 is given below:

    • For MCQs of 1 mark: 1/3 negative marking if attempted wrong
    • For MCQs of 2 Marks: 2/3 negative marking if attempted wrong
    • For NATs and MSQs, no negative marking if attempted wrong
  • The subject that remains the same for all disciplines in the GATE exam was General Aptitude. Although the Engineering Mathematics section was also common for various disciplines except for AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH and XL. Other than these two subjects, no other subject was common with any discipline.

  • We have discussed in detail the GATE Mechanical syllabus 2023 here. Also, candidates can find the GATE syllabus for Mechanical Engineering in the official portal. Candidates can download the PDF of the entire syllabus from any of the above-mentioned platforms.

  • According to the GATE Mechanical syllabus 2023, the important topics that are covered by the official authority in the ME discipline are given below:

    • General Aptitude.
    • Engineering Mathematics.
    • Applied Mechanics Design.
    • Fluid Mechanics, Thermal Sciences and Materials.
    • Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering.
  • The subjects in the GATE Mechanical syllabus are Applied Mechanics & Design, Fluid Mechanics, Thermal Sciences and Materials, Engineering Mathematics, and Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering. These subjects will carry 72 marks in the GATE exam.