Child Development and Pedagogy
The concept of development and its relationship with learning
Principles of the development of children
Influence of Heredity & Environment
Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
Piaget, Kohlberg, and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
Concepts of child-centred and progressive education
Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
Multi-Dimensional Intelligence Language & Thought
Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice
Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.
The distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.
The concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs
Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc.
Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners
Learning and Pedagogy
How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.
Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
Cognition & Emotions
Motivation and learning
Factors contributing to learning – personal & environmental
English / Hindi Language
Language Comprehension Reading unseen passages –
Questions based on the passage, including antonyms and synonyms from the passage or prose or drama or poem.
grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)
Pedagogy of Language Development
Learning and acquisition
Principles of Language Teaching
Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
A critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
Teaching-learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, a multilingual resource for the classroom
Geometry - Circle, Triangle, Rectangle, Square and related theorems
Shapes and Spatial Understanding
Solids around us - Cube, Cuboid, Cone, Cylinder, Sphere, Hemisphere etc.
Number System - LCM, HCF, Factors, Unit digit, Digit Sum etc.
BODMAS - Simplifications including Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, and Division
Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking; understanding children’s thinking and reasoning patterns and strategies of making meaning and learning
Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
Language of Mathematics
Evaluation through formal and informal methods
Problems of Teaching
Ratio and Proportion
Speed Time & Distance
Profit & Loss
Time & Work
in Meaningful order or Dictionary order
Haryana General Knowledge
Culture of Haryana
Environment - Haryana
Economy/Polity of Haryana
Misc. GK- Sports, Books, Dates, Schemes
Work and Play
Concept and scope of EVS
Significance of EVS integrated EVS
Environmental Studies & Environmental Education
Scope & relation to Science & Social Science
Approaches to presenting concepts
Teaching material/Aids Problems