[Updated] List of Important & Famous Temples in India | Holy Places - GK Notes 2022

By Ashwini Shivhare|Updated : July 28th, 2022

Today we are presenting an article on "Famous Temples in India”. Must read this article to know about the significance & importance of the temples in India. As there are so many SSC & Railways Exams scheduled to be conducted this year like RRB Group D 2022, SSC CGL 2022, SSC CHSL 2022 etc. Therefore, this article will help in your preparation for the General Awareness section for upcoming exams like SSC & Railway exams 2022.

Temple which is called “Mandira” in Sanskrit is a house of worship. Temples in India reflect the cultural glory and history of a place. In India, a temple is considered as a place where humans spiritually connect with God. Temples are built on the principles of Vastu shastra, known as “Shilpa Shashtra”. It is a symbolic, miniature representation of the cosmos.

 List of Important Temples in India 2022

Famous Temples in India

Temples in India

State

Features/facts

Virupaksha Temple

Karnataka

  • It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Hampi district of Bellari.
  • Lakkana Dandesha, a chieftain under the Vijayanagara Empire's monarch Deva Raya II, built it.

Lord Venkateswara Temple

Andhra Pradesh

  • Tirumala Hills Temple is also known as Tirupathi Balaji.
  • The temple is built in the Dravidian architectural style.

Somnath Temple

Gujarat

  • Prabhas Patan and Deo Patan are two more names for Prabhas Patan. It is one of Lord Shiva's 12 jyotirlinga shrines.
  • From Somnath temple to Antarctica, there is no land between the waters.
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel refurbished the temple in 1947.
  • Chalukya-style construction

Dwarkadhish Temple

Gujarat

  • Jagat Mandir is another name for it. It's one of four Hindu pilgrimages (Char Dham).
  • Mahmud Brgada demolished the original building in 1472.
  • Currently, in the Chalukya architectural style.

Mahabodhi Temple

Bihar

  • It is a Buddhist Stupa in Bodhgaya that was found about 260 BC.
  • The Mahabodhi Central Tower stands 180 feet (54 metres) tall.
  • The brickwork represents Buddha's life.

Vaishno Devi Temple

Jammu & Kashmir

  • Trikuta Hills, 5200 feet above sea level. It's a Cave temple.

Amarnath Temple

Jammu & Kashmir

  • A cave temple at an elevation of 3888 metres.
  • Amarnath is one of the 51 Shakti Peeths, and Bhrigu Muni was the first to discover it.

Sabarimala Temple

Kerala

  • Largest annual pilgrimage sites in the world with an estimate of over 40 to 50 million devotees visiting every year
  • The temple is situated on a hilltop amidst eighteen hills at an altitude of 1260 m (4,134 ft) above sea level, and is surrounded by mountains and dense forests.
  • The temple is dedicated to a Hindu Brahmachari (Celibate) deity Ayyappan

mahabodhi temple

Image: Bodhi Temple - Gaya

Famous Temples in India

Temples in India

Temples in India

Temples in India

Khajuraho Temple

Madhya Pradesh

  • They are a set of temples constructed by the monarchs of the Chandela Dynasty.
  • There were 85 temples spread throughout a 9-square-mile region, with barely 25 temples intact.
  • Known for its nagara-style architecture and abundant erotic sculptures.

Sanchi Stupa

Madhya Pradesh

  • It is the best example of Mauryan sculpture and was commissioned by Emperor Ashoka.
  • It is India's oldest stone building.
  • The renowned Ashoka pillar, i.e. four lions, similar to that of Sarnath, can also be seen at Sanchi and is built in a Greco-Buddhist style.
  • It symbolises Buddha, i.e. a sign of his ultimate liberation from the cycle of life and reincarnation known as Parinirvana or "Final Dying."

Gomateshwara Temple

Karnataka

  • The world's highest monolithic statue, constructed from a single piece of granite.
  • It is a 57-foot-tall Jain temple.
  • One of the world's largest free-standing monuments showing Bahubali's lengthy meditation.

Konark Sun Temple

Odisha

  • During the Ganga Empire, King Narasimhadeva I (AD 1238-1264) built it in the 13th century.
  • It is envisioned as a massive Sun God chariot constructed in Kalinga architecture.

Jagannath Temple

Odisha

  • Yamanika Tirtha is another name.
  • This Puri temple is well-known for its yearly chariot event, Ratha Yatra.
  • King Indradyumna commissioned the first Jagannath temple.
  • The temple is dedicated to three deities: Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra.

Siddhivinayak Temple

Maharashtra

  • In 1801, Laxman Vithu and Dubai Patil built it
  • It is India's richest temple.

Padmanabhaswamy Temple

Kerala

  • Built-in a mix of Chera and Dravidian architectural styles.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Image: Somnath Temple - Gujarat

Famous Temples in India

Temples in India

State

Features/facts

Gangotri Temple

Uttarakhand

  • on the banks of the Bhagirathi River at an elevation of 3,415 metres (11,204 ft)

Badrinath Temple

Uttarakhand

  • It is located in Garhwal hill along the banks of the Alaknanda River at an elevation of 3,133 metres (10,279 feet) above mean sea level.
  • The temple appears in ancient religious books such as the Vishnu Purana and the Skanda Purana.

Yamunotri Temple

Uttarakhand

  • It is set against the background of Bandarpunch at a height of 3,291 metres (10,797 ft).
  • Dedicated to Yamuna, the goddess of water.

Vishwanath Temple

Uttar Pradesh

  • When Qutb-ud-din Aibak overthrew the Raja of Kannauj in 1194 CE, his troops demolished the old Vishwanath temple.
  • Jnana Vapi, often spelled Gyaan Vapi, is a tiny well in the temple.
  • Emperor Aurangzeb demolished the temple and replaced it with the Gyanvapi Mosque in 1669 CE.
  • Ahilyabai Holkar, Malhar Rao's daughter-in-law, built the current temple in 1780.

Golden Temple Guard

Image - Golden Temple in Amritsar

Famous Temples in India

Temples in India

State

Features/facts

Ramanathaswamy Temple

Tamil Nadu

  • The Char Dham is one of the Char Dhams.
  • One of the twelve Jyotirlinga temples constructed in the 12th century.
  • Among all Hindu temples in India, it has the longest corridor.
  • Creators of Dravidian Architecture - Pandyas and Jaffina Kings
  • In and around the island of Rameswaram, there are 64 Trthas, or holy water sources.

Golden Temple

Punjab

  • The temple, which was built in the 15th century, is also known by the name Harmindar Sahib.
  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh's riches and materials were used to plate the temple in gold in 1980.

Ranganathaswamy Temple

Tamil Nadu

  • One of the most significant of the 108 (divya Desam)Vishnu Temples.
  • Built in the Vijayanagar period in Dravidian style.
  • The first temple to be recognised by the UN Body for safeguarding and conserving cultural assets is located on an island created by two rivers: the Cauvery and the Coleroon. Its Gopuram is the largest in Asia.

Meenakshi Temple

Tamil Nadu

  • Built by King Kulasekara Pandya during the 12th and 13th centuries.
  • There are about 40 inscriptions and Dravidian architecture.
  • There are 985 finely carved pillars depicting scenes from Meenakshi (Parvati) and Sundareswarar's wedding (Shiva).
  • It is well-known for its three-story Gopuram at the main entrance.

Nataraja Temple

Tamil Nadu

  • Built in the 10th century when Chidambaram was the Chola dynasty's capital.
  • It is one of South India's oldest preserved active temple complexes
  • The temple wall carvings depict all 108 karanas from Bharata Muni's Natya Shastra, these postures serve as the foundation for Bharatanatyam, a classical Indian dance.

Rajagopalaswamy Temple

Tamil Nadu

  • It is also known as Dakshina Dwaraka and was designed in the Dravidian style.
  • Haridra Nadhi, one of India's biggest Temple tanks, is located here.

Brihadeeswara Temple

Tamil Nadu

  • Thanjavur's Raja Rajeswara Temple is also known as Raja Rajeswara Temple.
  • Raja Raja Chola I, the Chola ruler, erected this Dravidian-style temple.
  • One of India's tallest temples, built entirely of granite.
  • Along with Gangaikonda Cholapuram temple and Airavatesvara temple, it is one of the Great Living Chola Temples.
  • It is also known as Dakshin Meru and is located on the Cauvery River's bank.

Ram Temple (Important)

Uttar Pradesh (Ayodhya)

  • Birthplace of Lord Ram also called 'Ram Janmbhumi'
  • 5 August 2020: PM Modi attends foundation ceremony by laying a 40 kg Silver Brick

 

Related Articles:
SSC & Railway ExamsSSC CPO Exam
SSC CGL ExamSSC MTS Exam
SSC CHSL ExamSSC Steno Exam
SSC GD Constable Exam 

All The Best !!!

DREAM, STRIVE & SUCCEED With US!

Check OUT: 

Prepare for SSC Exams 2021-22 with BYJU'S Exam Prep Course 

SSC Success Batch: A comprehensive 10 Months Foundation Course | Available in English and Hindi 

3 Crore+ Registered Aspirants | 2.5 Crore Downloads  | 50,000+ Selectionsbyjusexamprep

Ace Your Preparation Subscribe to BYJU'S Exam Prep Test Series

Comments

write a comment

SSC & Railway

CGLSSC GDDFCCILCHSLCPONTPCMTSStenoGroup DDelhi PoliceOthersCoursesMock Test

Follow us for latest updates