Properties of Solid, Liquid, Gas

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

The properties of Solid, Liquid, Gas are different. As the three different states of matter, solid, liquid and gases have their own unique properties. These also help us distinguish them from each other. Solids have definite shapes and volumes. Liquids have a definite volume but no fixed shape. Gases have no definite shape or volume. The solids cannot be compressed whereas liquids are slightly compressed and gases are easily compressed.

Solid, Liquid, Gas

There are three types of states of matter. These states are solid, liquid, and gas. The state of matter can be changed by changing the pressure applied to them. Each state of matter has its own properties which makes them distinct. Properties of Solid, Liquid, Gas are different and can be used to understand how states of matter interact with each other.

Properties of Solids

The different properties of solids are listed below.

  • The shape and volume of a solid are fixed.
  • Solids are not compressible.
  • The density of solids is high.
  • There is a significant force of attraction between the particles in a solid.
  • The distance between solids’ particles is minuscule.

Properties of Liquids

The properties of liquids are provided below.

  • Liquids lack a definite shape but do have a fixed volume.
  • The ability to mildly compress liquids. To compress them, a lot of pressure is needed.
  • Liquids are less dense than solids.
  • The attraction between molecules is weaker than that between solids.
  • There is a lot of room between the particles.

Properties of Gases

The various properties of gases are listed below.

  • Neither the shape nor the volume of a gas is fixed.
  • Gases are easily compressed
  • Among the three states of matter, gases have the lowest density.
  • The weakest attractional forces are between molecules.
  • There is a lot of space between the gas particle.


Properties of Solid, Liquid, Gas

The properties of solid, liquid, gas help distinguish them. Solids have distinct volumes and shapes. Despite having a permanent shape, liquids have a fixed volume. Gases lack definite volume and shape. While liquids can be mildly compressed, and gases can be easily compressed, solids cannot be compressed.

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