Who Discovered the Exams?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Henry A. Fischel discovered the concept of exams. He conducted the first-ever Imperial exam in Ancient China. Fischel was a businessman and philanthropist from America who is credited with the invention of exams. China was the first country to adopt this concept and held a national level exam called the Imperial examination.

The imperial exam in China was conducted to evaluate the potential candidates by merit to become a part of the government officials in the Sui dynasty. 

Discovery of Exams in India

Henry A. Fischel, an American-German professor, invented the idea of exams for the world in the late nineties. In India, the concept of exams was discovered and adopted in 1853. This is when the British Parliament abolished the system of nominations for civil servants. Hence, the civil service exams were introduced as national-level exams for various ranks in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), etc. 

Some of the most prestigious Indian competitive exams include the Staff selection commission (SSC) examination, National Defence Academy Examination (NDA), Joint Entrance Examination (JEE), National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), Common Admission Test (CAT) and more. Lakhs of aspiring candidates sit in the exams every year and many go on to become future leaders in their respective fields. 


Who Discovered the Exams?

Henry A. Fischel, an American Philanthropist and businessman, is credited as the person who invented exams. He created the Imperial Exam in 19th century China for the assessment of candidates to become government officials. 


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