What is Normalization in SSC Exams & How it Can Affect Your Marks?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

What is Normalization in SSC Exams? Staff Selection Commission has successfully conducted the SSC CGL Tier 2 exam from 2 to 7th March 2023. One of the most common questions that candidates ask regarding the result is – What is normalization in SSC CGL?

In this article, we are going to provide you with information regarding the Normalization of SSC Exams 2023. We are also answering important questions like Does Accuracy Matter in Normalisation in SSC? Read the article for complete information about the Normalisation in SSC CGL in detail.

What is Normalisation in SSC?

Nowadays, a number of exams are being conducted in multiple shifts and it is not possible to set the same difficulty level for the exam. Due to this, the marks scored by the candidates in different shifts vary. Now, the challenge is how to elucidate this problem.

The answer to this question is Normalization.

What is the Process of Normalization in SSC Exams?

  • Normalization is a process to adjust values measured on different scales to a notionally common scale.
  • It is done to evaluate the performance of the candidates on the basis of similar exam parameters and aims to adjust the difficulty level across different shifts of the exam.
  • Eg: Last Year, SSC conducted Tier 1 in more than 40 shifts and a lot of students from various shifts were complaining about unevenness in the difficulty level of the questions and it was unfair to evaluate their results as it was not their fault to lie in that particular shift.
  • For example, the average marks, scored by the students in the first shift were 110 out of 200 and in the second shift students were able to score 125 out of 200. The reason was the difference in the difficulty level of the question paper & hence the aspirants were unable to score more in the second shift.
  • To tackle this situation, SSC is now following the process of normalization.
  • This time SSC, in its all official notifications, has clearly stated that the Tier 1 and Tier 2 marks scored by the candidates will be normalized.
  • The normalization process uses a formula for evaluating the score. However, it depends upon the commission and which formulae it uses.
  • Marks scored by the candidates and the actual number of valid questions in the various shifts are taken as input. There are various formulas which can be used for the process. 

SSC Normalization Formula


Calculation of marks will be done up to 5 decimal places.

From now, students need not worry about easy or difficult shifts. Just stay focused on your preparation and work hard to crack this opportunity as other things will be taken care with the help of the Normalization process.

Normalisation in SSC CGL

It is necessary to use the SSC CGL Normalization Scheme to adjust applicants’ scores based on a variety of variables, including the number of candidates who showed up for a given shift, the difficulty level of each shift, the overall number of shifts, etc. Even though the board makes every effort to produce similar papers, it is impossible due to the fact that the SSC CGL is administered in several shifts over a number of days. Thus, the SSC CGL Normalization Process is required to ensure that everything is fair for each candidate and that they are all given an equal chance. 

Does Accuracy Matter in Normalisation in SSC?

Normalization of marks in the SSC exam depends on certain factors like:

  1. Your raw score
  2. Your Shift – Average marks of all candidates in your shift
  3. Average marks of all candidates in all shifts.

There are lots of candidates who claim that normalization depends on accuracy but it is not the case. Normalization of marks depends on various factors given above but not accuracy. as we have seen from the formula above, normalization doesn’t depend on accuracy. 

Important points regarding Normalization of marks in SSC 

  • The highest marks in a particular shift.
  • The average marks in a particular shift. 
  • If the highest marks are sky soaring and the average is also good then the benefit of normalization is going to be the minimum.

Minimum Qualifying Marks for SSC CGL Exam

Minimum Qualifying Marks for SSC CGL Exam are given below for Tier-I, Section-I, Section-II & Module-I of Section-III of Paper-I of Tier-II, Paper-II & Paper-III of Tier-II Examination for various categories.


Minimum Qualifying Marks





All other categories 


For complete preparation, candidates are advised to go through the Online Coaching and Mock Tests by BYJU’S Exam Prep for SSC & Railways exam 2023.

All the Best


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