Shaheed Diwas 2022: Saluting the Sacrifice of our three Great Heroes

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Shaheed Diwas (Martyr’s Day) is observed every year on 23rd January in India. It was on this day in 1931 that Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were executed by the British government. This article will provide you with all the information about the Shaheed Diwas.

Shaheed Diwas, which is also known as Martyrs’ Day is celebrated to honour the valour and commitment of those who sacrificed their lives for the country. On this day, our revolutionary freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar were hanged to death by the British rulers of India in 1931. They were hanged in Lahore’s Central Jail.

Our Tribute to Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev & Rajguru

Every Indian has the power to do anything and everything for their motherland INDIA.

We got this dedication and power from our great leaders Sir Bhagat Singh, Sir Sukhdev & Sir Rajguru.


A letter written by Bhagat Singh..

 “Leave sentimentalism aside. Be prepared to face the facts. Revolution is a very difficult task. It is beyond the power of any man to make a revolution. Neither can it be brought about on any appointed date. It is brought about by special environments, social and economic. The function of an organised party is to utilise such an opportunity offered by these circumstances. To prepare the masses and organize the forces for the revolution is a very difficult task. And that requires a very great sacrifice on the part of the revolutionary workers.”

— Bhagat Singh in a letter “To the young political workers”, 2 February 1931


In the prime of their youth, these 3 brave men sacrificed their lives so that generations after them can breathe the air of freedom

Let’s take a look on our three great freedom fighters.

Bhagat Singh

  • Indian revolutionary socialist who was influential in the Indian independence movement.
  • Born into a JAT Punjabi Sikh family which had earlier been involved in revolutionary activities against the British Raj, he studied European revolutionary movements as a teenager and was attracted to anarchist and Marxist ideologies.
  • He worked with several revolutionary organisations and became prominent in the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), which changed its name to the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928.

In 1919, when he was twelve years old, Singh visited the site of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre hours after thousands of unarmed people gathered at a public meeting had been killed. When he was fourteen years old, he was among those in his village who welcomed protesters against the killing of a large number of unarmed people at Gurudwara Nankana Sahib on 20 February 1921.


Sukhdev Thapar

  • He was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), and organized revolutionary cells in Punjab and other areas of North India.
  • He also taught at the National College in Lahore, where he and other revolutionaries also established the Naujawan Bharat Sabha, an organization involved in various activities intended mainly to prepare youths for the struggle for independence and putting an end to communalism.
  • He is best remembered for his involvement in the Lahore Conspiracy Case of 18 December 1928 and its aftermath.

Shivaram Hari Rajguru

  • He was an Indian revolutionary from Maharashtra, known mainly for his involvement in the assassination of a British Raj police officer.
  • He was born at Khed, near Pune, India. 
  • He was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, who wanted India to be freed from British rule by any means necessary.
  • He believed that ferocity against oppression was far more effective against British rule than the nonviolent civil disobedience preferred by Mahatma Gandhi.

Rajguru became a colleague of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev, and took part in the assassination of a British police officer, J. P. Saunders, at Lahore in 1928. Their actions were to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai who had died a fortnight after being hit by police while on a march protesting the Simon Commission.

Another Martyr’s Day

  • Apart from 23rd March, 30th January each year is also marked the death anniversary of the father of nation, Mahatma Gandhi. The day is also known as Martyrs’ Day to commemorate his death anniversary for sacrificing their lives for our nation.


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