RPF Full Form: Know What RPF Stands For

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

RPF full form is the Railway Protection Force of India. It is one of the esteemed security forces in our country. As the name suggests, the RPF is tasked with the protection of passengers and property of the Indian Railways. RPF comes under the authority of the Ministry of Railways and is the only Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) in India that has the right to investigate, prosecute and arrest criminals. The superior RPF officers are recruited into the force through the Civil Services Examination, which is taken by lakhs of aspirants annually.

Furthermore, the Railway Protection Force is headed by the IPS Officer rank of Direct General and is assisted by various other officers who are also selected through the Civil Services Examination. Exams held by the force itself are used to recruit subordinate officers for the Railway Protection Force. The following article provides details on the RPF Full Form, Roles and Responsibilities, Salary, and Units.

What is the RPF Full Form?

The RPF Full Form is Railway Protection Force. It is a special security force in India responsible for protecting Railway passengers and property. RPF comes under the authority of the Indian Railways and has the power to arrest, prosecute and investigate people who are found damaging and stealing railway property and committing other crimes inside railway premises. 

The Railway Protection Force Act, 1957, passed by the Indian Parliament, established the Railway Protection Force (RPF), a security force that is under the control of Indian Railways, the Ministry of Railways, and the Government of India, for he better protection and security of railway property and passenger area. The Railway Property Act of 1966 and The Railways Act of 1989 provide it the authority to search, detain, investigate, and bring legal action against those who violate them. However, the Government Railway Police (GRP) of the state police have the authority to make arrests in accordance with other criminal laws. The Indian Ministry of Railways is in charge of the force.

The Civil Services Examination is used to select all officers of the Railway Protection Force, who are all employees of the Indian Railway Protection Force Service. They are hired as Group-A Central Civil Servants. However, recruitment is also done for different positions like sub-inspectors and constables. The Ministry of Railways, Government of India, conducts the RPF exam to fill these positions.

Roles and Responsibilities of RPF

The security of passengers and property of the Indian Railways is ensured by the RPF and the Government Railway Police (GRP). After knowing the RPF Full Form, candidates must know and understand the roles and responsibilities of RPF, which are provided below.

  • RPF is responsible for ensuring the smooth movement of railway traffic and removing any obstructions to the passenger or movement of trains.
  • RPF also has the power to arrest criminals who perform unlawful activities like possessing railway property.
  • The Railway Protection Force provides services such as controlling access to railway premises and providing general security.
  • RPF officers are responsible for providing security cover to all the passengers traveling by trains in areas that are deemed vulnerable.
  • Providing security cover to passenger trains in vulnerable areas.
  • Providing services such as control of access to railway premises, general security, and regulation of premises used by passengers.
  • RPF Security Management System provides maintenance and enhancement.
  • Preventing the trafficking of women and children and assisting in the rehabilitation of those identified in need on railroad property.

RPF Full Form: Salary

RPF Salary serves as a motivating factor for applicants who want to join the force. The salary of an RPF Constable might range from 3.5 to 4 lakhs, and a respectable raise is given each year. That’s not all, though. Additionally, they receive a variety of benefits and allowances, which is a massive attraction for this position.

In addition to the basic RPF salary, allowances may also include travel expenses, dearness expenses, and HRA. The Pay Band of RPF Constable is 21,700/- plus usual allowances; for SI, the salary is 35,400/- plus other allowances as admissible to Central Government Employees.

Railway Protection Force Powers

The following powers are conferred upon the force to enable them to smoothly discharge their duties:

  • The authority to conduct investigations, pursue legal action and detain anyone who violates the Railways Act of 1890.
  • The authority to remove barriers that hinder rail transportation or passengers, such as unauthorized buildings and encroachments.
  • Discretionary authority to use lethal and non-lethal force as necessary to carry out their tasks.

Units Under RPF

After understanding the RPF Full Form, candidates must know about the units that come under RPF. Candidates can check the list below of units under RPF

  • Central Crime Bureau.
  • Breeding and Training Centre for Police Dogs.
  • Indian Railway Protection Force Service.
  • Central Weapons Store.

RPF Full Form In Hindi

RPF Full Form in Hindi रेलवे सुरक्षा बल है जो भारत में रेल यात्रियों और संपत्ति की सुरक्षा के लिए जिम्मेदार एक सुरक्षा बल है। यह एक महत्वपूर्ण सुरक्षा बल है जिसके पास रेलवे परिसर के अंदर चोरी और रेलवे संपत्ति को नुकसान पहुंचाने या कोई अन्य अपराध करने वाले अपराधियों को गिरफ्तार करने और जांच करने की शक्ति है।

Since you are aware of RPF Full Form in Hindi and English along with various important roles and responsibilities, you must begin their preparation without further ado. Candidates can also bookmark this page for future reference. For any guidance and resources, reach out to Byju’s Exam Prep. All the best for your exams!

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