List of Important Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables 2022

By Ashwini Shivhare|Updated : December 13th, 2021

Important Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables: Every species on earth has its own unique scientific name. If you are appearing for the upcoming Railways or SSC exams, you must go through important scientific names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables. To help you facilitate your preparation, we are providing Study Notes on Binomial Nomenclature. Also, Lists of Important Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables are asked frequently in competitive examinations. These notes will be useful for all the upcoming SSC and Railway Exams 2022.

Table of Content

Binomial Nomenclature

Introduction

Scientific names are used to define distinct types of creatures in a universal manner so that experts from all over the world may easily recognize the same animal. This is known as binomial nomenclature, and many scientific names are taken from the organism's Latin name.
The scientific name is divided into two parts: the genus name, which comes first, and the particular species name, which comes second.

History

Carolus Linnaeus, a Swedish physician and botanist, pioneered modern binomial nomenclature in the 18th century. The two-part name was proposed to produce a code that more easily recognized individual species without the need of extensive descriptions that might be susceptible to subjectivity.

List of Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables

Scientific Names of Plants and Trees

byjusexamprep

S. NoCommon NameScientific Name
1TulsiOcimum sanctum
2CottonGossypium herbaceum
3BanyanFicus benghalensis
4NeemAzadhirachta indica
5PeepalFicus religiosa Linn.
6RoseRosa
7SaffronCrocus sativus
8SugarcaneSaccharum
9SunflowerHelianthus annuus
10TeaCamellia sinensis
11BambooBamboosa aridinarifolia
12TobaccoNicotina tobaccum

Scientific Names of Fruits

S. NoCommon NameScientific Name
1MangoMangifera indica
2Apple Pyrus malus
3PomegranatePunica granatum
4PineappleAnanus sativus
5OrangeCitrus aurantium
6StrawberryFragaria × ananassa
7Sweet PotatoIpomoea batatas
8WatermelonCitrullus lanatus
9MuskmelonCucumis melo
10BananaMusa paradisicum
11GuavaPsidium guava

Scientific Names of Vegetables and Spices

S. NoCommon NameScientific Name
1PotatoSolanum tubersum
2TomatoLycopersican esculentum
3OnionAllium cepa
4RadishRaphanus sativus
5CarrotDaucas carota
6BrinjalSolanum melongena     
7CapsicumCapsicum Fruits scence
8Cucumber Cucumis sativas
9GingerZingiber officinale
10TurmericCurcuma longa
11GarlicAllium Sativum
12CloveSyzygium aromaticum
13Black PepperPiper nigrum
14CorianderCoriandrum sativum
15LemonCitrus Limonium
16PeaPisum sativam

List of Important Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables PDF ⇓

That's it from our side! Read the above-given article and boost up your preparation for the upcoming examination.

 

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FAQs

  • Scientific names are used to define distinct types of creatures in a universal manner so that experts from all over the world may easily recognize the same animal. This is known as binomial nomenclature.

  • The scientific name of mango is Mangifera indica.

  • Ficus benghalensis is the scientic name of Banyan tree.

  • Scientific names of fruits and vegetables pdf is given at the end of this article. You can download the PDF from BYJU'S Exam Prep.

  • Around 2 - 3 questions are asked from the topic 'Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables' in SSC Exams.

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