Reasoning Preparation for FCI 2021 Exam
Let's get acquainted with the exam pattern first;
- The examination will be based on an online test comprising of two phases namely, Phase-I and Phase-II.
- Phase I is common to all irrespective of the post. The scheme of the Phase I examination is as follows:-
|Subject||No. of Qs.||Max. Marks||Duration|
|English Language||30||30||20 minutes|
|Reasoning Ability||35||35||20 minutes|
|Numerical Aptitude||35||35||20 minutes|
- Online Tests will be bilingual i.e. in English and Hindi except for language papers.
- Each question carries 1 mark. There is a negative marking of 0.25 mark for every wrong answer marked.
- The marks obtained in Phase I will not be considered in the final merit ranking.
Topic Wise Strategy to Prepare Reasoning for FCI Exam 2021
1) Coding & Decoding:
This section is scoring once you understand the fundamentals of coding-decoding. Revise all the basic rules of this topic and practice its questions for deep understanding.
How to prepare - Keep yourself updated with all the new trends, and practice as much as you can. Try at least 200 questions on Coding-decoding (from all variations).
This is the easiest part of the reasoning section and can fetch marks without investing much time. The Mathematical inequalities are simple, so practice at least 150-200 different types of questions from this topic. Make sure to practice at least 10 sets (of 10 questions each) of both topics in the week leading up to the exam.
This could be a tricky topic, thus requiring clarity of the concept involved in the syllogism. Questions with 2-3 Statements and 2-3 Conclusions with possibility cases are most likely to appear. So practice at least 200 questions on Syllogisms. Also, learn how to solve Syllogisms by the Venn diagram method as it could be a handy tool.
Steps to solve Syllogism questions
- Step 1: Make a Venn diagram.
- Step 2: Read all the statements one by one.
- Step 3: Draw a Venn diagram for each statement.
- Step 4: Check the conclusion if follows or not.
Understand how to draw a conclusion from statements. For this, you have to practice a lot of questions to get familiar with the common patterns. Learn the rules of either-or and neither-nor as well.
4) Seating Arrangement:
This is a topic that you must attempt but be careful while doing so. It is a tricky topic and you could easily lose marks if you miss out on even a single case. Problems can be either of:
- Circular Arrangement
- Linear Arrangement
- Box & Floor Based Puzzles
- Square / Rectangular Arrangement
Here are some useful tips which you should remember while solving the puzzle.
- Start with the direct information provided in the statement/s.
- Organize the information in the structure which is desired i.e., circle/table/ line.
- Learn the basic terms like “sitting to the left/right” “immediate right/left”, etc.
- After arranging direct information, work on an indirect one.
- If the puzzle provides you with a lot of information, most probably it is easy to solve.
5) Blood Relations:
Spend some time learning up different relations. They should be very clear in your mind. Draw family trees for visual clarity. Try at least 40-50 questions on Blood Relations. Try a wide variety; make sure to attempt all the problems yourself without referring to a guide or solutions.
6) Direction Sense:
There can be 2-3 questions on Direction Sense. Be clear with all the direction names. Apart from four main directions i.e. North, South, East, and West, also know about North-East, North-West, South-East, and South-West. Start questions by considering yourself facing the north direction and apply further statements accordingly. Practice such questions a lot to improve understanding. In many questions of this topic, the candidates are required to calculate some values like, the total distance travelled, the shortest path covered the distance between two entities, etc.
7) Data Sufficiency:
The foremost thing to do is go through the complete question properly first. You’ll be able to make out what data is required to arrive at the answer to the question and then proceed to the statements that have been provided.
- There is no need to solve the question completely.
- Analyse each statement individually.
- Even if you conclude that the data in statement 1 is sufficient to answer the question, do not forget to check the other statements.
- Use the elimination process of options to narrow down the possible answers.
- Questions on this topic can be from the topics Puzzles, Order & Ranking, Blood Relations, Coding-Decoding, Directions & Distances, Ages & Birthdates, etc.
8) Order & Ranking:
In ordering and ranking questions, the focus should be maintained. The position or rank of a person from left-right/top-bottom of a row/building is to be determined. In another case, a Rank or position can be given & the total number of persons needs to be calculated.
This is one of the easy topics, but it requires a quick understanding of the terms like, right, left, in the middle of and so on. Also, quick calculations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, etc.) are required to solve numerical series.
In case you have doubts feel free to ask in the comment section below.