Polity Study Notes: Updated List of Ministers & Cabinet 2022: Check Powers and Functions (Complete Notes)

By PARUL RISHI|Updated : August 11th, 2022

President of India, on 7th July 2021, revised the list of Cabinet Ministers, and Ministers of State (both independent and dependent charge) as advised by the Prime Minister of India. In the revised list, there are 30 Cabinet Ministers, 45 Ministers of State, 2 Ministers of State (Independent Charge) 

In this blog, we are providing the complete list of newly appointed Council of Ministers, and Ministers of State, their appointment, powers and authority. This blog is very useful for the candidates who are preparing for SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, RRB NTPC and other Government Exams 2022.

Also, check: How to Improve General Awareness for upcoming SSC Exams

Prime Minister & Its Cabinet Ministers

In the Parliamentary system of Government, the Prime minister is the real executive (de facto executive) and head of the government. Since 1947, India has had 14 Prime ministers.

Appointment: The Constitution does not contain any specific procedure on the appointment procedure of the Prime minister. The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the party or alliance that has a majority in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of India's Parliament. The Prime minister is sworn in by the President of India. The President administers the Oath of Office and Oath of Secrecy to the Prime Minister.

Article 74: There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice.

  • The President has discretionary powers when no party commands a majority in the lower house or when a Prime minister in office dies suddenly and there is no obvious successor.
  • The President may appoint a person as the Prime Minister and then ask him to prove his majority in the Lower House (Lok Sabha) within a reasonable period. Also, a person who is not a member of both houses may be appointed as the Prime minister for six months, within which he should become a member of either house of Parliament.
    Note: Minimum age for becoming a prime minister is 25 years.
  • There is no restriction on the Prime minister to be only from the lower house like in the United Kingdom’s Parliamentary system. Prime minister can also be the member of Rajya Sabha.
  • The Prime Minister holds office on the Pleasure of the President. He must resign if he loses the majority in the lower house. This means that the term of the Prime minister is not fixed. Also, his salary and allowances are determined by Parliament.

Also, Check: Powers and Functions of Indian Governor 2022

Power and Functions of Council of Ministers 

  • He is the head of Union Council of Ministers. The resignation or death of an incumbent Prime Minister automatically dissolves the Council of Ministers.
  • He is the principal channel of communication between the President and the Council of Ministers
  • The Prime Minister automatically becomes the leader of the House to which he belongs
  • He is the Chairman of NITI Aayog, Inter-state Council, Cabinet committees, etc

Role Descriptions

  • Primus inter pares – first among the equals
  • Inter stellas luna minores – a moon among lesser stars 

Articles on Council of Ministers

Article 74: There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice. The advice is binding on the President. Though the President may recommend reconsidering such advice tendered, the reconsidered advice is binding on the President. This provision was added by the 42nd and 44th Amendment Acts.

Article 75: The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

  • Principle of Collective Responsibility: The Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. When a no-confidence motion was passed in the Lok Sabha, the Council of Minister resigns in totality irrespective of their membership to Rajya Sabha. They work as a team and swim or sink together. The Cabinet decision is binding on all Cabinet ministers even if they differed in the Cabinet meeting.
  • Principle of Individual Responsibility: this means that the Council of Ministers can hold office during the pleasure of the President. The President can dismiss them on the advice of the Prime Minister. Individual responsibility is essential to ensure the rule of Collective Responsibility.
  • Legal responsibility: There is no system of legal responsibility in India unlike in the United Kingdom. It is not required that an order of the President for a public act should be countersigned by a minister.
  • The Oath of Office and Secrecy are administered to the Ministers by the President. Their salary, allowance etc are determined by the Parliament from time to time.
  • The Council of Ministers holds the office on the pleasure of the President. They may be removed from their office at any time by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
  • The maximum strength of the Council of Ministers is fixed at 15% of the total number of members of the House of People. This was added by the 91st Amendment Act of 2003.
  • Any minister may participate in the proceedings of the house to which he/she may not be a member. In such cases, the minister shall not have the power to participate in the voting process. A minister shall also have the right to speak and take part in the proceedings of any Committee of the Parliament or in the Joint sitting sessions.
  • A person who is not a member of both houses may be appointed as a Minister for six months, within which he should become a member of either house of Parliament.
  • Caretaker Government: The Supreme Court had mandated that ‘even after the dissolution of the Lok Sabha, the Council of Ministers does not cease to hold the office since the President cannot exercise any executive powers without the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers.

Composition of the Council of Ministers

  • Cabinet Ministers: Highest decision-making body advising the President on various issues. They hold important portfolios and attend the Cabinet meeting. The word ‘Cabinet’ is mentioned in Article 352 of the Constitution added through the 44th Amendment act and is defined as ‘the council consisting of the Prime minister and other ministers of cabinet rank appointed under Article 75’.
  • Ministers of State: They are in charge of independent departments of a ministry or appointed to assist the Cabinet ministers. They are not members of the Cabinet and do not attend its meetings unless invited.
  • Deputy Ministers: they are not given independent charge and are appointed to assist the Cabinet ministers or Ministers of State
  • Parliamentary Secretaries: they are attached to senior ministers to assist them in their Parliamentary duties

List of Ministers and Their Portfolios

Prime Minister of India and His Portfolios

Minister Name

Heading Ministries

Narendra Modi (Prime Minister)

Department of Space
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Department of Atomic Energy
All Important Policy Issues
All other Portfolios not allocated to any Minister

 List of Cabinet Ministers and their Portfolios

Cabinet Ministers

Minister Name

Heading Ministries

Raj Nath Singh

Minister of Defence

Amit Shah

Minister of Home Affairs

Minister of Cooperation

Nirmala Sitharaman

Minister of Corporate Affairs
Minister of Finance

Nitin Jairam Gadkari

Minister of Road Transport and Highways

Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

Minister of External Affairs

Narendra Singh Tomar

Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

Smriti Zubin Irani

Minister of Women and Child Development

Arjun Munda

Minister of Tribal Affairs

Dharmendra Pradhan

Minister of Education

Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship

Piyush Goyal

Minister of Commerce and Industry

Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution

Minister of Textiles

Narayan Tatu Rane

Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

Pralhad Joshi

Minister of Parliamentary Affairs

Minister of Mines

Minister of Coal

Sarbananda Sonowal

Minister of AYUSH

Giriraj Singh

Minister of Rural Development

Minister of Panchayati Raj

Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi

Minister of Minority Affairs

Dr Virendra Kumar

Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment

Ashwini Vaishnaw

Minister of Railways

Minister of Electronics and Information Technology

Minister of Communication

Jyotiraditya M. Schindia

Minister of Civil Aviation

Ramchandra

Minister of Steel

Gajendra Singh Shekhawat

Minister of Jal Shakti

Pashu Pati Kumar Paras

Minister of Food Processing Industries

Raj Kumar Singh

Minister of Power

Minister of New and Renewable Energy

Kiren Rijiju

Minister of Law and Justice

Mansukh Mandaviya

Minister of Health and Family Welfare

Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers

Hardeep Singh Puri

Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas

Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs

Mahendra Nath Pandey

Minister of Heavy Industries

Bhupender Yadav

Minister of Labour and Employment

Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

G. Kishan Reddy

Minister of Tourism

Minister of Culture

Minister of Development and North Eastern Region

Parshottam Rupala

Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying

Anurag Singh Thakur

Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports

Minister of Information and Broadcasting

 List of Minister of State (Independent Charge) and their Portfolios

Ministers of State (Independent Charge)

Minister Name

Heading Ministries

Rao Inderjit Singh

Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Statics and Programme Implementation

Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Planning

Dr. Jitendra Singh

Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Earth Sciences

Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Science and Technology

Complete List of Ministers of State and their Portfolios

Minister Name

Name of Ministries

Shri Ramdas Athawale

 Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
Shri Danve Raosaheb Dadarao

Ministry of Railways

Ministry of Coal

Ministry of Mines

Shri Prahalad Singh Patel

Ministry of Jal Shakti

Ministry of Food Processing Industries

Shripad Yesso Naik

Minister of State in the Ministry of Tourism

Faggansingh Kulaste

Minister of State in the Ministry of Steel

Minister of State in the Ministry of Rural Development

Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey

Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

General (Retd.) V.K. Singh

Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

Ministry of Civil Aviation

Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal

Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs

Ministry of Culture

Shri Krishan Pal

Ministry of Power

Ministry of Heavy Industries

Shri Pankaj Chaowdhary

Ministry of Finance

Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti

Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution

Ministry of Rural Development

Shri Rajeev Chandrasekhar

Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship

Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology

Smt. Anupriya Singh Patel

Ministry of Commerce and Industry

Smt. Darshana Vikram Jardosh

Ministry of Textiles

Ministry of Railways

Shri Sanjeev Kumar Balyan

Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying

Shri Nityanand Rai

Ministry of Home Affairs

Prof. S. P. Singh Baghel

Ministry of Law and Justice

Shri V. Muraleedharan

Ministry of External Affairs

Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs

Sushri Shobha Karandlaje

Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

Shri Bhanu Pratap Singh Verma

Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

Smt. Meenakashi Lekhi

Ministry of External Affairs

Ministry of Culture

Dr. Munjapara Mahendrabhai

Ministry of Women and Child Development

Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH)

Shri Rameswar Teli

Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas

Ministry of Labour and Employment

Shri A. Narayanaswamy

Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

Shri B. L. Verma

Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region

Ministry of Cooperation

Smt. Annpurna Devi

Ministry of Education

Shri Kaushal Kishore

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

Shri Ajay Bhatt

Ministry of Defence

Ministry of Tourism

Smt. Renuka Singh Saruta

Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Shri Ajay Kumar

Ministry of Home Affairs

Sushri Pratima Bhoumik

Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

Dr. Rajkumar Ranjan Singh

Ministry of External Affairs

Ministry of Education

 Dr. L. Murugan 

Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying

Ministry of Information and Broadcasting

Shri Bhagwanth Khuba

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

Shri Kailash Choudhary

Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

Shri Som Parkash

Ministry of Commerce and Industry

Dr. Bharati Pravin Pawar

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Shri Kapil Moreshwar Patil

Ministry of Panchayati Raj

Shri Bishweswar Tudu

Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Ministry of Jal Shakti

Shri John Barla

Ministry of Minority Affairs

Dr. Subhas Sarkar

Ministry of Education

Shri Nisith Pramanik

Ministry of Home Affairs

Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports

Shri Devusinh Chauhan

Ministry of Communications

Dr. Bhagwat Kishanrao Karad

Ministry of Finance

 

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FAQs

  • There are 31 Cabinet Ministers, 45 Ministers Of State, And 2 Ministers Of State (Independent Charge) in the Modi's Cabinet.

  • There are 4 categories of Council of Ministers as:

    • Cabinet Minister
    • Minister Of State (Independent Charge)
    • Minister Of State
    • Deputy Minister
  • There are two ministries held by Amit Shah namely:

    • Ministry of Home Affairs
    • Ministry of Cooperation
  • There are two Ministers of State (Independent Charge) in the Cabinet.

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