Which Enzyme converts sucrose into glucose & fructose?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

(A) Isomerase

(B) Invertase

(C) Amylase

(D) Maltase

Invertase converts sucrose into glucose & fructose. Animals and plants both create carbohydrates. A biomolecule called a carbohydrate is made up of the atoms carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and oxygen (O). The majority of them are regarded as carbon hydrates and contain the general formula Cx(HO)y, from which the word “carbohydrate” is derived.

Explain Invertase Enzyme

The invertase enzyme breaks down sucrose into glucose and fructose, and these two monosaccharides easily enter the glycolytic pathway. Hexokinase is an enzyme that phosphorylates glucose and fructose to produce glucose-6-phosphate. Some points related to Invertase are mentioned below

  • The fructose-6-phosphate is created when this phosphorylated form of glucose isomerizes.
  • The final stages of the metabolism of fructose and glucose are identical.
  • The production of pyruvate from glucose occurs during the chain of 10 processes known as glycolysis, which is regulated by many enzymes.

Based on how they behave during hydrolysis, carbohydrates are divided into three groups:

Monosaccharide- A monosaccharide is a carbohydrate that cannot be further digested to produce a simpler polyhydroxy aldehyde or ketone molecule. Examples of typical sugars include glucose, fructose, ribose, etc.

Oligosaccharides- Oligosaccharides are a class of carbohydrates that, upon hydrolysis, produce two to ten monosaccharide units. For instance, maltose yields two molecules of only glucose, while sucrose yields one molecule of glucose and one molecule of fructose upon hydrolysis.

Polysaccharides- Upon hydrolysis, they produce a sizable number of monosaccharide units. For instance, gums, starch, cellulose, glycogen, etc.


Which Enzyme converts sucrose into glucose & fructose? (A) Isomerase (B) Invertase (C) Amylase (D) Maltase

Sucrose is converted by invertase into glucose and fructose. Carbohydrates are produced by both plants and animals. Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms make up the biomolecule known as a carbohydrate (O). The majority of them have the general formula Cx(HO)y, from which the name carbohydrate is derived, and are thought to be carbon hydrates.

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