List of Sikh Gurus: Trick to Remember the List of 10 Sikh Gurus Names In Order

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Knowing the list of Sikh Gurus is important for competitive exams as it is a significant part of Sikh history and culture. Many competitive exams, including SSC exams, may have questions related to Sikhism, and knowing the names of the Sikh Gurus in order is essential to answer such questions accurately. So, here we are discussing 10 Sikh Gurus and their contributions for upcoming exams like SSC CGL/ CHSL/ MTS/ GD Constable, etc. 

History of Sikhism

Sikhism is derived from Sikh, ‘Sikh’ is a Sanskrit word that means ‘disciple’. The era of Sikhism started in 1469, through the birth of Guru Nanak Dev in 1469, and ended in human form with the death of Guru Govind Singh in 1708. With about 25 million Sikhs worldwide, Sikhism is the world’s fifth-largest religion. We have provided the complete list and details of 10 Gurus Names along with the tricks to remember them.

List of 10 Sikh Gurus’ Names

Knowing the names of Sikh Gurus are important for candidates preparing for SSC exams as questions related to Sikh history and culture, including their, are often asked in exams. It’s important to familiarize yourself with these names and their contributions to Sikhism to ensure you are well-prepared for your SSC and Railway exams.

Guru Nanak Dev (1469 – 1539)

  • He was the first of all the gurus of Sikh, he founded the Sikh religion, introducing the concept of one God
  • He started the Guru Ka Langar. As per the Sikh religion, langar is a term that refers to a common kitchen/ community kitchen where food is served to everyone for free without any discrimination of caste, religion, color, gender, and class
  • He was a contemporary of Babur (Mughal Emperor)
  • He emphasized the equality of women and rejected the path of renunciation
  • His teachings are composed in Adi Granth or Granth Sahib.

Guru Angad (1538 – 1552)

  • He was the second of all Gurus
  • Invented a new script called Guru-Mukhi viz. written form of Punjabi script
  • Played an instrumental role in the popularization and expansion of the system of Guru ka Langar

Guru Amardas (1552 – 1574)

  • He introduced the Anand Karaj Marriage ceremony for Sikhs, which was done to replace the Hindu form
  • Strengthened Guru ka Langar tradition
  • Established the Piri and Maji systems of religious mission for women and men, respectively
  • Abolished the custom of Sati and Purdah system among the Sikhs
  • He was a contemporary of Akbar (Mughal Emperor)

Guru Ramdas (1574 – 1581)

  • He was the fourth Guru of all Gurus
  • Founded Amritsar in 1577 on the land granted by Akbar
  • Started the construction of Golden Temple/ Swarna Mandir at Amritsar

Guru Arjun Dev (1581 – 1606)

  • Composed Adi Granth in 1604. Adi Granth is a scripture of Sikhs
  • Completed the construction of the Golden Temple/ Sri Darbar Sahib
  • founded the town of Tarn Taran Sahib which is Goindwal Sahib
  • He requested Mian Mir (Muslim Sufi) to lay the cornerstone of Harmandir Sahib
  • Executed by Jahangir on charges of helping Prince Khusrau with money and prayer
  • He was acclaimed as Shaheedan-de-Sartaj (The crown of martyrs)

Guru Hargovind (1606 – 1645)

  • Son of Guru Arjan Dev
  • Transformed the Sikh into a military community. He was known as ‘Soldier Saint’
  • He wages wars against Jahangir and Shah Jahan (Mughal Emperors)
  • Established Akal Takht and fortified Amritsar

Guru Har Rai (1645 – 1661)

  • He avoided any conflict with Aurangzeb (Mughal Emperor) and devoted most of his efforts to missionary work
  • Though he was a man of peace, however, he never disbanded the armed Sikh warriors
  • He gave shelter to Shah Jahan’s eldest son, Dara Shikoh, who was later tormented by Aurangzeb

Guru Har Kishan (1661 – 1664)

  • He was the youngest of all Sikh Gurus. He was given the title of Guru at the age of five
  • He was summoned to Delhi by Aurangzeb under framed charges of anti-Islamic blasphemy

Guru Teg Bahadur (1664 – 1675)

  • He established the town of Anandpur
  • He was executed in Delhi by Aurangzeb for not embracing Islam.
  • He called himself Sachcha Badshah

Guru Govind Singh (1675 – 1708)

  • He was son of Guru Tegh Bahadur. He became Guru after the martyrdom of his father
  • He founded a warrior community known as Khalsa in 1699. Under Khalsa, he changed Sikhs into a saint-soldier for protecting themselves
  • Introduced a new rite Pahul
  • He made his headquarters at Makhowal or Anandpur. He compiled a supplementary Granth
  • He joined Bahadur Shah’s camp as a noble
  • He was the last Sikh Guru in human form and he passed the Guruship of Shiks to the Guru Granth Sahib

Also, check Famous Temples in India

Trick To Remember Sikh Gurus’ Names in Order

Nanak Angdan kr Amar ho Ram ke pass chale gaye lekin Arjun ne Govind ki Rai li or kitni baduri se Kudh Govind ban gaye.

  • Guru Nanak (1469 – 1538)
  • Guru Angad (1538 – 1552)
  • Guru Amardas (1552 – 1574)
  • Guru Ramdas (1574 – 1581)
  • Guru Arjundev (1581 – 1606)
  • Guru Hargovind (1606 – 1645)
  • Guru Har Rai (1645 – 1661)
  • Guru Har Kishan (1661 – 1664)
  • Guru Teg Bahadur (1664 – 1675)
  • Guru Govind Singh (1675 – 1708)

11th Sikh Guru

The 11th Guru of Sikhism is Guru Granth Sahib, which is considered the eternal Guru. Also known as the Adi Granth, the Guru Granth Sahib is a collection of sacred hymns and compositions written by the Sikh Gurus, as well as by other saints and poets from different spiritual traditions, including Hindu and Muslim. It is considered the embodiment of the Guru’s teachings and guidance and is central to Sikh worship and practices.

Sikh Guru List PDF

Knowing the names of the Sikh Gurus can help candidates interpret and analyze historical events and developments related to Sikhism. Questions related to the succession of Sikh Gurus, their teachings, and their impact on Sikh society may be asked in exams, and remembering the names of the Sikh Guru at the fingertips is essential to provide accurate answers. The direct link to download the Sikh Guru List is provided below.

Sikh Guru List PDF (To be activated soon)

Therefore, candidates preparing for SSC exams should ensure they are familiar with the list of Sikh Gurus to enhance their chances of success in such exams.



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