# Percentage Questions for SSC CGL, CHSL, MTS & Other SSC Exams 2023

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Percentage Questions for SSC: A substantial portion of competitive government exams involves quantitative aptitude, and the percentage topic is a key topic that is extensively asked in this part. It is a simple and easy-to-score topic. Therefore, it is crucial for candidates to have a thorough understanding of the percentage questions for SSC to avoid losing marks in this topic. In this post, we have provided essential first-hand knowledge on percentages for SSC exams, including SSC percentage questions, preparation tips, previous year questions, etc. Also, you can download the SSC Percentage Questions PDF for your preparation.

## Percentage Questions for SSC

Percentage is an important topic in various Government Exams including SSC CHSL 2023, SSC CGL, SSC MTS and other Government exams. Therefore candidates are advised to go through this topic completely and prepare well in advance. Read the article till the end to get the complete information on Percentage Questions for SSC.

## SSC Percentage Questions PDF

Downloading the SSC percentage questions PDF can be an effective way for candidates to prepare for competitive government exams. By downloading the SSC percentage questions PDF, you can access a large number of questions in one place, which can save you time and effort in searching for individual questions online or in books.

## Books for SSC Percentage Questions

The following are the ones we advise most, even though there is an enormous amount of study material accessible for practising percentage questions for SSC:

 Books on Percentage Authors/Publication Percentage Type 1 Kiran Publications Quantitative Aptitude RS Aggarwal

## SSC Percentage Questions

We shall discuss the Percentage questions for SSC Exams below, which will be useful for aspirants taking the SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, and SSC MTS exams etc.

1. A person spends 75% of his monthly income. If his income increases by 50% and the expenditure increases by 80%, then what is the percentage increase/decrease in his monthly savings?

A. Increase by 35%
B. Decrease by 40%
C. Increase by 25%
D. Decrease by 15%

2. What percentage of 4.5 kg is 18 gm?

A. 4%
B. 0.4%
C. 0.004%
D. 0.04%

3. A reduction of 20% in the price of bananas enables a customer to buy 6 more bananas for Rs.80. What is the reduced price of bananas per dozen (in Rs.)?

A. 32
B. 35
C. 36
D. 40

4. A invested 30% more than B. B invested 40% less than C, who invested Rs.8000. The average of the total amount invested by all of them together (to the nearest Rs.) is:

A. 6,347
B. 6,417
C. 6,215
D. 6,143

5. A man started off a business with a certain capital amount. In the first year, he earned 60% profit and donated 50% of the total capital (initial amount + profit). He followed the same procedure with the remaining capital after the second and third years. If at the end of the three years, he is left with Rs.15,360, what was the initial amount (in Rs.) with which the man started his business?

A. 20,000
B. 30,000
C. 25,000
D. 32,000

6. A person’s salary was increased by 50% and subsequently decreased by 50%. How much percentage does he lose or gain?

A. Loss of 25%
B. Gain of 50%
C. Loss of 30%
D. Gain of 20%

7. A person’s salary was decreased by 50% and subsequently increased by 50%. By what per cent does his salary increase or decrease?

A. Decrease 18%
B. Increase 15%
C. Increase 20%
D. Decrease 25%

8. Ankita’s weight is 20% less than that of her grandmother. The grandmother weighs 26 kg less than the grandmother’s husband, whose weight is 81 kg. If Ankita’s brother is 8 kg heavier than Ankita, then what is the weight (in kg) of Ankita’s brother?

A. 60
B. 19
C. 36
D. 52

9. A reduction of 15% in the price of wheat enables a housewife to buy 6 kg more for Rs. 2,720. The reduced price of wheat per kg (in Rs.) is:

A. 75
B. 68
C. 70
D. 65

10. A is 25% more than B, and B is 40% less than C, If C is 20% more than D, then A is what percentage less than D?

A. 11%
B. 10%
C. 9%
D. 12%

11. Number A and B are 0% and 50%, respectively, more than the number C. The ratio of A to that of B is:

A. 2 : 3
B. 13 : 15
C. 15 : 13
D. 5 : 4

12. Fruit seller sells 45% of the oranges that he has along with one more orange to a customer. He then sells 20% of the remaining oranges and 2 more oranges to a second customer. He then sells 90% of the now remaining oranges to a third customer and is still left with 5 oranges. How many oranges did the fruit seller have initially?

A. 100
B. 111
C. 121
D. 120

13. The price of an item is reduced by 20%. As a result, customers can get 2 kg more of it for Rs.360. Find the original price (in Rs.) per kg of the item.

A. 40
B. 45
C. 48
D. 36

14. If a positive number ‘k’ when multiplied 30% of itself given a number which is 170% more than the number ‘k’, then the number ‘k’ is equal to:

A. 9
B. 5
C. 6
D. 7

15. A is 120% of B and B is 65% of C. If the sum of A, B and C is 121.5, then the value of C  2B + A is:

A. 14
B. 35
C. 24
D. 39

## Percentage questions with Solutions

Percentage Aptitude questions are included in all competitive exams with a Quantitative Aptitude portion. One of the most significant chapters in Quantitative Aptitude is Percentage. The majority of the questions in this chapter are based on percentage changes or successive percentage changes and are asked in exams such as SSC CGL, SSC MTS, SSC CHSL, and so on. You may find the ‘Percentage questions with Solutions’ here.

1. Find the single equivalent discount for successive discounts of 12%, 18% and 25% on the marked price of a car.

A. 35.28%
B. 42.65%
C. 40.25%
D. 45.88%

Solution |||  We know that,

Equivalent discount to two successive discounts = a + b – ab/100

Equivalent discount of 12% and 18%

= 12 + 18 – (12 × 18)/100

= 30 – 2.16 = 27.84%

Now, equivalent discount of 27.84% and 25%

= 27.84 + 25 – (27.84 × 25)/100

= 52.84 – 6.96 = 45.88%

Hence, option D is the correct answer.

2. Two candidates contested an election. One of them got 64% of the votes and won by 434 votes. What was the total number of votes polled?

A. 1550
B. 1345
C. 1680
D. 1684

Solution |||  Let the total number of votes polled be x.

64x/100 – 36x/100 = 434

28x = 43400

x = 1550

Hence, option A is the correct answer.

3. A basket contains 350 eggs. If 12% of the eggs are rotten, how many eggs are good enough to be sold?

A. 408
B. 310
C. 308
D. 410

Solution |||

Number of rotten egg = 12% of 350

= = 42

Number of eggs are good to be sold = 350 – 42 = 308

Hence, option C is the correct answer.

4. Two numbers are, respectively, 10% and 25% more than the third number. The ratio of

the two numbers is:

A. 22 : 25
B. 19 : 25
C. 23 : 25
D. 18 : 25

Solution |||

Let the third number be 100.

First number = 100 + 10% of 100 = 110

Second number = 100 + 25% of 100 = 125

Required ratio = 110 : 125 = 22 : 25

Hence, option A is the correct answer.

5. Three candidates were participating in an election. The person at third place got 20% of the total votes while the difference between the votes of the winner and the first runner-up was 20% of the total votes. If the difference between the votes of the first runner up and the second runner up was 37,000, how many votes did the winner receive?

A. 1,80,000
B. 1,75,000
C. 1,85,000
D. 1,95,000

Solution |||  Let the total votes be 100x.

Votes got by person at third place i.e. second runner up

= [20/100] × 100x = 20x

= 100x – 20x = 80x ……. (i)

= [20/100] × 100x = 20x …….. (ii)

By adding equations (i) and (ii), we get

Votes got by winner = 50x

Votes got by first runner up = 80x – 50x = 30x

According to the question:

30x – 20x = 37000

10x = 37000

x = 3700

= 1,85,000

Hence, option C is the correct answer.

6. A mask manufacturing company manufactured ‘X’ number of masks in 2018 . It increased its manufacturing capacity by 30% in 2019 and further increased its manufacturing by 15% in 2020. In 2021, due to the machinery breakdown, its manufacturing declined by 40%. What is the value of ‘X’ if it manufactured 179400 masks in 2021?

A. 180000
B. 200000
C. 230000
D. 210000

Solution |||

In 2019 number of masks manufactured by the company = X + 30% of X =

In 2020 number of masks manufactured by the company =

In 2021 number of masks manufactured by the company =

According to the question,

= 200000

Hence, option B is the correct answer.

7. 20% of the inhabitants of a village having died of malaria, a panic set in, during which 30% of the remaining inhabitants left the village. The population was then reduced to 12,000. What was the number of inhabitants initially (Consider integral part only)

A. 21000
B. 21428
C. 21500
D. 30428

Solution |||

Let the number of inhabitants initially be 100x.

Inhabitants died of malaria = [20/100] × 100x = 20x

Remaining inhabitants = 100x – 20x = 80x

Inhabitants left the village = [30/100] × 80x = 24x

Remaining inhabitants = 80x – 24x = 56x

According to the question:

56x → 12000

∴ Number of inhabitants initially = [12000/56x] × 100x

= 21428

Hence, option B is the correct answer.

8. The population of country A decreased by p% and the population of country B decreased by q% from the year 2020 to 2021. Here ‘p’ is greater than ‘q’. Let ‘x’ be the ratio of the population of country A to the population of country B in the given year. What is the percentage decrease in ‘x’ from 2020 to 2021?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Solution ||| Population of country A in 2020 = 100%

Population of country A in 2021 = (100-p)%

Population of country B in 2020 = 100%

Population of country B in 2021 = (100-q)%

Ratio of population in 2020 = 100 : 100 = 1 = x

Ratio of population in 2021 = (100-p) : (100-q)

Percentage decrease in ‘x’ from 2020 to 2021

= [1 – (100-p)/(100-q)]/1 × 100

= [100 – q – (100 – p)/(100-q)] × 100

= [(100 – q – 100 + p)/(100-q)] × 100

= [(p – q)/(100-q)] × 100

= 100(p – q)/(100-q)

Hence, option D is the correct answer.

9.A man loses 20% of his money and after spending 85% of the remainder, he is left with Rs.120. How much did he have at first?

A. Rs.800
B. Rs.1,000
C. Rs.1,200
D. Rs.500

Solution |||

Let man have Rs. 100x.

Money lost by man = 20% of 100x

=

Remaining money = 100x – 20x = 80x

Expenditure = 85% of 80x

=

According to the question,

80x – 68x = 120

Or, 12x = 120

x = 120/12 = 10

Money man have at first = 100x = 100 × 10 = Rs. 1000

Hence, option B is the correct answer.

10. If the price of petrol is increased by 28%, by what percentage should the consumption be decreased by the consumer, if the expenditure on petrol remains unchanged?

(Correct to 2 decimal places)

A. 20.25%
B. 25.75%
C. 21.88%
D. 12.35%

Solution |||

Let the price of petrol be Rs. 100/litre and the consumption of petrol is 1 litre.

New price = 100 + 28% of 100 = 100 + 0.28 × 100 = Rs.128/litre

Expenditure remains unchanged so,

Expenditure = Rs. 100

Consumption of petrol =

Decrease in consumption =

% decrease in consumption =

= 21.88%

Hence, option C is the correct answer.

## Preparation Tips for SSC Percentage Questions

The following formulas and percentage rules are some of the most helpful ones that any SSC candidate should know how to utilize when answering questions on the subject:

• The term percentage denotes “for every hundred”.
• The sign % is read as a percentage while the sign preceded by a number, for example, x % is read as x percent.
• A change in percentage is calculated with the formula, {change/(initial value)} x 100
• Remember that x % of y = y % of x
• To calculate what percentage of x is y, use the formula y/x × 100

## SSC Percentage Previous Year Questions

Below we have provided you all with the important SSC Percentage Previous Year Questions, SSC is known to repeat its questions therefore candidates are advised to go through these questions to have an edge in the examination.

1. In an election between two candidates, 5% of the registered voters did not cast their vote. 10% of the votes were found to be either invalid or of NOTA. The winning candidate received 60% votes in his favour and won the election by 17271 votes. Find the number of registered voters.

A. 90525
B. 100000
C. 101000
D. 102500

2. The base of a triangle is increased by 40%. By what percentage (correct to two decimal places) should its height be increased so that the area increases by 60%?

A. 14.29%
B. 20.01%
C. 15.54%
D. 18.62%

3. In a factory with 400 employees, the ratio of the number of male employees to that of female employees is 5 : 3. There are 87.5% of regular employees in the factory. If 92% of male employees are regular employees, then what is the percentage of regular female employees?

A. 80%
B. 78%
C. 87.5%
D. 85%

4. A spends 65% of his income. His income is increased by 20.1% and his expenditure increased by 20%. By what per cent (correct to one decimal place) does his saving increase or decrease?

A. Increase by 20.3%
B. Decrease by 17.7%
C. Increase by 21.5%
D. Decrease by 18.9%

5. A person’s salary was decreased by 50% and subsequently increased by 50% and then again increased by 100%. How much percentage does he lose or gain?

A. Loss of 40%
B. Gain of 50%
C. Gain of 25%
D. Loss of 10%

6. The reduction of 15% in the price of salt enables a person to buy 2 kg more for Rs. 272. The reduced price of salt per kg (in Rs) is:

A. 20.40
B. 22.16
C. 24.25
D. 25.00

7. In a manufacturing unit, it was noted that the price of raw materials has increased by 25% and the labour cost has gone up from 30% of the cost of raw materials to 38% of the cost of the raw material. What percentage of the consumption of raw materials be reduced to keep the cost the same as before the increase?

A. 20.7%
B. 30.2%
C. 24.6%
D. 25.5%

8. The price of petrol shot up by 5%. Before the hike, the price was Rs.82 per litre. A man travels 3045 km every month and his car gives a mileage of 15 km per litre. What is the increase in the monthly expenditure (to the nearest Rs.) on the man’s travel due to the hike in the petrol prices?

A. 832
B. 859
C. 758
D. 944

9. Some students (only boys and girls) from different schools appeared for an Olympiad exam. 20% of the boys and 15% of the girls failed the exam. The number of boys who passed the exam was 70 more than that of the girls who passed the exam. A total of 90 students failed. Find the number of students that appeared for the exam.

A. 420
B. 400
C. 500
D. 350

10. The price of petrol shot up by 5%. Before the hike, the price was Rs.82 per litre. A man travels 3045 km every month and his car gives a mileage of 15 km per litre. What is the increase in the monthly expenditure (to the nearest Rs.) on the man’s travel due to the hike in the petrol prices?

A. 832
B. 859
C. 758
D. 944

11. The monthly salary of a person was Rs. 1,60,000. He used to spend on three heads – Personal and family expenses (P). Taxes (T) and Education loan (E). The rest were his savings. P was 50% of the income. E was 20% of P, and T was 15% of E. When his salary got raised by 30%, he maintained the percentage level of P, but E became 30% of P and T became 20% of E. The sum of the two savings (in Rs.) is:

A. 2,11,680

B. 1,28,160

C. 1,18,620
D. 1,62,810

12. The income of A is 80% of B’s income and the expenditure of A is 60% of B’s expenditure. If the income of A is equal to 90% of B’s expenditure, then by what percentage are the savings of A more than B’s savings?

A. 125%
B. 140%
C. 100%
D. 150%

13. Avinash has 20% fewer coins from different countries than Gaurav. Gaurav has 40% more such coins than Chetan. By what per cent of the number of coins which Chetan has is less number of coins which Avinawh has? (correct to one decimal place)

A. 12
B. 10.5
C. 10.7
D. 10.6

## SSC Percentage Syllabus

The importance of percentage in the SSC CGL syllabus can be attributed to a variety of factors. However, these four are the most crucial ones that any candidate should remember:

• Not only does the quantitative aptitude section of competitive government exams contain percentage problems, but also the themes of data interpretation (DI) and data sufficiency (DS), which are specifically covered in the SSC CGL Exam.
• Since ratio and percentage are closely related topics that are both covered in competitive government exams, getting ready for one will aid in getting ready for the other.
• Aspirants for SSC and other competitive exams would easily be able to solve as many as 60% of aptitude questions offered in the exam with comprehensive practice and knowledge of the topic of percentages.
• Knowing the answers to the questions and the percentage formulas aids candidates in managing their time while taking the exam.

There are several topics in the Quantitative Aptitude section in which the percentage is used. The Percentage is a core concept that can be used extensively in various fields like

• Mixture & Alligation,
• Ratio and Proportion,
• Pipe and Cistern,
• Problem on Age,
• Profit Loss and Discount,
• Simple Interest & Compound Interest etc.

Even though these topics have their own concepts and theories but the concept of percentage is used in all these, which makes this an important topic to go through before you appear for any SSC Exams 2023.

## SSC Percentage Mock Tests

Practising SSC Percentage Mock Tests and Previous Year Papers are important from the exam perspective as it tells us the types and depth of the questions asked in the examination. Practicing the SSC CGL Mock test also tells about your preparation and the mistakes that you are currently committing.

So, what are you waiting for? You have everything that you need to cover Percentage questions for SSC. Start your preparation now!

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