Explain 1 Unit of Electricity in India

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

1 unit of electricity in India is 3.6 x 106 J

In India, a unit of electricity is equal to one kWh.

The energy used by a power source of 1 kW for 1 hour is measured in units of kWh.

1kWh = 1000 Wh

On substituting the values we get

= 1000 x 60 x 60s

= 3.6 x 106 J

Current Electricity

The movement of electrons from one area of the circuit to another is referred to as current electricity.


Following are the two categories of current electricity:

  1. Direct Current (DC): Direct current is a type of electricity in which the direction of the flow never changes. The steady flow of electrons from a location of high electron density to a region of low electron density is what defines direct current. In many home appliances and battery-powered applications, DC is used.
  2. Alternating current (AC) is a type of electricity that is bidirectional and constantly shifts the direction in which charges flow. A sinusoidally fluctuating voltage and current that reverse directions periodically and cause the current to oscillate back and forth is what gives rise to the bi-directionality. Our homes and places of business receive alternating current to power their electrical outlets.


The following techniques can be used to produce current electricity:

  • Across the passage of a metal wire through a magnetic field (Both alternating current and direct current can be generated by the following method)
  • utilizing a battery and chemical reactions (Direct current can be generated through this method)


Explain 1 Unit of Electricity in India

1 unit of electricity in India is 3.6 x 106 J. Current electricity is defined as the flow of electrons from one section of the circuit to another.

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