Describe the Powers and Functions of the Prime Minister of India

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

The Prime Minister of India is vested with significant powers and functions that play a pivotal role in the governance of the country. As the head of the government, the Prime Minister holds a position of immense responsibility and authority. Their powers and functions encompass a wide range of areas, from policy formulation and appointment of ministers to representing the nation on both domestic and international platforms. Understanding the powers and functions of the Prime Minister is essential to grasp the impact they have on shaping the future of India and its citizens. Read on to know the powers and functions of the Prime Minister of India.

The Prime Minister of India

The Prime Minister of India is the head of government and holds a prominent position in the country’s political system. This role encompasses a range of responsibilities and duties. The Prime Minister acts as the chief advisor to the President of India, providing valuable insights and guidance on matters of governance. They actively participate in policy formulation and decision-making processes, working towards the betterment of the nation.

Moreover, the Prime Minister represents India both domestically and internationally. They engage in diplomatic relations, negotiate treaties and agreements, and attend important international forums to strengthen global partnerships. They also play a crucial role in the appointment of ministers and key government officials, ensuring the smooth functioning of various departments and ministries.

Powers and functions of the Prime Minister

The functions of the Prime Minister of India are multifaceted and encompass various aspects of governance. Listed below are the powers and functions of the Prime Minister of India.

  • Leader of the Country: The Prime Minister of India is the Chief Head of the Indian Government.
  • Cabinet Chairman: The Indian Prime Minister is the chairman of the cabinet responsible for conducting cabinet meetings. He/she can implement his/her decision in cases of conflict and opinion differences.
  • Portfolio allocation: The Prime Minister has the power to assign respective portfolios to the Ministers in their cabinet.
  • Link between the cabinet and the President: The Prime Minister acts as the link between the Indian President and the cabinet. He communicates the decisions of the Cabinet and proposals for legislation to the Indian President.
  • Chief Advisor: The Prime Minister is the chief advisor to the President of the country.
  • The official representative of the country: The Prime Minister represents India at high-level international meetings and is the country’s ambassador.

Lastly, the Prime Minister is the head of many organizations and programs like NITI Aayog, Department of Atomic Energy, Nuclear Command Authority, Appointments Committee of the Cabinet, Department of Space and Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances as well as Pensions.

Duties of Prime Minister

Listed below are the duties of the Prime Minister of India

  • Provide leadership and direction to the government
  • Formulate policies, make decisions, and set the agenda for the country
  • Act as the head of the government, representing the nation domestically and internationally
  • Participate in the legislative process, including the formulation and implementation of laws
  • Coordinate and manage various ministries and government departments
  • Ensure the smooth functioning and effective implementation of policies
  • Serve as a spokesperson for the government, addressing the public, media, and stakeholders
  • Maintain stability, foster national unity, and represent the interests of the people
  • Oversee the overall administration and governance of the nation
  • Work towards the welfare and progress of the country and its citizens


What are the powers and functions of the Indian Prime Minister?

There are numerous powers and functions of the Prime Minister of India as he/she is the leader of the government and the country. Some of their powers include being the Chief Advisor to the President and being the link between the President and the cabinet.

Furthermore, the PM is the official ambassador of the country and chairman of the cabinet where they must allocate the portfolios to the ministers. Finally, the PM is also the head of important organizations like NITI Aayog, the Department of Atomic Energy, the Nuclear Command Authority, and more.

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