Rules on Spotting Error in English Grammar, Download Assignment PDF: SSC CGL Tier-II exam is scheduled for the month of November and you all must be preparing really hard for it. In this article, we will discuss some rules on spotting errors which will help you in finding the errors. These rules will be helpful for your upcoming SSC CGL Tier II Exam 2020. Not only this, but we are also providing you with the Assignment PDF so that you can apply these rules. If you like it let us know.
Rules on Spotting Error in English Grammar
1. Too and Very
Too means ‘more than required’ and it is usually used before unpleasant adjectives. Very means ‘in a great degree’ and it is used before pleasant/ unpleasant adjectives.
If the sentence is not based on too …… to structure, very should be used in place of too.
- I am too happy today. (Incorrect)
- I am very happy today. (Correct)
- My son’s health has been too good. (Incorrect)
- My son’s health has been good. (Correct)
2. Too much and Much too
After too much a noun is used. After much too an adjective is used.
- His wife’s rude behaviour gives him much too pain. (Incorrect)
- His wife’s rude behaviour gives him too much pain. (Correct)
3. Much and Very
Very is used with positive degree and much is used with comparative degree.
- The air is very hot today.
- The air is much hotter today than yesterday.
Very is used with present participle and much is used with past participle.
- It is very surprising for me.
- I was much surprised at hearing the news.
4. Fairly and Rather
(a) Fairly is used with positive degree while rather is used with both positive degree and comparative degree. (b) Fairly is used with pleasant objectives while rather is usually used with unpleasant adjectives.
- She is fairly wise.
- This job is rather difficult.
- But, rather good, rather clever, rather pretty are used.
5. Hard and Hardly
Hard means ‘difficult’ or ‘solid’. It is used as an adjective as well as an adverb. Hardly means ‘almost not’ and it is used as an adverb.
- It is hard to believe that he is guilty.
- There is hardly any tea left.
6. Late and Lately
Late means ‘near the end of a period of time’ and lately means ‘recently’.
- She married in her late twenties.
- He had lately returned from Australia.
Ago is always used in past indefinite tense.
- I met her a year ago.
- This had happened a week ago. (Incorrect)
- This happened a week ago. (Correct)
(a) Enough is used just after the word that it qualifies. (b) Always use positive degree of adjective/adverb before enough.
- He is now strong enough to leave his bed.
- She is enough wise to allow her son to go.(Incorrect)
- She is wise enough to allow her son to go. (Correct)
Else should always be followed by but and never by than.
It is nothing else but love.
10. Still and Yet
Still is usually used in affirmative sentences and yet in negative sentences.
- He has not still returned the money. (Incorrect)
- He has not yet returned the money. (Correct)
Some Other Important Rules
Scarcely/hardly is always followed by when/before.
- Scarcely had he gone out of the office then he came. (Incorrect)
- Scarcely had he gone out of the office when he came. (Correct)
Lest is followed by should. Not is not used with it.
- Be careful lest you will fall. (Incorrect)
- Be careful lest you should fall. (Correct)
Although/though must always be followed by yet or comma (,).
- Although he worked hard but he failed. (Incorrect)
- Although he worked hard yet he failed. (Correct)
Both is followed by and and not by else, but or as well as.
- Both Sonu as well as Pawan have done their work. (Incorrect)
- Both Sonu and Pawan have done their work. (Correct)
Rather and other are always followed by than.
- I have no other choice but to do it. (Incorrect)
- I have no other choice than to do it. (Correct)
Neither ............ nor and Either .......... or are used in pairs. These are followed by the same part of speech.
- He has invited neither him not her. (Incorrect)
- He has invited neither him nor her. (Correct)
- Either the step taken was right or wrong .(Incorrect)
- The step taken was either right or wrong. (Correct)
Not only is followed by but also. These always join the same parts of speech.
- He is going not only to open a hospital but also an inn. (Incorrect)
- He is going to open not only a hospital but also an inn. (Correct)
Whether is always followed by or.
- We don’t care that you pass or fail . (Incorrect)
- We don’t care whether you pass or fail. (Correct)
The same is followed by relative pronoun that or as.
- He is the same boy who broke the glass. (Incorrect)
- He is the same boy that broke the glass. (Correct)
NOTE: As is used if the verb is not clear in the sentence.
Ex: This is the same dress as mine.
Because, since, as, as soon as are not followed by therefore, thus, etc.
- As he came late, therefore he was punished. (Incorrect)
- As he came late, he was punished. (Correct)
That’s how Spotting Error questions are solved easily. We have provided you with an assignment based on the above rules !!
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