UPSC 2023 - Exam Date, Syllabus PDF, Eligibility, Exam Pattern

By Ritesh|Updated : August 1st, 2022

UPSC 2023 Exam dates have been released by the commission on the official website. The Union Public Service Commission will conduct UPSC CSE 2023 as per the schedule. Candidates preparing for the IAS 2023 exam must ensure that they plan their preparation as per the schedule and comprehensively cover the UPSC Syllabus 2023 for both prelims and mains exam.

As per the UPSC 2023 exam date calendar, the UPSC Prelims 2023 shall be on May 28, 2023. The article below shall cater to all of your needs related to the UPSC 2023 syllabus, exam pattern, dates, and preparation, among others.

Table of Content

UPSC Exam 2023

UPSC conducts the CSE, also known as the IAS Exam, once a year. Candidates who wish to appear for the UPSC Exam 2023 must begin their preparation in advance to improve their chances of clearing the exam with a good score. The competition has been increasing as every year passes. UPSC CSE 2023 will sees millions of students as aspirants, having their crack at the coveted services. However, only a few hundreds make it to the cut.

To begin with, every applicant must have a basic understanding of the UPSC 2023 exam.

UPSC 2023

IAS 2023 Highlights

UPSC 2023 Notification

UPSC will release the official notification in February 2023 in both English and Hindi.

UPSC 2023 Application

The UPSC form 2023 will be released with the notification.

UPSC 2023 Stages

Prelims, Mains and Interview

UPSC 2023 Vacancy

To be released

UPSC 2023 Exam Date

The UPSC 2023 calendar is out now, and it is vital that all candidates keep track of the dates for the best strategy. The UPSC Prelims 2023 has been scheduled for May 28, 2023. We have compiled a concise list of important UPSC Exam Dates for the aspirants to mark on their calendars.

Note all the important UPSC Exam Dates for better planning and preparation.

IAS 2023 Events

UPSC CSE 2023 Exam Dates

Date of Release of UPSC 2023 Notification

01 February 2023

UPSC Form Date 2023

01 February 2023

UPSC Exam 2023 Application Last Date

21 February 2023

UPSC 2023 Prelims Date

28 May 2023

UPSC Mains 2023 Exam Date

15 September 2023

UPSC Exam 2023

UPSC Exam 2023 is conducted in three stages. They are as follows;

  1. UPSC 2023 Prelims
  2. UPSC 2023 Mains
  3. Interview/Personality Test

Coming to their details, each exam has its own pattern and difficulty level.

  1. UPSC Prelims Exam 2023: UPSC Prelims act as a screening test for these services. The exam follows an objective-type approach, i.e., MCQ-type questions are asked. This level must be cleared to appear for Mains.
  2. UPSC Mains Exam 2023: IAS Mains 2023 will be completely subjective in its approach. This exam tests the aspirants on several grounds that gauge their abilities and filter out those that fit an officer's profile the best. The papers in the Mains exams comprise essay writing, English, General Studies, and optional paper subjects.
  3. Interview/Personality Test: UPSC Interview round can be quite intimidating as the track of questioning is very dynamic and can move in any direction. It is meant to test the aspirant's critical thinking, knowledge, decision-making, and quick wits, among other things.

The UPSC Exam has a limited number of attempts for everyone, making it important that candidates keep true to their preparation for each attempt. The general category is given 6 attempts, the OBC category is given 9, and unlimited attempts for those coming from the SC/ST communities.

Like the number of attempts, the UPSC has laid several other criteria for the UPSC 2023 Exam. make sure that you, as an aspirant, go through the UPSC Age Limit and other eligibility details carefully before your preparation begins.

UPSC Syllabus 2023 PDF

Going through the UPSC Syllabus 2023 should be your first priority as an aspirant. Knowing the UPSC Prelims Syllabus and UPSC Mains Syllabus is of utmost importance for formulating the best strategies and time management. All resources such as the UPSC Syllabus and UPSC Previous Years Question Papers are available on the official website.

UPSC Prelims 2023 Syllabus

The UPSC Prelims Syllabus is for the first stage of the IAS Exam. The UPSC Prelims is an elimination round, and the candidates should prepare for it accordingly.

UPSC Prelims 2023 Syllabus for General Studies Paper I

The UPSC Prelims 2023 Syllabus for General Studies Paper I is:

  • Science and Technology: General Science, along with the latest technological developments.
  • Geography: Indian, World, and Human Geography
  • Environment and Ecology: General issues on Environment, Biodiversity and Climate Change, Ecology.
  • Indian Polity and Governance: Political System, Constitution, Panchayati Raj, Rights Issues, Public Policy, etc.
  • History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern History of India, along with Art and Culture
  • Economy: Economic and Social Development, Sustainable Development, Social Sector Initiatives, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, etc.
  • Current Affairs of national and international importance

UPSC Prelims 2023 Syllabus for General Studies Paper II (CSAT)

The UPSC Prelims 2023 Syllabus for General Studies Paper II or the CSAT Syllabus is:

  • Comprehension;
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability;
  • Decision-making and problem-solving;
  • General mental ability;
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level)
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. - Class X level)

UPSC IAS Mains 2023 Syllabus

UPSC Mains 2023 is a subjective type of paper and requires sharp wits and great basics paired with critical thinking. The exam is divided into 9 papers. The IAS Mains Syllabus 2023 is vast. Therefore, it is important to understand the basic structure and the papers in the Mains Exam. The first two papers - Indian Language and English are qualifying papers and will not be included while preparing the merit list.

UPSC Mains 2023 Syllabus for Qualifying Papers

The language papers of the UPSC Mains Syllabus 2023 include Indian Language (Paper A) and English (Paper B). Candidates can select any language mentioned under the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. These two papers are qualifying in nature, and if the candidate scores less than 25% marks either in these papers, their answer sheets of merit counting papers won't get evaluated.

  • UPSC Mains Indian Language Syllabus: Comprehension, Precis Writing, Usage and Vocabulary and Short Essays.
  • UPSC Mains Compulsory English Syllabus: Comprehension of a given passage, Precis Writing, Short Essays, Usage and Vocabulary, Translation from English to the Indian Language, and vice-versa.

UPSC Mains 2023 Syllabus for Essay Paper

The syllabus for the UPSC Mains Paper 1 or the Essay Paper is not explicitly defined. The Essay Paper in the UPSC Mains can be from any niche. Candidates will get a list of topics, and they need to choose two of them to write two essays with a total of 250 marks.

UPSC Mains 2023 Syllabus for General Studies Papers (I-IV)

The General Studies paper of the UPSC Mains 2023 is very elaborative. Candidates preparing for the same need to keep in mind to cover all the topics mentioned in the UPSC Syllabus regarding the same.

  • General Studies I: History and Geography of the World and Society, Indian Heritage and Culture.
  • General Studies II: Governance, Polity, Constitution, Social Justice, and International Relations.
  • General Studies III: Technology, Biodiversity, Economic Development, Security, Environment, and Disaster Management.
  • General Studies IV: Ethics, Aptitude, and Integrity

UPSC Mains 2023 Syllabus for Optional Papers

Optional Subjects for UPSC can be found in Paper 6 and 7 of the UPSC Mains exam. UPSC offers several choices for candidates to choose their optional subjects. As per the UPSC notification, there are 48 optional subjects for UPSC divided into subject-specific subjects and literature optional subjects in UPSC. Each optional paper carries 250 marks, making it a total of 500 marks. The list of optional subjects for UPSC Mains 2023 are:

  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce & Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science & International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology

In addition to these 25 subjects, the literature of all official languages mentioned under Schedule 8 of the Indian Constitution are offered as optional as well.

  • Bengali
  • Bodo
  • Dogri
  • Gujarati
  • Hindi
  • Kannada
  • Kashmiri
  • Konkani
  • Maithili
  • Malayalam
  • Manipuri
  • Marathi
  • Nepali
  • Oriya
  • Punjabi
  • Sanskrit
  • Santhali
  • Sindhi
  • Tamil
  • Telugu
  • Urdu
  • English

UPSC IAS Eligibility 

The official UPSC Notification 2023 mentions the eligibility required for the candidates. It is highly recommended that you check the UPSC Eligibility criteria to avoid trouble later.

Three factors control the eligibility for UPSC CSE 2023: age, nationality, and educational qualification. One noteworthy detail is there is no minimum percentage in graduation required to be eligible for the UPSC 2023 Exam.

UPSC IAS 2023 Age Limit

The age limit for the IAS 2023 Exam must be calculated as of 01 August 2023.


Minimum Age for UPSC 2023

Maximum Age

UPSC IAS Age limit for General

21 year

32 year

UPSC Age limit for OBC

21 year

35 year

IAS age limit for SC/ST

21 year

37 year

IAS Age Relaxation for UPSC 2023

UPSC provide age relaxation for various categories. Applicants must go through the age relaxation details for the UPSC CSE 2023.


Age Relaxation for UPSC 2023

Scheduled caste/Scheduled Tribe

5 years

Other backward classes (OBC)

3 years

Defense Services Personnel

3 years

Ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs

5 years

Deaf, low vision or blindness, hard of hearing, ex-servicemen or candidates with any other muscle deformity or locomotor disability

10 years

Nationality for UPSC Exam 2022

Nationality for UPSC Exam 2023 is simple. A candidate should be;

  • A citizen of India, or
  • A citizen of Bhutan, or
  • A citizen of Nepal, or
  • A Tibetan refugee (settled here before January 1, 1962)
  • An individual of Indian descent who's migrated from Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi, Uganda, Kenya, Zambia, Vietnam, and Zaire.

Educational Qualification for UPSC 2023

The UPSC IAS Exam doesn't require a lot of educational qualifications from the candidates. They must have a graduation-level degree from a government-recognized or UGC-approved university. The graduation could be done in any stream; there is no limitation here.

Candidates in their final years of graduation are also free to apply. However, the only condition here is that the graduation result should be declared before the UPSC Mains 2023 Exam.

UPSC 2023 Application

If you are an aspirant wanting to apply for the UPSC 2023, then follow these simple steps;

  • Step 1: Visit the official UPSC website
  • Step 2: Click on the UPSC 2023 Notification
  • Step 3: Click ‘Apply' and start your filling application with all the necessary details.
  • Step 4: Check your application carefully before submitting it.

The application process for UPSC CSE 2023 is simple enough to understand. However, there are a few things to remember, like;

  • Make sure you scan your picture and signature properly.
  • Fill out your UPSC CSE Application Form as soon as you can. Putting it off till the last minute is a risky business.
  • Also, the exam centres are given to the candidates based on a ‘first-cum-first-serve' basis as there is a maximum limit to the strength the exam centres can hold.
  • Your application fee should be paid. Otherwise, your application won't get submitted.
  • Aspirants are to give details of any one of the following Government Photo IDs;
    • Aadhar Card
    • Voter Card
    • PAN Card
    • Passport
    • Driving Licence, etc.

UPSC Exam Pattern 2023

Candidates must understand the UPSC Exam Pattern in a detailed manner for the upcoming IAS 2023 Exam. Having a good insight into the UPSC Exam Pattern is very important. The initial steps of preparation are always the same for almost anything in life. You need to know what you are up against, which makes the analysis of the UPSC Exam Pattern very crucial. Understanding the nature of the exam is the step on the tall ladder that is UPSC preparation.

UPSC 2023 Prelims Exam Pattern

The UPSC Prelims Exam for IAS 2023 will follow the same paper pattern and marking scheme.

  • This exam is subjective in nature (MCQ questions)
  • The preliminary exam is divided into 2 parts- Paper 1 and Paper 2
  • GS Paper 1 has topics related to:
    • History
    • Economics
    • Geography
    • Polity
    • Science and Technology
    • Current Affairs, etc.
  • GS Paper 2 has topics related to;
    • Logical Reasoning
    • Basic Quantitative Reasoning
    • Comprehension
    • Data interpretation, etc.
    • UPSC Prelims 2023 has a negative marking. For every wrong answer, a third of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted, i.e., 0.33.
    • CSAT or the GS Paper II is qualifying, requiring only 33% to score for the candidates.

S. No.

UPSC Prelims 2023 Paper





GS Paper I



2 hours


GS Paper II (CSAT)



2 hours

UPSC 2023 Mains Exam Pattern

Candidates who clear the UPSC Prelims Exam appear for the UPSC Mains Exam. The IAS Mains 2023 exam consists of descriptive papers, which include a set of qualifying papers that only require the candidate to score 25% of the total marks. These subjects include one language from the list of Indian Languages and English. Apart from this, Essay, Optional Subjects, and General Studies are counted as the ‘merit subjects' which give you the edge over other candidates. The duration is about 3 hours for each paper.

S. No.

UPSC 2023 Mains Paper




Paper A

Indian Language



Paper B




Paper I




Paper II

General Studies I



Paper III

General Studies II



Paper IV

General Studies III



Paper V

General Studies IV



Paper VI

Optional I



Paper VII

Optional II


As the table suggests, the exam is divided into 7 papers, and these 7 papers have been divided between 5 subjects, namely Indian Language, English, Essay, General Studies, and Optional papers. Candidates must learn How to Choose Optional for UPSC as that is a ranking factor in the exam.

UPSC 2023 Interview

Candidates who clear the UPSC Exam 2023 Mains then appear for the interview stage. Go through the IAS Interview Questions to better understand what to expect. The UPSC 2023 Interview is for 275 Marks.

UPSC 2023 Strategy

Preparing for UPSC IAS Exam 2023 can be a very daunting task that few are up for. It requires time, dedication, and determination from a person, and the entire learning process can get a little hard on the mind. However, UPSC CSE 2023 can easily be an apex that you can conquer with the right strategy. Here are some tips to help you realize your dream this year:

  • Well-versed with the Syllabus: Knowing the syllabus should be your first priority. Check the official site for the UPSC CSE 2023 Syllabus.
  • Knowing your study material: Choosing the right UPSC Study Material is essential for clearing the UPSC 2023 Exam.
  • Time is your best play: UPSC Preparation tests your time management more than any other skill. Make sure that you are allotting each subject and topic enough time.
  • Choosing the correct books: There is a lot of information for you to explore on the internet, but not all are relevant. Make sure to choose the NCERT Books to make your foundations firm and recommended UPSC Books to cover your UPSC CSE 2023 Syllabus.
  • Set your timetable and follow-through: Your timetable needs to be a real product of your own availability and sitting capacity. Do not blindly follow the schedule customized by the toppers. Having the correct UPSC Preparation Strategy for UPSC CSE 2023 is very essential.
  • Notes are your best friend: UPSC preparation is usually a year-long affair for most aspirants, or sometimes even longer. Taking notes as you go is best to keep up with the topics you prepared in the initial days. A candidate should know the art of notes making.
  • Practice UPSC Previous Year Question Papers: The most efficient way to prepare for the kind of questions UPSC asks is by reviewing previous years' exam papers and practicing them multiple times
  • Solve Mock Tests: There is a reason why the UPSC Exam is so sought after and continues to befuddle aspirants. The best strategy to tackle the vastness of the syllabus and unpredictability of the exam is to practice with as many mock tests as possible.

☛Also Read:- How to Crack UPSC 2023 Without Coaching


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FAQs for UPSC 2023

  • As per the UPSC Calendar 2023, the notification for the UPSC Civil Services Examination 2023 is expected to be out by February 01, 2023. Once the notification is out, aspirants can apply for IAS/IPS Exam 2023. The last date to apply for UPSC CSE 2023 is February 21, 2023.

  • No, the optional subject is not being removed from UPSC CSE 2023.

  • The vacancies for UPSC 2023 are yet to be announced by the Union Public Service Commission. Candidates must apply online for the IAS 2023 Exam.

  • To crack the UPSC Mains 2023 Exam on First Attempt, here are some tips that you can follow: 

    • Read NCERT textbooks to get your basics right.
    • Go through the previous year's test papers to understand the pattern.
    • Quality over quantity; decide on a few books and stick to them.
    • Read one or two good newspapers to keep yourselves up to date on current affairs. 
    • To cover the vast UPSC syllabus, you must plan your day, your week, and your month. Have daily or weekly goals and strive to achieve them.
    • Revision of the entire syllabus at least twice before the UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains is necessary. With well-made notes, you could revise the whole syllabus.
    • Attempting mock papers can give you an idea of the type of questions asked by the UPSC and helps you assess your preparation level well in advance.
    • Finally, you must work hard with passion and perseverance and think of your dream.
  • There are a total of 48 Optional Subjects for UPSC 2023, and a candidate gets the freedom to choose any subject he/she likes. There will be two papers on the optional subjects, each with 250 marks. Total UPSC optional subjects are divided into subject-specific subjects and literature subjects.

  • To choose one of the best optional subjects for UPSC 2023, one must first shortlist 3-4 subjects out of the total 48 based on the educational background, interest in the subject, overlap with the GS syllabus, and more. Out of the shortlisted subjects, go through the complete UPSC optional subjects syllabus and analyze if the topics interest you.

  • According to UPSC Calendar 2023, Civil Services Preliminary Exam will be held on May 28, and its notification will be issued on February 1, 2023. The last date to apply for this is February 21. The exam dates are subject to change as per the circumstances.

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