CLAT Full Form: Know Details for CLAT Exam Full Form

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 11th, 2023

CLAT Full form is the Common Law Admission Test. Candidates who wish to appear in the upcoming exam must know the CLAT Full Form and other important details of the exam. In this article, BYJU’S Exam Prep experts have shared all the details related to the CLAT Exam Full Form and other details related to exam history, paper pattern, eligibility, and the list of NLUs.

CLAT is a national Law exam conducted by NLUs Consortium to shortlist the candidates for different Law courses in the top NLUs. Read the article below and know more about the CLAT Full Form and other necessary information.

What is CLAT Full Form?

The CLAT Exam Full Form is Common Law Admission Test. It is a national-level Law Entrance Exam administered by NLUs Consortium. Candidates aiming at CLAT can get an opportunity to study various law programs at the top NLUs in India. CLAT is the most popular law exam among prospective management students. CLAT Result is also accepted by most of India’s prestigious law institutes, including Amity University, IFCAI Law School, Hyderabad, and many more.

There are 5 sections in CLAT, including

  • Legal Reasoning
  • Logical Reasoning
  • English Language
  • Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
  • Quantitative Techniques.

The candidates have to be graduated in any stream from any recognized university. However, final-year students can also apply for this exam if they qualify for the basic CLAT Eligibility.

CLAT Exam Full Form Highlights

Go through the table below to get some basic information about CLAT Full Form and other details. It will help you to gain a better understanding of the exam. Note important Dos and Donts for CLAT.



CLAT Full Form

Common Law Admission Test

Conducting Body

Consortium of NLUs

Registration Mode


Exam Mode

Offline Pen and Paper Based

CLAT Questions Paper

Both MCQs and TITA

Exam Sections

5 Sections


The candidates have to score a minimum of 45% marks in Class 12 board exam.

Courses offered


History of CLAT

It is a national-level Law exam conducted by the Consortium in recent years. But, previously, it was conducted by NLUs on a rotational basis. To make the admission process of the CLAT organized and more transparent, 18 NLUs came together and set this CLAT Conducting on 19 August 2017. Later, some other universities joined CLAT Consortium, and now there are 23 NLUs. Here is a brief on the origin of the CLAT Exam.

☛ See also: How to Prepare for CLAT Law Legal Aptitude

  • The first NLU was founded in Bangalore in the year 1987.
  • After 10 years of the establishment of this NLU, the second Law University, namely NALSAR (National Academy of Legal Studies and Research) founded in Hyderabad. Go through CLAT Study Plan and be prepared accordingly.
  • At that time, NLUs or this CLAT Consortium were created in the pattern of IIMs and IITs.
  • In 2008, these NLUs signed MoU in front of the UGC members and MHRD Secretary to hold the CLAT entirely. Under this authorization, the first CLAT Exam was held offline with an MCQ-based question paper.
  • The seeds of the CLAT Consortium were grown in 2015, and participating NLUs discussed the formation of the Consortium in the wider interest.
  • Shamnad Bashir filed a PIL (CWP 600 of 2015) in which he highlighted the need for a permanent administration with a permanent committee to study the CLAT. Check CLAT Important Topics in detail.
  • Disha Panchal v Union of India filed another CWP 551 of 2018 in 2018. In this matter, the MHRD was directed to examine the behaviour of the Consortium of NLUs to ensure that it was conducted reasonably and fairly.
  • Finally, a permanent CLAT Secretariat was created in Bangalore on 17 October 2018. The exam is now conducted by the executive members of the Consortium of CLAT.

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Presently, the Consortium has its headquarters in the NLSIU (Bangalore), which involves:

  • An Executive Committee
  • The CLAT Convenor of the present year (DNLU Jabalpur for CLAT 2020)
  • The CLAT Convenor of the following year
  • Two co-selected Vice-Chancellors of NLU

Eligibility of CLAT

The candidates who are appearing for the upcoming exam must know the eligibility criteria along with the CLAT Full Form. Note the below points to get an overview of the CLAT Eligibility.

  • The candidates must be citizens of India or NRI.
  • The candidates must score 45% marks (40% for the reserved category) in the Class 12 board exam to appear CLAT UG Exam. Tips to Prepare for CLAT without Coaching.
  • However, for CLAT PG Courses, you must score 50% marks (45% for the reserved category).
  • There are no specifications for the upper CLAT age limit

Paper Pattern of CLAT

The CLAT Entrance Exam duration is 120 minutes. That means the candidates must complete the question paper within this time limit. A total of 150 MCQs are asked in this exam from the below-mentioned 5 sections.

  • Legal Reasoning
  • Logical Reasoning
  • English Language
  • Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
  • Quantitative Techniques.

As per the CLAT marking scheme, the candidates will get +1 for every correct response, and -0.25 marks will be deducted for every incorrect answer. Thereby, the candidates must be well-versed with the topic-wise weightage and total marks along with the CLAT Full Form to ace this exam in one chance. Note the table below to get an idea of the latest CLAT Exam Pattern.

CLAT Important Topics

Number of Questions

CLAT Total Marks


English Language




Current Affairs, including General Knowledge




Legal Reasoning




Logical Reasoning




Quantitative Techniques








☛ Check all the details for CLAT Answer Key

List of 23 NLUs that Accept CLAT Score

Here is a list of 23 NLUs, in which the candidates will get an opportunity to study law if they clear the CLAT Cut Off. It is important, and the candidates must know the list of NLUs along with the CLAT Full Form to avoid the last-minute hassle.

  • NLSIU, Bangalore
  • NALSAR, Hyderabad
  • NLIU, Bhopal
  • WBNUJS, Kolkata
  • NLU, Jodhpur
  • HNLU, Raipur
  • GNLU, Gandhinagar
  • RMLNLU, Lucknow
  • RGNUL, Punjab
  • CNLU, Patna
  • NUALS, Kochi
  • NLUO, Odisha
  • NUSRL, Ranchi
  • NLUJA, Assam
  • DSNLU, Visakhapatnam
  • TNNLU, Tiruchirapalli
  • MNLU, Mumbai
  • MNLU, Nagpur
  • MNLU, Aurangabad
  • HPNLU, Shimla
  • DNLU, Jabalpur
  • DBRANLU, Haryana

☛ Get an expert-recommended CLAT Books PDF list.

Benefits of CLAT

Common Law Admission Test CLAT is the most prestigious and competitive Law Exam in India. Many top Law Colleges consider the score or rank of this exam. Let’s understand some major advantages of opting for CLAT below.

Opportunity to Study Law in NLUs

CLAT is mainly held for evaluating candidates’ skills in the law field. It provides a great opportunity for the candidates to get admission to the top law colleges in India, like NLUs, that consider the CLAT Score before giving admission to the candidate. Get all the details for CLAT Registration.

Top Placement

As the top law colleges of India accept the exam, its placements are also very high. Candidates can get up to Rs 4-16 lakh per annum after admission through this exam. Aspirants can get a job in top organizations, like ICICI Bank, Times of India, Tata Sons Ltd, and so forth. Check CLAT Syllabus and be prepared with the topics covered in this exam.

Thereby, CLAT is the most important exam for candidates who are interested in becoming lawyers or judges in courts. If you are doing CLAT Preparation and crack it with a good score you will get an opportunity to study different law courses in your dream NLUs. So, the candidates must be well-versed with the CLAT Full Form and the other important details of this exam.

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