PIB analysis 15th August to 21st August, 2020: important for UPSC and State Services Examinations

By Nitin Singhal|Updated : August 23rd, 2020

PIB Analysis is a very important source of Current Affairs for those aspirants who are preparing for UPSC and other State Services Examinations like UPPSC, BPSC, HPPSC, WBPSC, PPSC, OPSC, RPSC and so on. Apart from this it is also very important for other one-day exams like RBI Grade B, SSC CGL, NABARD, SEBI Grade A and B, IBPS etc. 

PIB analysis 15th August to 21st August, 2020



Recently, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs has launched SWASTHYA portal to provide health and nutrition services to the tribal people of the country.

About SWASTHYA Portal

  • It is a first of its kind e-portal, providing all health and nutrition related information of the tribal population of India in a single platform. 
  • Swasthya will also curate innovative practices, research briefs, case studies, and best practices collected from different parts of India to facilitate the exchange of evidence, expertise and experiences. 
  • The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has recognized Piramal Swasthya as the Centre of Excellence for Knowledge Management (CoE for KM) for Health and Nutrition.
  • The CoE will constantly engage with the Ministry and provide inputs to drive evidence-based policy and decision-making pertaining to health and nutrition of the tribal population of India.

Other initiatives by Ministry of Tribal Affairs

  • Going Online as Leaders (GOAL)’ Programme
    • Through the GOAL Programme, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs aims to mentor 5000 Tribal Youth across India and enable them to become village-level digital young leaders for their communities. 
    • This initiative will realize its objectives and result in empowering tribal youth to become a leading resource in their area of influence.
    • This programme will help tribal youth and enable them to gain leadership skills, identify problems in their society, find solutions and use their knowledge for society’s socio-economic status.

Project Lion and Project Dolphin


In his independence day speech, the Prime Minister had announced the launch of Project Lion and Project Dolphin. 

About Project Dolphin

  • The Project Dolphin aims for the conservation and protection of the Dolphins in the rivers and in oceans of the country.
  • This project will involve conservation of Dolphins and the aquatic habitat through use of modern technology specially in enumeration and anti-poaching activities.
  • The project will engage the fishermen and other river/ ocean dependent population and will strive for improving the livelihood of the local communities.
  • The conservation of Dolphin will also envisage activities which will also help in the mitigation of pollution in rivers and in the oceans.

About Project Lion

  • The Project Lion will involve conservation of the Asiatic Lion and its landscape in a holistic manner. 
  • It will entail habitat development, engage modern technologies in Lion management and address the issues of disease in Lion and its associated species through advanced world-class research and veterinary care. 
  • The project will also address Human-wildlife conflict and will be inclusive involving local communities living in the vicinity of Lion landscape and will also provide livelihood opportunities.

Other initiatives for Environment Conservation

  • Nagar Van Scheme- 
    • It was announced on the occasion of World Environment Day, 2020 for creation of 200 Nagar Van, on forest land by adopting a collaborative approach, involving various agencies like forest and other departments, NGOs, Corporate Bodies, Industries etc, was also discussed at length during the course of the meeting. 
    • Initially, the Ministry of Environment will be giving grants for fencing and soil moisture works. 
    • The primary objective is to create forested areas in cities with Municipal Corporation, which will act as lungs of the cities.
  • School Nursery scheme
    • This which aims at involving school students from the young age in nursery and plantation operations was also elaborated and discussed during the course of the four-hour long meeting. 
    • The objective of the scheme is to inculcate the spirit of forest and environment in the mind of young students.
  • LiDAR technology, an airborne remote sensing method which will assist in identification of the degraded land for construction of soil and water conservation structures and launch of a nationwide National Transit Portal to promote smooth inter-state movement of forest produce,whose pilot was launched recently was also an agenda item of the meeting.

Swadeshi Microprocessor Challenge


The Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology has launched the “Swadeshi Microprocessor Challenge- Innovate Solutions for Aatmanirbhar Bharat”.

About the initiative

  • It aims to provide further impetus to the strong ecosystem of Start-up, innovation and research in the country.
  • Under this initiative, IIT Madras and Center for Development of Advance Computing (CDAC) have developed two microprocessors named SHAKTI (32 bit) and VEGA (64 bit) respectively using Open Source Architecture under the aegis of Microprocessor Development Programme of Ministry of Electronics and IT. 
  • It seeks to invite innovators, startups and students to use these microprocessors to develop various technology products.
  • The “Swadeshi Microprocessor Challenge” is part of the series of proactive, preemptive and graded measures taken by Ministry of Electronics and IT to spur the technology led innovation ecosystem in the country and staying at the forefront of digital adoption. 
  • Open to students at all levels and startups.
  • The Challenge demands contestants to not only tinker with these Swadeshi Processor IPs & facilitate them with innovating the frugal solutions for societal needs but also make available the entire home-grown ecosystem around Swadeshi Processors to develop the complex designs for catering to both global and domestic requirements in near future.

Drone based surveillance system for Railway Security


Mumbai Division of Central Railway in Indian Railways has recently procured two Ninja UAVs for better security and surveillance in Railway areas like station premises, Railway track sections, yards, workshops, etc.

About the Drone Surveillance System

  • These drones are capable of Real Time Tracking, Video Streaming and may be operated on Automatic Fail Safe Mode.
  • The purpose of the drone deployment is to provide a force multiplier and aid to the effectiveness of the security personnel deployed. 
  • It can help in inspection of Railway assets and safety of Yards, Workshops, car sheds etc.
  • It can be used to launch surveillance on criminal and anti-social activities like gambling, throwing of garbage, hawking etc in Railway premises. 
  • It may be deployed for data collection Analysis of such data collected may prove to be extremely useful in vulnerable sections for safe operations of trains.
  • Drone beats have been designed based on railway asset, sensitivity of area, activity of criminals etc. 
  • Drone acts as an “EYE IN THE SKY” and monitors the whole area.

Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) sheet for electromagnetic interference


Recently, the scientists from the Centre for Nano and Soft Matter Sciences (CeNS), an autonomous institution under Department of Science and Technology (DST) have fabricated the transparent and flexible EMI shields made of metal meshes using the crack templating method via spray coating.


  • The copper metal mesh was developed on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) sheet as its substrate, which exhibited a visible transmittance (T), a parameter of visible transparency of about 85% and sheet resistance. 
  • The metal mesh is more transparent compared to continuous metal film.
  •  Metal mesh provides better electromagnetic shielding compare to same thickness of continuous metal film where transparency can be compromised. 
  • This metal mesh can be created on any desired substrates such as acrylic, polycarbonate, glass, etc. without compromising the conductivity of the electrodes and it is a transparent shield for electromagnetic interference (EMI).
  • The invisible shield can be used in various military stealth applications and can cover electromagnetic wave emitter or absorber devices without compromising their aesthetics.

National Recruitment Agency (NRA)


Recently, the cabinet has approved the establishment of the National Recruitment Agency, paving the way for a transformational reform in the recruitment process for central government jobs.

About National Recruitment Agency

  • It is a multi-agency body called the National Recruitment Agency (NRA) which will conduct a Common Eligibility Test (CET) to screen/shortlist candidates for the Group B and C (non-technical) posts.
  • The NRA will have representatives from the Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Finance/Department of Financial Services, the SSC, RRB & IBPS. 
  • It is envisioned that the NRA would be a specialist body bringing the state-of-the-art technology and best practices to the field of Central Government recruitment.

TRIFOOD launched by Ministry of Tribal Affairs


Recently, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs has launched the tertiary processing centres of  “Trifood Project” of TRIFED.

About the TRIFOOD

  • Being implemented by TRIFED, Ministry of Tribal Affairs in association with Ministry of Food Processing (MoFPI), TRIFOOD aims to enhance the income of tribals through better utilization of and value addition to the MFPs collected by the tribal forest gatherers.
    • TRIFED is the nodal agency for the upliftment of the tribals in India.
  • To achieve this, as a start, two Minor Forest Produce (MFP) processing units will be set up in Raigad (Maharashtra) and Jagdalpur (Chhattisgarh).
  • This project will help in promoting tribal entrepreneurship. 
  • This project will not only ensure that this bio-diversity is maintained but also forges backward and forward linkages, while promoting the development of the tribals.

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Lucky Diyawar
Plz sir hindi me bhi btaiye🙏
Rajani Kumari Baodya
Me  bhi update kr dijye sir...
Saifur Rahman
Sir ,I don't know ans

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