National Commission for Scheduled Castes (SCs)

By Sudheer Kumar K|Updated : June 7th, 2021

National Commission for Scheduled Castes (SCs) is a constitutional body constituted by the Article 338 of Constitution of India. The Commission investigates, monitors the rights and safeguards of SCs and reports to the President annually.

National Commission for Scheduled Castes (SCs)

The National Commission for SCs is established by Article 338. Originally, Article 338 provided for National Commission for SCs and STs.

National Commission for SCs and STs were bifurcate by the 89th Consititutional Amendment Act, 2003. Thus, National Commission for SC came into being in 2004.

Composition of the commission:

The commission consists of:

  • a Chairperson,
  • a Vice-Chairperson and
  • 3 other members

All are appointed by the President.

President determines their term and service conditions.

Functions of NCSC

  • Investigating and monitoring matters relating to constitutional and legal safeguards meant for SCs.
  • Inquiring into specific complaints regarding deprivation of rights and safeguards of SCs.
  • Advising government for the socio and economic development of SCs
  • Presenting reports to the President about the working of safeguards meant for SCs.
  • Making recommendations to Union and state governments about measures to be taken for the effective implementation of those safeguards.
  • Discharging any such function related to protection and welfare and development of SCs as the President may specify.

Report of the Commission

The commission presents annual report to the President. And the President places such reports before the Parliament or forward any report of the Commission pertaining to a state government to the state Governor.

Powers of the Commission

  • It can regulate its own procedure
  • During investigation or inquiring into any complaint, the commission has all the powers of Civil Court with respect to:
    • Summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person
    • Requiring discovery of any document
    • Receiving evidence on affidavits
    • Requesting any public record from any court or office
    • Issuing summons and examining witnesses and documents etc.

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