# Resistant Body: Definition, and Examples

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Before we go into the specifics of the resistant body, let’s first understand the body. Body refers to anything that has mass and occupies some volume. For example, an atom is also a body, a box, and a car is also a body. A resistant body is a body that is not rigid yet behaves like one while operating in a machine.

Resistant Body PDF

In practice, nobody is rigid since motion or force is always transmitted through some deformation. As a result, the body should resist transmitting motion or force. Although resistant bodies are undeformable for their purpose, they may get distorted when employed in other high-load conditions. Let’s dive deep into the concepts related to the resistant body.

Table of content

## Resistant Body

A resistant body is a body that is not rigid yet behaves like one while operating in a machine. In practice, nobody is rigid since motion or force is always transmitted through some deformation. As a result, the body should resist transmitting motion or force. GATE exam may carry MCQ-based questions on resistant bodies or concepts related to it.

### Example of Resistant Body

A machine is a collection of rigid or resistant bodies that are made and connected in such a way that they move in specific relative motions and transmit force from the source of power to the resistance to be overcome. Examples of a resistant body are as follows:

• A chair that can support 120kg will behave like a rigid body up to that weight, but if the load is increased, it may deform. As a result, this chair is known as a resistant body.
• The cycle chain is the resistant body because it functions like a rigid body while transmitting motion to the cycle’s rear wheel. The belt is in a belt and pulley setup.

## What is Rigid Body?

A rigid body is a solid body with no or minimal deformation that may be ignored. The distance between any two points on a rigid body remains constant, regardless of the external forces or moments acting on it. A rigid body is typically thought of as a continuous distribution of mass. Rigid bodies and their concepts are conceptually important for GATE question paper.

A rigid body does not exist in the study of special relativity, and objects can only be assumed rigid if they are not traveling near the speed of light. Equilibrium of rigid body is one of the essential topics of the GATE notes. A rigid body is commonly thought of in quantum mechanics as a collection of point masses. Molecules, for example, are frequently seen as hard bodies.

## Difference Between Resistant Body and Rigid Body

Rigid bodies do not deform (regardless of the quantity and nature of force/torque applied). They do not exist in the real world; they are merely ideas.

Resistant bodies, on the other hand, are undeformable for their purpose, but they may get deformed when used in other high-stress scenarios.