UP Static GK: Medieval History of Uttar Pradesh

By Arpit Kumar Jain|Updated : November 1st, 2017
  • Agra was founded by Sultan Sikander Lodhi in 1506.
  • After Sikandar Lodi, Ibrahim Lodi ascended to the throne of Agra, who was defeated by Babur in the first battle of Panipat in 1526 and Babur established Mughal Empire.
  • Agra was the main center of education during the Mughal period. Indigo was cultivated in the adjoining areas of Agra during the Mughal period.
  • Mughal historians called Uttar Pradesh as Hindustan.
  • The Agra fort was built by Akbar.
  • Noorjahan got built the tomb of his father, I'timād-ud-Daulah in Agra.
  • 'Tajmahal', Deewane Aam, Deewane Khas and 'Moti Masjid' of Agra was built during rein of Shah Jahan .
  • By the end of the twelfth century, Qutbuddin Aibak captured Kalpi (Jalaun district) and made it part of Delhi Sultanate.
  • Among Akbar's Navratanas Birbal and Todramal belonged to Uttar Pradesh.
  • Birbal belonged to Kalpi, Where evidence of Birbal's Rang Mahal and the Mughal Mint have been found.
  • Jaunpur was established by Firoz Shah Tughlaq.
  • Jaunpur was known as Shiraz-e-Hind during the reign of Sharqi dynasty.
  • Orchha ruler Beer Singh Bundela got Jhansi built in 1613.
  • Rani Laxmibai, the wife of Gangadhar Rai, was the ruler of the independent state of Jhansi, who died while fighting against the British in the freedom struggle of 1857.
  • Laxmibhai's palace, Mahadev Temple and Mehdi Bagh are in Jhansi.
  • Because of Sheikh Salim Chishti, Akbar considered Fatehpur Sikri a sacred land.
  • From 1573-1588, it was the capital of the Mughal Empire.
  • Shahjahan shifted Mughal capital to Delhi from Agra.
  • The last Nawab of Lucknow was Wazid Ali Shah, who was removed from Lucknow by the British in 1856 by Lord Dalhousie.
  • Mughal Emperor Akbar got his own tomb built in Sikandara (a suburb of Agra) which was later completed by Emperor Jahangir in 1613.
  • Atala Mosque, Jama Masjid or Jama Mosque or Jami Masjid or Bari Masjid  and Lal Darwaja are famous monuments of Shrqi dynasty.
  • The Atala Mosque and Jhangari Mosque of Jaunpur were constructed by Ibrahim Shah Sharqi.
  • Badaun's Jama Masjid was constructed by Iltutmish.
  • From 1707 (From the death of Aurangzeb) to 1757  (Battle of Plassey) present Uttar Pradesh had five independent kingdoms.
  • 'Treaty of Allahabad' was signed between the British and Mughal ruler Shah Alam II In 1765.
  • After the death of Shuja-ud-Daulah, Asaf-ud-Daula was a Nawab of Awadh in 1775.
  • Asaf-ud-Daula had handed over the area of the Benaras to the British by the Treaty of Faizabad (1775 ).
  • Asaf-ud-Daula got constructed Imambara in 1784 in Lucknow to celebrate Muharram.

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