UP Gram Panchayat Adhikari, VDO & Police Constable Exam will consist of Uttar Pradesh State GK questions. In this article, we have updated Uttar Pradesh Static GK Notes of UP Art & Culture, Museum, and famous personalities. These notes will help you prepare efficiently for the upcoming UP State Exams 2018. Read this article carefully and improve your knowledge.
Uttar Pradesh Static GK Notes: Art & Culture
- भरतमुनि का नाट्यशास्त्र’ composed in ancient period is the 'Bible of the musicians’ of North India.
- Mahaprabhu Vallabhacharya established a पुष्टि संप्रदाय in Mathura-Vrindavan.
- Vitthal Nath established Krishnaleela Gaan Panth (कृष्णलीला गान संप्रदाय)
- In Ashtachhap poets were - Surdas, Nand Das, Parmandand das, Kumbhna das, Chaturbuja das, Chhit Swami, Govind Swami, and Krishnadas.
- Swami Haridas, the propagator of the Sakhi Panth, composed 'Shrikalimal' and 'Ashtashash'.
- Swami Haridas had trained Tansen on Deepak Raag, Baiju Bawra on Megh Raag, and Gopal Nayak on Maalakauns Raag.
- Amir Khusro had mixed famous Iranian music raags in Indian Raag.
- Modu Khan and Bakshur Khan propagated the Lucknow Gharana of Tabla.
- Modu Khan's disciple Pt. Ramsahay propagated the Banaras VaJ Gharana.
- The Agra Gharana is also called the Kawwal bachcha Gharana.
- Singer Ustad Fayaz Khan belongs to Agra Gharana.
- Akbar's court singer Sujhan Khan is said to be the originator of the Agra Gharana.
- Bahram Khan of Saharanpur Gharana was given the title of Pandit.
- Sitara Devi and Alkhananda Devi of Varanasi received fame in the field of Kathak dance.
- Following are the famous Uttar Pradesh players of respective instruments Violin playing: Mrs N. Rajam; Shehany Vadan: Ustad Bismillah Khan; Sitar Vandan: Pt-Ravi Shankar, Rajbhan Singh, Ustad Mushtaq Ali Khan and in Dance: Uday Shankar and Gopikrishna.
- Kathak style of dance originated in Uttar Pradesh.
- Bindaddin, Shambhu Maharaj, Lachhu Maharaj and Birju Maharaj were famous practitioners Kathak.
- 'Charakula' is a pitcher dance which is the folk dance of Brajbhoomi.
- 'Pai Danda' dance is performed by Aheers of Bundelkhand.
- 'Rai Nritya' is a peacock dance of the women of Bundelkhand. It is performed on the occasion of Shrikrishna Janmashtami.
- 'Shara Dance' is popular in the districts of Hamirpur, Jhansi, and Lalitpur in the Bundelkhand region. This dance is done by the young boys and girls of the farming community in the rainy season. In this dance, worship, and blessings of Vedic deity Indra is sought for successful harvesting of the crop
- Deepawali dance' is done by Bundelkhandi Aheers, on the occasion of Deepawali, with lightened lamps held on the head.
- 'Kartik song dance' is prevalent in the Bundelkhand region of the state. Kartik song is a description of the relationship between Krishna and Gopis.
- 'Dhobiya Raga' is performed by the Dhobi castes of the state.
- The dance performed on the occasion of auspicious events by kahar is called 'Natwari Nritya'.
- 'Chaurasia Dance' is a dance performed by Kahars in the Jaunpur district of Uttar Pradesh.
- Karma dance is a dance jointly organized by women and men of Coal tribes in Mirzapur and Sonbhadra districts of Uttar Pradesh.
- The most popular folk drama dance in Uttar Pradesh is Nautanki.
- Ramleela Nautanki is organized in the month of September / October during Navratri. Ramleela is sequential incidents portrayal of the life of Lord Rama.
- Biraha, Chaitya, Bhola, Kajree, Rasia, Aallah, Puran Bhagat and Bhartrihari are the main folk songs of Uttar Pradesh.
- Ragini, Dhola, Swang are the main folk songs of western Uttar Pradesh.
- Lavani, Baharatbile is the main folk song in the Rubelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh.
Important Fairs & Festivals
- Taj Mahotsav is organized in Agra.
- ''Salahakul Utsav", a symbol of Hindu-Muslim unity, is organized in Agra.
- In Uttar Pradesh, on the occasion of the Holi festival, 'Lattathmar Holi' is organized in the barasana.
- In Uttar Pradesh, the world's largest fair (Kumbh Mela) is organized in Allahabad.
- 'Kumbh Mela ' is organized every 12 years and Ardha Kumbh Mela is organized in the intervals of every 6 years.
- Dadri's Animal Fair is organized on Kartik Purnima, in Ballia.
- Magh Mela is organized every year in Allahabad.
- Haridas Jayanti Festival and Dhrupad Mela organized annually in Bhadrapad Shukla Paksha in Mathura, in which the best musicians participate.
- The most spoken regional language/Boli in the Uttar Pradesh is Bhojpuri.
- Khadi language/Boli is spoken in areas like East Delhi, Meerut, Bagpat, Mujjafar Nagar, Ghaziabad, Gautam Buddha Nagar etc.
- Awadhi language/Boli is spoken in areas like Faizabad, Gonda, Shravasti, Lucknow, Amethi, Allahabad etc · Mathura, Aligarh, Agra, Firozabad, Bareilly etc. are the area of Braj language/Boli.
- Kannauji language/Boli is spoken in Kannauj, Etawah, Auraya, Kanpur etc. Kannauj language and Braj languages share many similarities.
- Bundeli langauge/ boli is spoken in Jhansi, Lalitpur, Hamirpur, Chitrakoot etc.
- Bagheli is the least spoken language/ boli in the Uttar Pradesh.
- Film Corporation of UP was established in 1975.
- Uttar Pradesh has 3 Doordarshan centers.
- Uttar Pradesh has 12 AIR stations.
Uttar Pradesh Static GK Notes: Parks
Park / City / Center
|Buddha Vihar Peace and Memorial Park||Lucknow|
|Ramabai Ambedkar maidan||Lucknow|
|Electronic city||Noida and Agra|
|Cyber /IT city||Kanpur|
|Information Technology Park||Noida, Moradabad, Agra, Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi|
|Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Park||Kanpur|
|Agro park||Barabanki and Varanasi|
|Plastic City||Kanpur and Jaunpur|
|Software Technology Park||Noida, Agra, Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad,|
|First water park in eastern U.P.||Gorakhpur|
|First hi-tech park of State||Lucknow|
|State level energy park||Lucknow|
|First DNA Park of Asia||Lucknow|
|Night safari park||Greater Noida|
|First film center of State||Noida|
|Forensic labs in the state||Agra and Lucknow|
|Cyber labs in state||Agra|
|Heritage cities||Agra and Varanasi|
Uttar Pradesh Static GK Notes: Museums
|Uttar Pradesh's multipurpose museum|
|International reputed museum of Mathura Art|
International Ram Katha & Art Gallery Museum
|Establishment, exhibition, preservation, and maintenance of Artifacts of stories.|
|To protect the medieval history of Bundelkhand|
State Buddhist Museum
|For the promotion of Buddhism|
Folk art Museum
|For display, preservation, and promotion of all the folk arts practised in Uttar Pradesh|
|For preservation and promotion of ancient estates from the district|
State Buddhist Museum
|For display, preservation, and dissemination of various aspects related to Buddhism at the International level|
State Archaeological Museum
|For the protection of the works of Mokhri, Vardhan and Pratihar dynasties|
|State Independence Struggle Museum||Meerut|
|For the protection of various weapons arms and various artefacts related to India's first freedom struggle.|
State Jain Museum
|For display, preservation, and promotion of various artefacts related to Jainism|
Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar library and Museum
|For the compilation of all types of materials related to Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar|
State Buddhist Museum
For display, preservation, and promotion of various artefacts related to Buddhism
Uttar Pradesh Static GK Notes: Famous Personalities
1. Gautama Buddha
- The founder of Buddhism, Gautama Buddha, was born in Lumbini, 563 BC, in the house of King Shroudhan of Ikshvaku Kshatriya Shakyakul.
- His mother's name was Mahamaya. She was from the Koli dynasty.
- His wife's name was Yashodhara and son's name was Rahul.
- He got knowledge under Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya (Bihar). He gave his first sermon in Sarnath.
- He died at the age of 80 years (Mahaparinirvana) in Kushinagar Uttar Pradesh.
- Banabhatta was a writer and poet of Sanskrit prose of the seventh century.
- He was the poet during the King Harshvardhan's reign (606 BC to 646 BC).
- His two major works are Harshacharitam and Kadambari.
3. Ziauddin Barani
- Ziauddin Barani was a historian and political thinker who lived in India during the time of Muhammad bin Tughlaq and Feroz Shah Tughlaq.
- 'Tarike Phorozshahi' is his famous historical work. Ziauddin Barani was born in the Syed family in 1285 AD.
- Ziauddin was a resident of Baran (modern Bulandshahr) and he used to add Barni in his name. He died in 1357 AD.
4. Amir Khusro
- His real name was - Abul Hassan Yemenuddin Muhammad.
- Amir Khusro was born in the Patiali village (Kasganj) in Uttar Pradesh's Etah district in 1253. He was a Persian poet and used to write in Hindavi language.
- He used to call himself Tuti-e-Hind. He is credited with the invention of the Khadi Boli.
5. Abul Fazal
- He was born on 14 January 1551 in Agra.
- Abul Fazl was the second son of Sheikh Mubarak Nagori.
- His two compositions are Akbarnama and Nayne Akbari.
- In 1602, Bundela king Veerasinghadeo killed Abul Fazl by provoking Prince Salim.
- Birbal was one of the Navaratnas in the court of Mughal emperor, Akbar.
- Birbal's satirical stories and poetry compositions made him famous.
- Birbal was born in 1528 AD in the city of Kanpur, in 'Trikikampur', ie, in Tikwapur.
- Birbal had adopted the Din-i-Elahi religion.
- He died in 1586 AD.
7. Sir Syed Amad Khan
- Syed Ahmed Khan was born on October 17, 1817, in Sadat (Syed), Delhi.
- He was a teacher, lawmaker, writer and the founder of the Anglo-Mohammedan Oriental College, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh.
- Sir Syed Ahmed was a reformer and a visionary who made efforts throughout his life for spreading education among Muslims
8. Rani Lakshmi Bai
- Rani Lakshmibai was a freedom fighter in the first Indian freedom struggle of 1857.
- She was born on 19 November 1835 in Bhadaini town of Varanasi. Rani Laxmibai's childhood name was Manikarnika, people used to call her as Manu.
- Her mother's name was Bhagirathibhai and father's name was Moropant Tambe.
- She was married to Maharaj Gangadhar of Jhansi.
- Opposing Dalhousie’s doctrine of lapse she died fighting the Britishers in Gwalior on June 18, 1858
9. Nana Saheb
- Nana Saheb was one of the architects of the first struggle for Indian independence of 1857. His original name was 'Dhondumpant'.
- In the freedom struggle, Nana Saheb led the rebels against the Britishers in Kanpur.
- Nana Sahib was born in 1824 in the house of Madhavarnayana Rao, a resident of Venugram.
- His father was the brother of Peshwa Bajirao II.
10. Tatya Tope
- Tatya Tope was born in 1814 AD in the village of Yeola in Patauda district near Nashik.
- His father's name Pandurang Triambak Bhatt and mother's name was Rukmini Bai.
- He was the commander of the army of Nana Saheb.
11. Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya
- Mahamna Madan Mohan Malaviya was born on 25 December 1861 in a Brahmin family of Allahabad. His father's name was Brajnath Malaviya and mother's name was Munadevi.
- Malviya Ji founded Banaras Hindu University in the year 1915.
- He was elected Congress president in the year 1909, 1918, 1930 and 1932.
- He died on 12 November 1946 (85 Years).
- The Government of India honoured him with Bharat Ratna on December 24, 2014.
12. Motilal Nehru
- Motilal Nehru was born on May 6, 1861, in Agra. He was the father of our first Prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
- He chaired the Congress session of 1919 in Amritsar and Calcutta in 1928.
- In 1923, he along with CR Das set up Swaraj Party.
- He was president of the Indian Constitution Commission established by Congress in 1928. This commission presented the Nehru Report.
- Motilal Nehru passed away in Allahabad in 1931.
13. Ramprasad Bismil
- Ram Prasad Bismil was born on June 11, 1897, in Shahjahanpur district of Uttar Pradesh. His father's name was Murlidhar and his mother's name was Basmati.
- Ram Prasad Bismil was a freedom fighter, poet, translator, historian and literary writer.
- Sarfrosi ki Tamanna is his composition. He was involved in kakori train robbery. And was hanged by the British government on December 19, 1927, in Gorakhpur Jail.
14. Mangal Pandey
- Mangal Pandey was born on 30th January in Nagwa village of Ballia district.
- He was a platoon soldier in "34th Bengal Native Infantry" stationed at Military Cantonment of Barrackpur near Kolkata.
- He refused to use greased cartridges and mutinied and killed his adjutant and was hanged on 8 April 1857
15. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
- Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889 in Allahabad.
- In 1947, he became the first Prime Minister of independent India.
- His sister Vijayalakshmi Pandit later became the first woman president of United Nations General Assembly.
- In 1916, he got married to Kamala Nehru, and in 1923, he was made General Secretary of Indian National Congress.
- Jawaharlal Nehru died on May 27, 1964, due to a heart attack.
16. Lal Bahadur Shastri
- Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2 October 1904 in Mughalsarai (Uttar Pradesh).
- After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, he was made the Prime Minister of India on June 9, 1964. He died in Tashkent.
- He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1966. He gave the slogan of "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan".
17. Kabir Das
- Saint Kabirdas was a famous poet of Hindi literature. Through his poems & Dohe, Hhe criticized many ill practices prevalent in the society.
- He was born in 1425 AD in Varanasi
- He was raised by Neelu-Neema
- His main composition are Sakhi, Sabad, Ramani
- He is considered as one of the best poets of Hindi language. He was born in 1552 in Rajapur, Uttar Pradesh.
- His master's name was Narharidas.
- His main works include Ramcharitmanas, Vinayastika, Dahavali, Kavitavali, Hanuman Chalisa, Vairagya Sandeepani, Janaki Mangal, Parvati Mangal etc. He died in 1680.
- Surdas was poet of Hindi literature and was born in 1478 AD.
- He is said to be blind by birth.
- His main compositions are Saurasagar, Surasaravali, Sahitya Lahari His master's name was Balbhacharya. He died in 1583.
20. Ustad Bismillah Khan
- Bismillah Khan was born on March 21, 1916, in Dumraon, Bihar.
- Famous Shehnai maestro was honoured with 'Bharat Ratna' in the year 2001.
- Bismillah Khan was honoured with the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1956.
- He was also honoured with the Tansen Award by the Government of Madhya Pradesh.
- He died on August 21, 2006.
All the best!
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