Important Notes on List of First in India

By Ashwini Shivhare|Updated : June 10th, 2022

Important Notes on List of First in India 

The General Awareness Section is a crucial section for every Government Exam in which there is one topic from which questions are generally asked i.e., List of First in India. It is an important topic that can fetch you good marks in the examination with thorough preparation.

Therefore, in this article, we are going to provide compiled notes on First in India from General Awareness section for the upcoming Railways NTPC, GROUP D & SSC 2022  Exams. These questions will help you prepare efficiently for the upcoming examinations. 

Important Notes on List of First in India

The table below shows the First Person (Male) in India with other important facts. Refer to the tabulated data for complete information.

First Person (Male)


Other Important Facts

First President of Indian Republic

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, 1950 to 1962

·       President of the Constituent Assembly (1948-1950)

First Prime Minister of free India

Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru

·       He is also known as the architect of modern India.

·       Chairman of the constituent assembly.

·       Chairman of Union Constitution Committee, Union Powers Committee and States Committee

First Indian to win Nobel Prize

Rabindranath Tagore

·       Also Known as Gurudev.

·       Wrote National Anthem of India.

First President of Indian National Congress

W.C. Banerjee


First Muslim President of Indian National Congress

Badruddin Tayyabji


First Muslim President of India

Dr. Zakir Hussain


First British Governor-General of India

Lord William Bentinck (1833-1835)

·       Sati system was banned during his regime.

First British Governor-General of Bengal

Lord Warren Hasting (1773-1785)

·       First Maratha war and second Mysore war occured during his regime

·       Founded Asiatic Society of Bengal.

First British Viceroy of India

Lord Canning

·       Revolt of 1857 happened during his regime.

·       Established 3 universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay.

First Governor-General of free India

Lord Mountbatten

·       Indian Independence Bill 1947 was passed during his regime.

First and the last Indian to be Governor-General of free India

C. Rajgopalachari

·       Informally called as Rajaji or C.R.

The first man who introduced the printing press in India

James Hickey (Bengal Gazette)

·       Bible was the first book printed in India.

The First Indian to join the I.C.S

Satyendra Nath Tagore


First man in Space from India

Rakesh Sharma


First Prime Minister of India who resigned without completing the full term

Morarji Desai


First Indian Commander-in-Chief of India

General Cariappa


First Chief of Army Staff

Gen. Maharaj Rajendra Singhji


First Indian to join Viceroy’s executive council



First President of India who died while in office

Dr. Zakir Hussain

·       He was awarded Bharat Ratna award.


First Muslim President of Indian Republic

Dr. Zakir Hussain


First Prime Minister of India who did not face the Parliament

Charan Singh

·       Serving from 28 July 1979 until 14 January 1980.

First Field Marshal of India

S.H.F. Manekshaw(1914-2008)


First-person to get Nobel Prize in Physics from India


·       For the discovery of Raman Effect or Raman Scattering.

First Indian to receive Bharat Ratna award

C. Rajgopalachari, Dr. Radhakrishnan &

CV Raman

·       First and the last Indian to be Governor-General of free India

·       First Vice President of India: Dr. Radhakrishnan

·       Nobel Prize Winner: CV Raman

First Indian to cross the English Channel

Mihir Sen


First Person to receive Jnanpith award

Sri Shankar Kurup


The first Speaker of the Lok Sabha

Ganesh Vasudeva Mavalankar

·       Also known as Dadasaheb

·       Speaker of the Constituent Assembly of India

First Vice-President of India

Dr. Radhakrishnan


First Education Minister

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad


First Home Minister of India

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel

·       India's first Deputy Prime Minister.

·       Started Bardoli Satyagarh.

·       Chairman of Provincial Constitution Committee and Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas.

First Indian Air Marshal

S. Mukherjee


First Indian Naval Chief

Vice Admiral R.D. Katari


First Indian Judge of International Court of Justice

Dr. Nagendra Singh


First-person to reach Mt. Everest without oxygen

Sherpa Dorjee


First-person to get Param Vir Chakra

Major Somnath Sharma


First Chief Election Commissioner

Sukumar Sen


First-person to receive Magsaysay Award

Acharya Vinoba Bhave

·       First person chosen for Individual Satyagraha.

First-person of Indian origin to receive Nobel Prize in Medicine

Hargovind Khurana


First Chinese traveler to visit India


·       Visited India during the reign of Gupta emperor Chandragupta II

First-person to receive Stalin Prize

Saifuddin Kitchlu

·       Jalliawala Bagh gathering 1919 was held against the arrest of Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlu and Dr. Satyapal.

The first person to resign from the Central Cabinet

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee

·       Served as Minister for Industry and Supply in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet

·       Founded the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, a predecessor to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), in 1951.

First-person to receive Nobel Prize in Economics

Amartya Sen

  • For his contributions to welfare economics

First Chief Justice of Supreme Court

Justice Hirala J. Kania


First Indian Pilot

J.R.D. Tata (1929)


Science & Technology

The below-mentioned table states the list of important achievements in the field of Science & Technology (India):

First in India – Science

First hydroelectric plant

Sidrapong (Darjeeling)

First Man in Space

Rakesh Sharma

First Nuclear Reactor

Apsara (Maharashtra)

First satellite


First successfully indigenous launch vehicle


First genetically modified food product in India

Bt. Eggplant Hybrid [Banned]

First to pass the examination of the Indian Medical Service (IMS)

Surjo Kumar Chakroborty

First Indian to be appointed as the deputy director-general of programmes (DDP) of the World Health Organization (WHO)

Dr. Soumya Swaminathan

First satellite earth station for domestic communications


First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Physics

C.V Raman


The table listed below highlights the list of Important People in the field of Legislature and Judiciary Arm of Governance

First in India – Governance

First President of India

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

First Vice-President of India

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

First President of Indian National Congress

Womesh Chandra Bannerjee

First Prime Minister of India

Jawaharlal Nehru

First Chief Election Commissioner of India

Sukumar Sen

First Viceroy of India

Lord Canning

First Governor-General of India

Lord William Bentinck

First Chief Justice of India

H.J Kania

First Speaker of Lok Sabha

G. V. Mavlankar

First Home Minister of India

Sardar Vallabhai Patel

First Chairperson of Lokpal of India

Pinaki Chandra Ghose


The below-mentioned table gives the list of people who held important positions in the Indian Defense Sector:

First in India – Defense

First Defense Minister of India

Baldev Singh Chokkar

First Commander-in-Chief of Free India

Kodandera Madappa Cariappa

First Commander-in-Chief, Indian Air Force

Subroto Mukherjee

First Field Marshal

Sam Manekshaw

First Param Vir Chakra Winner

Major Somnath Sharma

First female Jawan in the Army

Shanti Tigga

First Indian woman to fly fighter aircraft without co-pilot

IAF Officer Avani Chaturvedi

First cosmonaut

Sqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma

First woman in the Indian Army awarded the coveted ‘Sword of Honour’ prize

Divya Ajith Kumar


The table enumerates the list of important achievements in the field of sports, predominantly at the Olympics

First in India – Sports

First Olympics Team Medal

Gold in Field Hockey (1928, Summer Olympics)

First Indian woman wrestler to win an Asian gold medal

Navjot Kaur

First Indian woman badminton player to win an Asian Games medal

Saina Nehwal

First Indian woman to win a medal at Asian Games

Santhi Soundarajan

First person to win the international bronze medal in skiing

Aanchal Thakur

First Woman to Win an Olympic Silver Medal

P. V. Sindhu in Badminton

First female to represent India at the Summer Olympics

Nora Polley, 1924 Summer Olympics

First Individual Gold Medal won by

Abhinav Bindra, 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing

First Woman to Win a Medal in Wrestling

Sakshi Malik won Bronze in the 2016 Summer Olympics


The below table gives information on Indian Architecture

First in India – Architecture

First temple constructed from a single rock

Kailasa temple at Ellora

First church in India

St. Thomas Church, Palayoor

First mosque in India

Cheraman Juma Mosque in Methala

First dam in India

Kallanai Dam

First Indian temple with many interconnected structures

Brihadeeswarar Temple, Tamil Nadu


BHARAT RATNA is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is conferred "in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.

  • 1st Indian to be awarded the Bharat Ratna: C Rajagopalachari who was the last Governor-General of India.
  • 1st person to be awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously: Lal Bahadur Shastri who was the Second Prime Minister of the Republic of India.
  • 1st woman to be awarded the Bharat Ratna: Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi who was the fourth Prime Minister of India.
  •  1st Bharat Ratna Awardee to become the President of India: Dr. S. Radhakrishnan who was the first Vice President of India and the second President of India from 1962 to 1967.
  • 1st Scientist to be awarded the Bharat Ratna: CV Raman who won the Nobel Prize in Physics.


  • 1st winner of Param Vir Chakra- Major Somnath Sharma: Major Som Nath Sharma, (1923–1947) was the first recipient of the Param Vir Chakra. the highest Indian gallantry award. He was awarded the medal posthumously for his bravery in the Kashmir operations in November 1947.
  • 1st and only Air Force person to receive the Param Vir Chakra- Flying Officer Nirmaljit Shekhon was posthumously awarded the Param Vir Chakra in recognition of his lone defence of Srinagar Air Base against a PAF air raid during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.
  • 1st and only woman to receive the Ashoka Chakra- Neerja Bhanot (1987) who was murdered while saving passengers from terrorists on board the hijacked Pan Am, Flight 73 on 5 September 1986. Posthumously, she became the youngest recipient of India's highest peacetime military award for bravery, the Ashok Chakra.


  • 1st person to receive Nobel prize for Physics: William K Roentgen who, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known as X-rays or Röentgen rays in 1895.
  • 1st woman to receive the Nobel prize: Madame Curie (1903) was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win twice, the only person to win twice in multiple sciences, and was part of the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris.


  • 1st Indian woman (and also first Indian citizen) to receive the Booker prize: Arundhati Roy who is best known for her novel The God of Small Things (1997), which won the Man Booker Prize for Fiction in 1997.
  • 1st Indian to receive the Pulitzer prize (Reporting category): Gobind Behari Lal became the first Indian to win the Pulitzer Prize ( 1937)  and he got Padma Bhushan in 1969.


  •  1st recipient of Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award: Viswanathan Anand became India's first grandmaster in 1988. He was also the first recipient of the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award in 1991–92, India's highest sporting honor. In 2007, he was awarded India's second-highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan.
  • 1st woman recipient of Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award: Karnam Malleshwari is the first Indian woman to win an Olympic medal. She is a recipient of the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award, India's highest sporting honor for the year 1995-1996. She is also a recipient of the civilian honor Padma Shri in 1999.
  • 1st cricket player to be awarded the Arjuna Award: Salim Durrani who was the first cricketer to win an Arjuna Award.

Important Notes on List of First in India PDF

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