Critical Thinking for SSC and Railways Exams

By : Sachin Awasthi

Updated : Nov 2, 2020, 13:06

Critical Thinking questions are regularly asked for all competitive exams like SSC, railways, IBPS Clerk, PO, SBI Clerk, PO, IBPS RRB Clerk, PO, RBI Grade A, B, NABARD Grade A and B, LIC, AAO, etc. They are also crucial for all types of job interviews. You can score up to 5 marks in less than 50 seconds by mastering critical thinking for SSC. You can practice by taking Critical Thinking online tests for SSC exams.

Find all the details about Critical Thinking questions, the best manner to solve them, types of questions asked and the best books to refer to. Critical Thinking questions and answers pdf for SSC exams can also be found online and must be practised regularly for best result.

Important Critical Thinking Topics

Check all the Important Critical Thinking Topics asked in SSC and Railway Exams below.



1- Assumptions

An assumption is a claim that is accepted as truth without sufficient evidence.

In the critical thinking question for SSC exams, you will be given a statement. Following this there will be two or three further claims. You will have to figure out which of the claims (if any) are assumptions that the initial statement is making or relying on.

2- Inferences

Inferences are different from assumptions because they are based on some evidence. Inductive or deductive logic is applied to the evidence to arrive at the conclusions.

However, inferences are not always correct, it is entirely possible that it is overlooking other possibilities.

An inference-based question will test your ability to decide the likelihood of an inference being true.

3- Interpretations and Deductions

Interpretations are similar to inferences. But focus on whether a conclusion logically follows from a statement, rather than what conclusions are likely to follow.

Say for example, if it is said that there are only red and violet roses in the world, we can interpret that there is no such thing as a white rose.

Deductions are similar but stricter in the logical format.

4- Evaluations of Arguments

This is a little difficult and ambiguous of all types. The aim is to figure out how strong an argument is by comparing it to the information given.

Tips to Solve Critical Thinking Questions

You must check all the Tips and Tricks to Solve Critical Thinking Questions in the upcoming exams. Identify the best tips and utilise them to score maximum marks.


Tips to Solve Critical Thinking Questions


The trick to solving critical thinking questions of this type of questions is to read between the lines of the initial statement. Think about which of the claims are required to be true in order for the initial claims to also be true.

For each claim, you will have to figure out if they are assumptions made by the statement (YES), or that they are not implied by the statement (NO).


Statement: If I go to the garden today, the only flowers I will see are roses.

Claim 1: There will be no jasmine in the garden

Claim 2: All roses are red

Claim 3: There will be roses in the garden today.

Ans: claim 1 and 3 are true, whereas claim 2 is not correct.


You will be presented with a short passage followed by two or three inferences drawn from it. For each inference, you will have to choose one of the following

  1. Definitely true/always true
  2. Probably true/sometimes true
  3. Insufficient data to say true or false
  4. Probably false/sometimes false
  5. Definitely false/always false

An important point to keep in mind is that correlation is not equal to causation.

For example:

Statement: Research shows that eating chocolates correlates with heightened chances of diabetes.

Inference: Eating chocolate causes diabetes.

You might think that the inference is definitely true, but the correct answer here is that there is insufficient data to say true or false.

Interpretations and Deductions

There will be one or two statements/premises given followed by two-three interpretations. You might decide whether an interpretation is True or False.

Example 1:

Premise 1: Messi is a footballer

Premise 2: If someone is a footballer, then they cannot be a cricketer.

Conclusion: Therefore, Messi is not a cricketer.

This conclusion can only be true, only if both the premises are true.

Example 2:

Statement: Some animals with four legs are cats. All cats have a tail. Animal X has four legs but no tails.

Deduction 1: Animal X is a cat

Deduction 2: Animal X is not a cat

Deduction 3: Animal X is a frog

Here Deduction 1 is false since animal X does not meet the criteria of tail for all cats.

Hence Deduction 2 is true. And Deduction 3 is also false because not being a cat does not mean that the animal is a frog even if it meets all criteria to be a frog.

Evaluations of Arguments

You will be given a statement or question, along with two-three arguments based on it. The task is to decide whether these arguments are strong or weak.

Importance of Critical Thinking Questions for SSC and other Government Exams

  • It is useful for all the competitive exams, including SSC, Railways, SBI, and IBPS, and also for job interviews.
  • It is a regular question asked for every exam
  • It does not require any calculations, hence very easy to score in the least amount of time.
  • Practising critical thinking problems in SSC exams helps you develop logical thinking skills to solve other reasoning problems.

Most Recommended Books for Critical Thinking for SSC

Many books are available online to prepare for SSC exams. Below are the two most recommended books for coding and decoding.

  • SSC Reasoning Topic Wise

Publisher: Disha Publications

  • SSC CGL 12 Year-wise Tier I Solved Papers (2010-20) with 3 Online Practice Sets 2nd Edition

Publisher: Disha Publications

Why prepare Critical Thinking from BYJU'S Exam Prep?

  • You can practice critical thinking questions for SSC by taking online mock tests with BYJU'S Exam Prep. They have combined comprehensive and detailed critical thinking notes for the SSC exam.
  • You will get a personalised assessment report, which helps you identify your strengths and weak points.
  • All India mock test rank lists.
  • Comprehensive and detailed solutions for questions.

You can also prepare critical thinking questions under the guidance of top teachers and practice numerous expert grade questions to achieve excellence.

Frequently Asked Questions about Critical Thinking Questions

Q1: What are the skills required to solve critical thinking questions for SSC and Railways?

Ans: You will have to make inferences accurately, identify assumptions, interpret and evaluate arguments, make deductions based on the text, and then come to conclusions.

Q2: Where do I get answers for previous questions asked in SSC exams?

Ans: Critical Thinking questions and answers pdf for SSC exams are also available for download for free from BYJU'S Exam Prep.

Q3: What are the key points to remember while answering critical thinking questions?

Ans: Always be rational and not emotional. Use Venn diagrams. Assume the given statement to be true, even if it contradicts common sense. For example, if it says that some crows are green, you will have to take it to be true and solve the question, rather than thinking whether it is possible or not.

Q4: Where can I find notes for critical thinking topics for SSC?

Ans: Critical Thinking notes for SSC are provided by BYJU'S Exam Prep. They are prepared by exam experts after thorough research and cover all the important aspects of the topic. The BYJU'S Exam Prep Critical Thinking notes are exhaustive and comprehensive for your exam preparation.

Q5: How much time will it take to study critical thinking questions in SSC?

Ans: The syllabus for critical thinking is very small and manageable. You have to learn the different types of critical thinking questions and keep practising.