Active and Passive for SSC & Railway exams

By : Sachin Awasthi

Updated : Nov 2, 2020, 16:10

Active voice denotes that a sentence has a subject which acts upon the verb. In the case of Passive voice, it indicates that the subject is the recipient of the action of the verb. You may have learnt that passive voice may be weak and incorrect, but when used in moderation, it is considered fair.

A verb has five properties which include voice, mood, person, tense and number. The two types of grammatical voices include active and passive. In the case of active voice, the subject of a sentence performs the verb’s action. When we say that the sentence is in an active voice, it denotes having a strong and clear tone.

Whereas in the case of Passive voice, the subject is acted on by a verb. It is formed using the verb’s past participle. Passive voice is relatively easy to detect and will transform the active sentences. While active voice conveys a strong and clear tone, the passive voice is considered subtler.

Important Active Passive Voice Points

Here’s a list of important points to keep in mind.

1. The places of subject and object are interchanged.

In this case, the object will shift to the place of the subject and vice versa in case of passive voice.

2. The subject of a sentence can be omitted in case of passive voice.

In this case, it can be done if the sentence without the subject can provide enough meaning.

3. The third form of the verb is used as the main verb in sentences of passive voice.

In this case, the base form of the verb will not be used in the passive voice.

4. The word ‘by’ is not used before the subject in case of passive voice.

The word ‘by’ is not used before the subject in case of passive voice.

Tips to Prepare Active Passive Questions

  • Find the subject, object and main verb in the sentence.
  • Convert the object into the subject.
  • Use a suitable helping verb according to the tense. 
  • If a helping verb is given use it as it is.
  • Convert verbs into past participles. 
  • Convert the subject into an object.

Importance of Active Passive SSC Questions

Rules of knowing active and passive are important to solve the questions in the English language section of competitive exams. As the syllabus of English language is vast, knowing the rules will help you conveniently prepare and get accustomed to the various topics.

Most Recommended Books for Active Passive Rules

Following are books you can refer to prepare the active-passive rules:



Objective General English

SP Bakshi 

Plinth to Paramount

Neetu Singh

Corrective English

AK Singh

Why prepare Active Passive SSC Questions from BYJU'S Exam Prep?

If you are aware of the basic rules, English can be a scoring subject. To help you prepare well, BYJU'S Exam Prep brings you updated exam related questions for SSC. With the basic understanding of Active Passive SSC questions, you’ll be able to score well in the exam. You can solve Active Passive SSC questions regularly on BYJU'S Exam Prep and analyse your solving speed and accuracy. The practise questions will help you to boost your exam preparation and cover all sorts of exam questions with varying levels of difficulty. 


This topic plays an important role in the English section of the SSC exam. In such types of questions, you need to find out whether the sentence is present in an active or passive voice. The practise questions at BYJU'S Exam Prep will also help you solve any questions in your exam. 

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What are the rules for active and passive voice?

Answer: The formula for active voice includes: Subject + will be + present participle + object

The formula for passive voice includes: Subject + will be + ing + past participle + object 

  1. What is the difference between active and passive voice?

Answer: Active voice denotes a sentence which has a subject that acts on a verb. In the case of Passive voice, a subject is the recipient of a verb’s action.

  1. How many types of active, passive voice are there?

Answer: There are Eight types of active, passive voices.

  1. Why is there a need to use passive voice?

Answer: It is used when we need to focus our attention on the person or thing affected by the action.

  1. How to form a passive sentence?

Answer: To form a passive sentence, you need to move the receiver of the action from the direct piston to the subject position of the sentence.