Important Rules on Parallelism in English Grammar

By Neha Uppal|Updated : January 24th, 2021

Parallelism is one of the important concepts in the English Grammar section. To understand this topic, one is advised to go through the earlier posts for English Section of the study plan.

What is Parallelism in the English language?

The balance between two or more similar words, phrases or clauses is called parallelism in grammar. Parallelism is also called parallel structure or parallel construction. Parallel construction prevents awkwardness, promotes clarity and improves writing style and readability.

Parallelism is one of the important concepts in the English Grammar section. To understand this topic, one is advised to go through the earlier posts for English Section of the study plan.

What is Parallelism in the English language?

The balance between two or more similar words, phrases or clauses is called parallelism in grammar. Parallelism is also called parallel structure or parallel construction. Parallel construction prevents awkwardness, promotes clarity and improves writing style and readability.

Parallelism is used to balance nouns with nouns, prepositional phrases with prepositional phrases, participles with participles, infinitives with infinitives, clauses with clauses, it basically means similarity in construction and position.

Item in a series must be parallel: It means, they must have the same Grammatical construction.

Nouns:

He likes music, art, and science.

Adjectives:

He is tall, cool, and handsome. (Adj)

They wanted to paint the living room, to lay a new carpet, and to buy a new sofa. (Infin)

Gerunds:

He likes dancing, swimming, and painting. (Verb + Ing Form)

As:

Taking the bus can be as costly as taking a plane (V + Ing)

Or:

He wanted to borrow a car or to rent one while his car was being repaired. (Infin)

Than:

Eating in a restaurant is more fun than cooking at home

Although:

Although he liked to eat good food, he did not like to pay high prices for it. (Infin)

Past Tense:

The Romans conquered, colonized, and governed much of the world.

Past Perfect Tense:

He had finished the game, had taken a shower, and had eaten lunch by the time I went to his house.

Note: The auxiliary "had" may be omitted in the second and the third verb phrases.

The structure joined by and, but, as, or then, or although must have the same grammatical form.

And:

He enjoyed the music of Spain and the sculpture of France.

But:

That verb form is not active, but passive (Adj)

Now let’s see some examples:

1. Her husband had bought a car, found a job, and choose a school for the children before she arrived. (Wrong)

Her husband had bought a car, found a job, and chosen a school for the children before she arrived. (Right)

2. That soup should not be served hot, but at a cold temperature. (Wrong)

That soup should not be served hot, but cold. (Right)

3. Renting an apartment can be as expensive as to buy a house. (Wrong)

Renting an apartment can be as expensive as buying a house. (Right)

4. He is young, intelligent, and has charm. (Wrong)

He is young, intelligent, and charming. (Right)

5. She likes to read, to travel and blogging. (Wrong)

She likes to read, to travel, and to blog. (Right)

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Posted by:

Neha UppalNeha UppalMember since Oct 2018
4+ Years of experience as a mentor and content developer for SSC & Railways exam. Cleared various exams including SSC CHSL & SSC CGL exams.
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Jaswant

JaswantJun 1, 2018

Sir ye  examples ke alawa theory Hindi me transfer kese hogi
Sera Yagami
I have a doubt regarding sentences of these type - "They wanted to paint the living room, to lay a new carpet, and to buy a new sofa. (Infin)"
Why is "to" being repeated after the comma? Can it be omitted and written as "They wanted to paint the living room, lay a new carpet, and buy a new sofa."?
Please help.
...Read More
mylar

mylarMar 21, 2019

Thank you Neha madam
Sujeet Kumar Pandey
Ma'am superb series 👌 👍 thanks
Ketki Sharma
Thnku so much  mam ........... really you are awesome 😊

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SSC & Railway

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tags :SSC & RailwayEnglish ComprehensionSSC CHSL OverviewSSC CHSL Answer KeySSC CHSL AnalysisSSC CHSL Question PapersSSC CHSL Cut Off

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