An adverb adds more to the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb.
- I called you last night. (called = verb; last night = adverb)
- Your dress is very beautiful. (beautiful = adjective; very = adverb)
- The rain stopped quite suddenly. (suddenly = adverb; quite = adverb)
Types of Adverbs:
Adverb of Time – This shows when an action or something is done or happens. It answers the question “When?”
It is either placed at the beginning or at the end of a sentence.
- I phoned you yesterday.
- I saw her walking along the river last week.
Adverb of Place – This shows where an action or something is done or happens. It answers the question “Where?”
It is placed after the verb.
- I live here.
- He fell down.
Adverb of Manner – This shows how an action or something is done. It answers the question “How?”
It is usually placed just after the verb.
- She sleeps soundly.
- He drives quickly.
Adverb of Degree or Quantity – This answers the questions, “To what degree?” or “How much?”
It is usually placed before the adjective and the adverb.
- It is too dark for us to see anything.
- Last night it rained very heavily.
Adverb of Frequency – This answers the question “How often?”
- He will never have finished in time.
- We always go to school by bus.
Affirmative Adverb (yes) and Adverb of negation (No)
Example: yes, surely, certainly, indeed, by all means, no, not at all, by no means.
Interrogative Adverb (Question)
Example: When? Where? How? Why? How much/often?
Relative Adverb: when, where, how, why
These words are the same in form as Interrogative Adverbs, but they are not questions.
- The time when he arrived.
- The scene where the accident occurred.
- He knows how to do it.
- The reason why he left.
Comparison of Adverbs:
Similar to the comparison of adjectives, adverbs have three degrees of comparison – the Positive, the Comparative and the Superlative. Most adverbs which end in ‘-ly’ form the Comparative with ‘more’ and the Superlative with ‘most’.
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