SSC GK History Notes: Delhi Sultanate (Part II)

By Parnab Mallick|Updated : September 3rd, 2020

History is an important part of general awareness for SSC, UPSC, Railway and other competitive exams.If you will check question papers for any competitive exam, you will find plenty of questions asked from history.The Delhi Sultanate is a noble example for the glory of ancient India. Its culture, art and architecture that exist even today are praiseworthy.  The Sultans of Delhi ruled for quite a long period of 320 years during which there were achievements in different fields. Go through this article to read about Delhi Sultanate Part I.

SSC GK History Notes: Delhi Sultanate (Part II)

The Tuglaq dynasty (1320 – 1414 AD)

Period of Rule


Important Facts

1320 – 1324

Ghiyasuddin Tuglaq

1)      Ghazi Malik ascended the throne assuming the title Ghiyasuddin Tuglaq

2)      He died in 1320 due to collapse of a pavilion

3)      He built the Tuglaqabad fort and started irrigation works

1324 – 1351

Mohammed Bin Tuglaq

1)      Five ambitious projects

a)      Increase of taxation in the doab with imposing Ghari or House tax and Charahi or Pasture tax. The taxes were also fixed arbitrarily

b)      Created Diwan-i-Kohi or Department of Agriculture to bring more land under cultivation

2)      Transfer of capital from Delhi to Daulatabad

3)      Token Currency: He introduced bronze coins which were to have the same value as silver coins. But these coins were forged and greatly lost its value in the market

4)      Khurasan expedition was proposed and large troops were mobilized. But the expedition was abandoned at the later stage

5)      Qarachil expedition against the Chinese incursion in Kumaon hills, Himalayas

The above ambitious projects were great failures which led to unpopular nature of the king, growing revolts and great cost to the exchequer.

Moroccan traveler Ibn Batuta visited India during his period


1351 - 1388

Firuz Shah Tuglaq

1)      Trying to appease the nobility, army and theologians, he introduced hereditary system in the nobility and Iqtas, the army which led to many abuses

2)      He introduced the Jizya tax

3)      His 4-fold taxation was on Quran which were Kharaj, Zakat, Jizya and Khams

4)      He built Firozabad, Fatehabad, Hisar and Jaunpur

5)      Diwan-i-Khairat was established to make provisons for the marriage of poor girls

6)      He established a hospital in Delhi, Dar-ul-Shifa

7)      He transplanted two Ashokan Pillars to Firozabad.

8)      He is the author of Fatuhat-i- Firozshahi



Timur Invasion

Turkish chief, conqueror, descendant of Changez khan invaded India during the reign of Muhammed Shah Tuglaq and sacked and plundered Delhi, leaving Khizr Khan to manage the affairs

After the death of Firoz shah, the empire started to disintegrate. Timur’s invasion dealt the final blow to the empire. Khizr Khan, nominated by Timur, took the reign of Delhi establishing the Sayyid dynasty

Sayyid Dynasty

Period Of Rule


Important Facts

1414 – 1421

Khizr Khan

Nominee of Timur and founder of Sayyid dynasty

1421 – 1434

Mubarak Shah

Undertook successful expeditions against the Mewatis, Katehars and the Gangetic doab

1434 – 1443

Muhammad Shah

He was a puppet ruler put up by the nobles who ruled most of the territories

1443 – 1451

Alam shah

Last Sayyid ruler who descended in the favour of Lodhi dynasty

Lodhi Dynasty

Period of Rule


Important Facts

1451 – 1488

Bahlol Lodhi

An Afghan sardar, Bahlol Lodhi established himself after Timur invasion

1489 – 1517

Sikandar Lodhi

1)      Founded the city of Agra and shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra

2)      Took steps for the development of agriculture. ‘Gaz-i-Sikandari’ – 32 digits for measuring cultivated field was introduced

1517 – 1526

Ibrahim Lodhi

1)      During the final stages, the sultanate extended to the proximate areas of Delhi only

2)      The nobles turned against Ibrahim Lodhi due to his assertion of absolute power

3)      Daulat Khan Lodhi invited Babur to overthrow Ibrahim Lodhi. This resulted in the 1st Battle of Panipat where Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi and established Mughal empire in India


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Parnab MallickParnab MallickMember since Aug 2020
Parnab Mallick is an educator and mentor with an expertise in SSC and Railway exams. He tries to make students’ life easy by guiding them the right path and knowledge to cater to their dream govt. job. He lives with the notion ‘We all have equal opportunity to be unequal’
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Sandhya Kumari
Sir Ji aap hume Hindi me nots diya karo
Sandhya Kumari
Please sir ji
Sugita Bharambe
Notes ke uper ek option he A/अ uspe clik kroge to language change hogi
Anubhuti Priya
Iska 1st part share kr do plz..

SonuNov 9, 2020

Sir Koi most important topic bta do Konse subject me konsa topic most he

SonuNov 9, 2020

Delhi Police exam 2020 Ke liye PlzZ sir

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