History Notes: Political Organisations before the Establishment of INC

By Neha Uppal|Updated : May 20th, 2021

In this article, we will discuss the important organizations which existed before the Indian National Congress and created the base for a centralised organisation. This article is related to Modern Indian History & will help you to score in railway & SSC Exams.

In this article, we will discuss the important organizations which existed before the Indian National Congress and created the base for a centralised organisation. This article is related to Modern Indian History & will help you to score in railway & SSC Exams.

Political Associations/Organisations before the Establishment of INC

 1. Landholder’s Societ (1838/Calcutta):  Dwarkanath Tagore

  • Dwarkanath Tagore Established the " Zamindari Association " along with Prasanna Kumar Tagore, Radhakanta Deb, Ramkamal Sen and Bhabani Charan Mitra which was later known as  Landholder’s Society.
  • It was the first organization of Bengal which had a distinct political objective.

 2. British India Society (1839/London):  William Adams

  • This society was founded in England initially.
  • The first executive committee consisted of 15 members out of which 11 were Indians.
  • George Thompson was the president & GF Remfry and Ramgopal Ghosh were the Vice-President and Peary Chand Mitra was the Secretary of that Executive Committee.

 3. Bengal British India Society (1843/Calcutta): George Thomson

 4. British India Association (1851/Calcutta): Devendranath Tagore & Radhakant Deb

 5. Madras Native Association (1852/Madras): Gazulu Lakshminarasu Chetty

  • Gazulu Lakshminarasu Chetty also founded " The Crescent", which was the 1st Indian-owned newspaper in Madras.

 6. Bombay Association (1852/Bombay): Naoroji Furdoonji

 7. East India Association (1866/London): Dadabhai Naoroji

 8. London Indian Society (1865/London): Feroz Shah Mehta, Badruddin Tyyabji, W. C. Banerji and Manmohan Ghosh ( Under the Guidance of Dadabhai Naoroji )

 9. National Indian Association: (1867/London): Mary Carpenter

10. Poona Sarvajanik Sabha (1867/Poona): G. Ranade, G.V. Joshi and Chiplankar

11. Indian Society (1872/London):  Anand Mohan Bose

12. India League (1875/ Calcutta):  Sisir Kumar Ghosh

  • Sisir Kumar Ghosh also founded the famous " Amrit Bazaar Patrika" in 1868.

13. Indian Association (1876/Calcutta): Anand Mohan Bose and Surendra Nath Banerji

14. National Conference (1883): Anand Mohan Bose and Surendra Nath Banerji

15. Madras Mahajan Sabha (1884/Madras): Viraghavacharya, G. Subramaniya Aiyar and P. Anand Charlu Indian National Union 1884 A.O. Hume

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Neha UppalNeha UppalMember since Oct 2018
4+ Years of experience as a mentor and content developer for SSC & Railways exam. Cleared various exams including SSC CHSL & SSC CGL exams.
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