English Expertise Series - Noun

By Parnab Mallick|Updated : December 24th, 2020
This is our second module of English Expertise Series. Hope this will surely help you with your English Language preparation. Here in this Module we will start The Noun.Types of nounA Noun is a word which is used as the name of a person, a place, a thing, an action, quality or state.Ex- Ananya, Dispensary, Work, Slate, Truth, Silence, Sleep, State, Death.There are total 5 typoes on noun which are discussed below.


I. Concrete Nouns : 

Concrete nouns are the opposite of abstract nouns.

Concrete nouns are the names of things, which have physical existence; they can be sensed by our physical senses. That is, one can see, hear, smell, taste, or touch them. That is why concrete nouns are called “sense “nouns.

Ex- The names of persons, animals, plants and things which have physical existence, comes under concrete nouns, as they can be sensed by the senses.

CONCRETE NOUNS are the names of things which have physical existence. One can experience them, through five senses.

CONCRETE NOUNS are further divided into four types.





1. Proper Noun- A proper noun provides special identity, and separates one from others.

The name given to a particular person, place or thing is a Proper Noun.  If the noun is nonspecific, that is, the noun refers to a general idea and not a specific person, place, or thing; it is usually not a proper noun.

The names of the days of the week and the months of the year are proper nouns.

A Proper noun provides special identity, and separates one from others.

World War II (Proper Noun)

A war (Common Noun)

Ex- ‘It is Wind, my horse.’ (Here Wind is the proper noun as it is the name of the horse).

Fran went to Furry Friends Pet Shop.

       There are many important documents at The Library of Congress.

2. Common Noun- Common nouns are not specific; they are general nouns, used for everyone/everything of a particular kind or type.

A Common Noun is a name shared in common by everyone of the same class or group.

Ex- There were no yellow markers in the box.

   There are a lot of important documents in the archives.

3. Collective Noun- A Collective Noun is a name given to a number of things regarded as a whole, group or collection.

Collective nouns are the names given to a collection of persons, animals or things, taken together, and spoken of as one whole.

Ex- A kennel of dogs.

A cete of badgers. (cete remains one of the great mysteries of the classic collective nouns from the middle English Era).

An immersion of Baptists. (A Baptism in which the entire body is dipped in water.)

A fixture of Barnacles. (The act of process of attachment)

A wad of bills. (A soft mass or plug of a material)

A peloton of Bicyclists.(large group of clustered riders in a professional bicycle road race)

4. Material Noun- A Material Noun is the word used for the substance of which things are made.

A Material Noun is the name of a material, with no separate parts, and many separate things are made from it.

We get these materials mainly from three sources – nature, animal and plants. (Air, Gold, Water, Salt, Meat, Leather, Jute, Medicine)

Ex- She whirled and sprayed him with the perfume, wildly aiming for his face and almost gagging at the scent.

Note- Perfume is a Material noun.

The night air was chilly on her bare arms and she shivered involuntarily, annoyed at herself because it looked like an obvious ploy.

Note- Air is a Material noun.

II. Abstract Noun- ABSTRACT NOUNS are the names of things, which have no physical existence, they are the names of ideas or qualities, which one can feel, but cannot physically sense them. One cannot see, hear, touch, smell or taste the names of abstract nouns.

An Abstract Noun is the word used for an action, state or equality.

We all know what they are. We can explain them as we experience them. But cannot show how they appear, as they have no physical existence.

Ex- If any one of us had retained a wit of common sense, we'd never have pursued the course we undertook.

Note-Here wit is an Abstract noun.

At first she had been infatuated with Denton, but in the last year she had learned a lot about him.

Note-Here infatuated is an Abstract noun.

Rules to find a noun

Rule 1:

By putting who, whom, what with work done (verb) we can find out the person, thing, place, work which is called a Noun.

For ex—Sumit is playing football.

Now, Who is playing? -- Sumit.

What is he playing?—football.

Thus here Sumit and football both are noun.


The word which does the work i.e. which becomes the subject of the work done or says about it or on which work can be done i.e. object of the work, is called a noun.

Ex—Rupam my brother plays cricket.

In the sentence Rupam plays cricket and brother says the relationship so both are nouns. Again in this sentence work done is playing cricket thus it is also a noun(what is he playing ?). Thus in this sentence Rupam, brother and cricket all are noun.


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