# Basic Concepts & Short Tricks of Time & Work Questions for SSC Exams

By Neha Uppal|Updated : January 5th, 2021

Today we will discuss one of the important chapter from the quant section i.e., Time and Work. Time and Work plays and important part in Quantitative Aptitude Section. Read the post till the end as it will be helpful for your upcoming SSC CGL and IB ACIO Examination

Today we will discuss one of the important chapter from the quant section i.e., Time and Work.

## Basic Concepts of Work and Time:

In solving the problems based on time and work, we need to calculate the following parameters.

(A) Time : - Time taken to complete an assigned job.

(B) Individual time :- Time needed by single person to complete a job.

(C) Work:- It is the amount of work done actually.

Types of Questions and its Short Tricks

Case 1: A complete job will be considered = 1

Case 2: Assume a person ‘M’ complete a job alone in t days, then time taken by ‘M’=t

Case 3: 1 day’s work by any person =  part of total work i.e. = Example:- Ram can whitewash a building in 17 days. Find the work done by Ram in one day.

Solution: Here, time taken by Ram = 17 days, so 1 day’s work by Ram = part of total work.

Case 4: The reciprocal of 1 day’s work gives the individual time. i.e., time taken by a single persons to complete the job = Example: Sunny can do 1/5th of an work in 1 day. In how many days can he complete the same work.

Solution: Time of completion by Sunny alone = individual time = = Therefore , sunny can complete the job alone in 5 days.

Case: 5: When more than one person are working on the same piece of work then their combined 1 day’s work = sum of 1 day’s work by each person. i.e., if A, B and C are three persons working on a job, then (A+B+C)’s 1 day’s work = A’s 1 day work + B’s 1 days work + C’s 1 days work.

Example: A person ‘P’ can do a work in 15 days and ‘Q’ can do it in 20 days. What amount of work is done by P and Q together in one day?

Solution: (P+Q)’s 1 day work = P’s 1 day work + Q’s 1 day work. 1 day’s work = We can find (P+Q)’s 1 day work = part of total work. So, 1 day work of P and Q = Corollary: Work done by A in 1 day = 1 day work of (A+B+C) – (1 day work of B + 1 day work of C)

Similarly,

Work done by B in 1 day = work done by (A+B+C) in 1 day – (work done by A in 1 day + work done by C in 1 day)

Case 6: 1. The reciprocal of combined work done in 1 day gives the tome for completion by the persons working together.

i.e., time of completion = = 1 day’s work.

2. It implies that if three persons, say , A, B and C are working together on a job, then Time for completion of work by them= Example: Three persons Ram, Shyam and Kamal can do a job in 10 days, 12 days and 15 days respectively. In how many days can they finish the job working together?

Solution: Time for completion of work = Now, as specified in case 5

Combined work in 1 day = sum of individual work done by Ram, Shaym and Kamal (Ram + Shyam+Kamal)’s 1 day work = Ram’s 1 day work + Shyam’s 1 day work +Kamal’s 1 day work = th part of work = 1/4th part of work

Time taken to complete the work = 4 days.

Case 7: Part of work done at any time ‘t’ by one or more persons = t × (1 day’s work)

Example: A persons ‘M’ can do a job in 25 days. How much of the job is done by him in 5 days?

Solution: Part of work done by M in 5 days = 5 × (1/25) = 1/5th part of work

Example: Two friends A and B can complete  a piece of work in 12 days and 8 days respectively. Find the amount of work done by them in 4 days.

Solution: Part of work done by (A+B) in 4 days = 4 ×(A+B)’s 1 day work

= th part of work = 5/6th

Example:  Two persons P and Q can do a piece of work individually in 10 days and 15 days respectively. If P work for 2 days and Q works for 5 days, then find the total amount of work done.

Solution: Part of work done by P + Q = Part of work done by P in 1 day + part of work done by Q in 5 days

= = the part of work = 8/15th

Case 8: If more than one person are working for different time schedules to complete a piece of work, then

(i) Assume the time for completion = T

(ii) Number of days worked by each persons in found with reference to T, if not mentioned in the problem.

(iii) Sum of the parts of work done by each person = 1, since the job is complete.

Example: Deepak and Anil can do a piece of work in 10 days and 30 days respectively. They work together and Deepak leaves 5 day’s before the work is finished. Anil finishes the remaining work alone. In how many days is the total work finished?

Solution: Assume the time for completion = T

Since Deepak leaves 5 days before the work is finished. So, no. of days worked by Deepak = T – 5 and Anil works, so, number of days worked by Anil = T

Deepak’s work + Anil’s work – 1  Total work is finished in 11.25 days.

Case 9: The ration of the work done by the two persons in the same time is the inverse ratio of their individual time.

e.g., if ‘A’ can do a work in 5 days and B can do in 9 days, then, in the same time, ( inverse of time taken when working alone)

Case 10: If a person ‘P’ is ‘n’ times as good a workman as Q, individual time for

P = and after some time (using case 9)

Example: Tannu and Rekha can do a job in 12 days. Rekha alone can finish it in 36 days. In how many days can Tannu and alone finish the work?

Solution: (Tannu + Rekha)’s 1 days work = Tannu’s 1 day work + Rekha’s 1 day work = Tannu’s 1 day work work + 1/36

Tannu’s 1 day work = th of work. So, Tannu can finish it in 18 days.

Trick :

If T = 12, R = 36 then

Required time = = 18 days GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303 help@byjusexamprep.com