Free UPSC Material and Notes PDF in Hindi & English | IAS Study Material

By Saroj Singh|Updated : September 20th, 2022

UPSC Notes compiled here are curated by exam experts using all the recommended UPSC books and exam trends. Going through UPSC study material is crucial for aspirants who are planning to appear for the upcoming IAS exam. With the advancement of the internet and technology, everything is available online. So, what are you waiting for? Get the free UPSC material here for all subjects of prelims and mains examination and clear the exam with flying colors.

For your convenience, UPSC Notes PDF has been categorised as per subjects as most subjects are common in prelims and mains. Download study material for UPSC to level up your preparation.

Table of Content

UPSC Study Material 2022-2023

The free UPSC material prepares a solid foundation of knowledge for the IAS exam. After completing the chapters in the books, one should also refer to the crisp and concise IAS Notes for last-minute preparation.

Through this article, we will be covering the exhaustive UPSC study material and notes, both topic-wise and subject-wise. And the best part is you can access these PDFs for free on your device.

UPSC Notes & Study Material

Get the subject-wise UPSC Notes and study material for the Prelims and Mains exam preparation. These notes are prepared by our experts based on the trends of the questions asked in the paper.

Free UPSC Material for Prelims & Mains

Clearing the UPSC exam requires dedication, determination, and perseverance. When a candidate makes a decision to sit for the exam, he/she should foremost see the complete subject-wise syllabus. Though the UPSC syllabus for Prelims and Mains are integrated, one should focus on them separately from time to time. The free UPSC material covers both the Prelims and Mains topics, along with a special focus on the CSAT syllabus too.

The IAS study material is basically a set of compiled books and topic-wise UPSC notes. The complete UPSC study material compiles the best books and resources in one place, to help the students achieve their dream of being civil servants. It is essential that the candidate follows these notes with the right preparation strategy.

UPSC Notes PDF Download

UPSC notes PDF is essential for the preparation of both Prelims and Mains examinations. Here is a list of UPSC free material PDFs that may prove beneficial during the preparation. The list will be updated from time to time.

Important UPSC Notes PDF & Study Material

World Economic Forum

Government of India Act. 1919

Human Development Index

Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council Notes for UPSC

Kushan Empire & Dynasty

G20 Summit

Fundamental Rights UPSC Notes

IUCN Notes for UPSC

Indian Council Act 1861

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group PVTG

Structure of Atmosphere UPSC Notes

Mahalwari System Notes for UPSC Exam

Jal Jeevan Mission Notes for UPSC

Wildlife Protection Act 1972

Organic Farming Scheme

Artificial Intelligence

Nanotechnology in India

Mountbatten Plan

Indus Water Treaty

Continental Drift Theory UPSC Notes

Asian Development Bank

Indus Water Treaty 1960

Charter Act 1813

Charter Act 1853

Regulating Act of 1773 UPSC Polity Notes

Ryotwari System UPSC Notes

Tiger Conservation in India UPSC Notes

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Notes for UPSC

e-Governance UPSC Notes

Investment Models Notes PDF for UPSC

Pitt's India Act 1784 UPSC Notes

Cyber Security UPSC Notes

National Hydrogen Mission UPSC Notes

Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2021 Notes for UPSC

National Green Tribunal Act UPSC Notes

Monetary Policy Committee UPSC Notes

PM-Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana Notes for UPSC

International Atomic Energy Agency UPSC Notes

Anti-Defection Law UPSC Notes

104 Constitutional Amendment Act UPSC Notes

Ramsar Convention UPSC Notes

Citizen's Charter UPSC Notes

Non-Banking Financial Companies UPSC Notes

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation UPSC Notes

Agnipath Scheme UPSC Notes

National Digital Health Mission Notes for UPSC

BRICS UPSC Notes

FRBM Act Notes for UPSC

SAARC UPSC Notes

MGNREGA Act Notes for UPSC

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana Scheme UPSC Notes

National Parks in India UPSC Notes

MSP UPSC Notes

Regionalism Notes for UPSC

Israel Palestine Conflict UPSC Notes

Indus River System Notes for UPSC

Purchasing Power Parity UPSC Notes

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) UPSC Notes

Kyoto Protocol UPSC Notes

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana Scheme

COP 26 Essay for UPSC

Cabinet Committees UPSC Notes

Green Climate Fund (GCF) UPSC Notes

Public Accounts Committee (PAC) UPSC Notes

BIMSTEC UPSC Notes

Tribunals UPSC Notes

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) UPSC Notes

Money Multiplier UPSC Notes

Statue Of Equality UPSC Notes

Inclusive Growth UPSC Notes

Disaster Management UPSC Notes

Land Reforms in India UPSC Notes

One Nation One Ration Card Scheme UPSC Notes

Climate Change UPSC Notes

Cyclone UPSC Notes

Operation Twist UPSC Notes

Atal Innovation Mission UPSC Notes

Major Ports in India UPSC Notes

Cryptocurrency UPSC Notes

World Trade Organisation (WTO) UPSC Notes

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)UPSC Notes

UNFCCC UPSC Notes

Plate Tectonic Theory UPSC Notes

New Development Bank (NDB) UPSC Notes

Pressure Groups UPSC Notes

Sagarmala Project UPSC Notes

El-Nino UPSC Notes

Non-Cooperation Movement UPSC Notes

Directive Principles of State Policy UPSC Notes

Competition Commission of India UPSC Notes

Montreal Protocol UPSC Notes

Vivad Se Vishwas Scheme UPSC Notes

Electoral Bonds UPSC Notes

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) 1967 UPSC Notes

International Monetary Fund (IMF) UPSC Notes

OPEC UPSC Notes

Poverty UPSC Notes

Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD) UPSC Notes

Delimitation Commission UPSC Notes

15th Finance Commission UPSC Notes

Uniform Civil Code UPSC Notes

International Solar Alliance (ISA): UPSC Notes

MPLADS UPSC Notes

Goods and Services Tax (GST) UPSC Notes

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) UPSC Notes

G7 Summit UPSC Notes

India - United States Relations UPSC Notes

Judicial Activism UPSC Notes

Carbon Credit UPSC Notes

Parliamentary Committees UPSC Notes

National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) UPSC Notes

NABARD UPSC Notes

Emotional Intelligence UPSC Notes

Blue Flag Certification UPSC Notes

POCSO Act UPSC Notes

PM Aasha Yojana UPSC Notes

Inflation UPSC Notes

CBI UPSC Notes

Tropical Cyclone UPSC Notes

Finance Commission of India UPSC Notes

Poshan Abhiyaan UPSC Notes

Jainism UPSC Notes

Olive Ridley Turtles UPSC Notes

Economic Survey 2022 UPSC Notes

Mullaperiyar Dam UPSC Notes

Multidimensional Poverty Index UPSC Notes

National Intelligence Grid UPSC Notes

FCRA Act UPSC Notes

Panchayati Raj System in India UPSC Notes

NCBC UPSC Notes

Earthquake UPSC Notes

Great Indian Bustard UPSC Notes

UNCLOS UPSC Notes

Public Interest Litigation in India UPSC Notes

SVAMITVA Scheme UPSC Notes

National Tiger Conservation Authority UPSC Notes

Abraham Accord UPSC Notes

Gig Economy UPSC Notes

Jet Streams UPSC Notes

Biotechnology UPSC Notes

Model Code of Conduct UPSC Notes

International Energy Agency UPSC Notes

Make in India UPSC Notes

Dholavira UPSC Notes

Nagoya Protocol UPSC Notes

Prompt Corrective Action UPSC Notes

Suez Canal UPSC Notes

Coral Reefs UPSC Notes

Sedition Laws UPSC Notes

Separation of Powers UPSC Notes

Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan

Deep Ocean Mission

European Union

Inter-State Council

Madden Julian Oscillation

Kaziranga National Park

Attorney General of India

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Inner Line Permit

Right to Information Act

Ramsar Sites in India

Centre-State Relations

Masala Bonds

No Confidence Motion

Financial Action Task Force (FATF)

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code [IBC]

SEBI UPSC

India-China Relations

Ujjawala Scheme

National Investigation Agency

Ganga River System

Central Information Commission

International Organizations

Lokpal and Lokayukta Act 2013

Women Empowerment

Representation of Peoples Act 1951

Geography Notes for UPSC

Geography overlaps with the Environment and Ecology in the UPSC Exam. This section covers physical, human, and Indian Geography, with an additional focus on the places in the news and their location. To cover Geography, it is necessary to go through the free UPSC material for the same to build a solid foundation.

The broad topics covered under Geography notes for UPSC are as follows:

S.No.

UPSC Study Material for Geography

1

Drainage System of India

2

Types of Soil in India

3

Important Lakes in India

4

El-Nino UPSC Notes

5

Indian Climate Notes

6

Structure Of Atmosphere

7

Ocean Currents Notes for UPSC

8

Jet Stream

9

Tropical Cyclone

10

Cyclone

11

Green Climate Fund (GCF)

12

Major Ports in India

13

Types of Wind

14

Coral Reefs

15

Great Indian Bustard

16

Ganga River System

17

Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD)

UPSC Notes for History

History is one of the favorite subjects of the aspirants when it comes to the Prelims and Mains examination. In Prelims, History is covered under GS Paper 1, while in Mains, it is covered under General Studies Paper 1. History itself covers Ancient, Medieval, and Modern Indian History parts, along with Art & Culture.

To cover the topics in History subject and score good marks in this section, one must refer to the History Notes for UPSC for Ancient, Medieval, and Modern History periods.

S. No.

UPSC Study Material for History

1

Government of India Act, 1935

2

Indus Valley Civilization (IVC)

3

Cabinet Mission Plan 1946

4

Indian Independence Act 1947

5

Jainism

6

Charter Act 1833

7

Revolt of 1857

8

Government of India Act 1858

9

Cripps Mission 1942

10

Civil Disobedience Movement

11

Indus Valley Civilization

12

Quit India Movement

13

List of Viceroys in India

14

Wahabi Movement

15

Simon Commission

16

Battle of Plassey 1757

17

Brahmo Samaj

UPSC Study Material for Art and Culture

The UPSC Prelims, every year emphasize on Art & Culture part. Though Art and Culture aren't directly mentioned in the syllabus, questions related to art, architecture, literature, and culture in Ancient, Medieval, and Modern India are asked. These are often related to the incidents happening in news. Check the list to compile all the relevant Art & Culture study material for UPSC in one place.

S.No.

Free UPSC Material for Art and Culture

1

Indian monuments and their builders (state-wise)

2

Dances of India

3

Indian Paintings Study Notes for UPSC

4

Famous Temples in India

5

Indian schools of Ancient Indian Philosophy

6

UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Sites in India

7

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

8

GI Tag

9

Puppetry, Theatre Forms, Musical Instrument

10

Mughal Architecture

11

Architecture During Delhi Sultanate

12

Ancient Indian Architecture

UPSC Study Material for Economics

The economy section covered under UPSC Prelims and Mains exam is always correlated with current affairs. Basic concepts of the Indian economy are interlinked with current affairs and are asked as questions to access the knowledge base of the candidates. To cover the entire syllabus of economics, one can refer to the Economy Notes for UPSC provided here for better understanding.

The broad topics included under the UPSC study material for Economics include the following:

S.No.

UPSC Notes for Economics

1

Economic Planning in India

2

National Income (GDP, GNP, NNP, Personal Income, etc.)

3

Wholesale Price Index (WPI)

4

RBI and Monetary Policy

5

Different types of Unemployment

6

Inflation (Types and Effects)

7

Poverty in India

8

History of Banking in India

9

Money Market- Banking System in India

10

Capital Market

11

Balance of Payment- Current Account Deficit

12

Introduction of Union Budget

13

Microeconomics Notes: Economic Theory

14

World Trade Organisation

15

Economic Survey 2022

16

Union Budget 2022

17

NITI Aayog

18

International Labour Organization (ILO)

19

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana

20

MGNREGA

Free UPSC Material for Indian Polity

Indian Polity and Constitution covers a major chunk of the UPSC Exam every year, be it Prelims or Mains, or even at the Interview stage. The UPSC notes for Indian polity have both, static and dynamic portions covered under it. The topics covered under Polity are as follows:

S.No.

UPSC Free Material for Indian Polity

1

Delimitation Commission

2

UPSC Notes on 15th Finance Commission

3

Making of Indian Constitution (Constituent Assembly & sources of the constitution)

4

Preamble, Union and Its Territory, Citizenship

5

Uniform Civil Code

6

Directive Principles & State Policies (DPSP)

7

President of India (Qualification, Election, Impeachment, Power, etc.)

8

Vice President of India (Qualification, Election, Impeachment, etc.)

9

Indian Parliament Notes

10

Indian Judiciary

11

Constitutional Bodies

12

Non-Constitutional Bodies

13

Governor, Chief Minister, and Council of Minister

14

J & K: What was Article 35 A

15

J & K: What is Article 370

16

Lokpal and Lokayukta Act

17

Representation of People's (RPA) Act

18

Basic Structure of the Constitution

19

Anti-Defection Law

20

RTI Act

21

Public Interest Litigation (PIL)

22

Political Philosophies

23

Important Amendments in the Indian Constitution

24

The local Government system in India

25

Electoral Bonds Sold During Recent Elections

UPSC Study Material for Science & Technology

The UPSC usually asks about the general concepts of science in the Prelims examination. Whereas in the Mains, elaborative and critical analysis of recent innovation, researches are asked about. UPSC study material for Science and Technology covers general science, biotechnology, defence technology, and space technology along with the recent developments covered through Current Affairs.

General Science:

S.No.

UPSC Notes for Science

1

Biology, Chemistry, Physics

2

Important Scientific Laws and Theories

3

Diseases and their Affected Area

4

World Neglected Tropical Diseases

5

About the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Drug Intermediates & APIs

Biotechnology:

S.No.

Topics

1

Biotechnology and Its Applications

2

Oxygen Concentrator, Oxygen Cylinder

Defence Technology:

S.No.

Free UPSC Material for Defence Technology

1

Missile Technology

2

Iron Dome Defence System

3

Brahmos: Supersonic Cruise Missile

4

Chinook Helicopter (Boeing CH-47)

5

Dassault Rafale Aircraft

6

Apache AH-64E Helicopter

7

Sukhoi Su-30 MKI Aircraft

8

Mirage 2000 Aircraft

Space Technology:

S.No

Topics

1.

Mission Shakti: All you need to Know

2.

Chandrayaan-2- Space Mission

UPSC Free Material for Environment & Ecology

Environment & Ecology is one of the important subjects of civil services examination. Questions have been asked frequently from this section in both UPSC Prelims and Mains. At times, Environment related topics also come in the IAS Mains Essay paper. Check out the topic-wise important UPSC notes for Environment and Ecology tabulated below:

S.No.

UPSC Study Material for Environment & Ecology

1

Basic Terminology on Environment & Ecology Part-1

2

Basic Terminology on Environment & Ecology Part-2

3

Biodiversity

4

Tiger Reserves in India

5

Biosphere Reserves in India

6

National Parks

7

Ramsar Wetlands

8

Environmental Conventions and Protocols

9

Coral Reefs: Introduction, Types, Formation, Locations

10

List of Environmental Organization in India

11

List of Global Environmental Organizations

12

What is Acid Rain: Causes, Effects, Solutions?

13

Ozone Depletion: Causes, Effects, Solutions

14

Ocean Acidification: Introduction, Causes, Effects, and Solutions

15

Environment Pollution: Types, Causes, Effects

16

Biogeochemical Cycles

17

Climate Change

18

Sulphur Cycle

19

Phosphorus Cycle

20

E-waste Management in India

21

Solid Waste Management in India

22

Red Sanders Smuggling: Impact on the Environment

23

Know about Net Zero Producers' Forum

Free UPSC Material for Mains Examination

After going through the study material and notes required for UPSC, one should focus on the optional subject books. The UPSC study material includes the preparation books which are equally important for both Prelims and Mains.

To make a clear choice for choosing your optional subjects, go through the following list of a few optional subjects offered by the UPSC.

UPSC Agriculture Syllabus

UPSC Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Syllabus

UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

UPSC Botany Syllabus

UPSC Chemistry Syllabus

UPSC Civil Engineering Syllabus

UPSC Commerce and Accountancy Syllabus

UPSC Economics Syllabus

UPSC Electrical Engineering Syllabus

UPSC English Literature Syllabus

UPSC Geography Syllabus

UPSC Geology Syllabus

UPSC Hindi Literature Syllabus

UPSC History Syllabus

UPSC Law Syllabus

UPSC Management Syllabus

UPSC Maths Optional Syllabus

UPSC Mechanical Engineering Syllabus

UPSC Medical Science Syllabus

UPSC CSAT Syllabus

UPSC Physics Syllabus

UPSC Political Science and International Relations (PSIR) Optional Syllabus

UPSC Psychology Syllabus

UPSC Public Administration Syllabus

UPSC Science and Technology Syllabus

UPSC Sociology Optional Syllabus

UPSC Statistics Syllabus

UPSC Zoology Syllabus

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FAQs on UPSC Study Materials

  • UPSC free material is available here for all subjects like History, Geography, Environment, Polity, etc. Candidates who are preparing to appear in the upcoming exam can check and download the free IAS notes provided here which are prepared by our subject matter experts with reference to the latest trends, syllabus, and the type of questions asked in the paper.

  • Covering the NCERT Books for UPSC along with the prescribed UPSC notes is sufficient for covering the entire Prelims and Mains syllabus. A candidate should not hoard multiple study materials, but rather focus on limited resources and revise them thoroughly.

  • BYJU'S Exam Prep is a one-stop destination to get the subject-wise free UPSC material. It covers all the topics included in the subjects asked in the Prelims and Mains examination. Mock Tests are also organized from time to time to help candidates secure a scholarship from the organization’s side.

  • Those who prepare to give the exam next year can download the free UPSC material PDF from the direct links above. Subject-wise notes are available for History, Geography, Indian Polity, Art and Culture, Environment, Science, etc. which are enough for your effective preparation.

  • It is important to go through the UPSC study material for Geography, History, Economics, etc to become well-versed with the level of questions asked in the paper. After reading these UPSC notes, one can solve the UPSC previous year question papers and mock tests for overall preparation.

  • If you are going to appear for the exam for the first time, then it will be beneficial for you to check the UPSC books and the topic-wise UPSC notes for all subjects available here. Read this study material thoroughly and prepare handwritten notes by yourself which will be effective while doing final revision before the exam.

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