GI Tags in India – List of Geographical Indications [GI Tags] in India

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

GI Tag is an abbreviation for Geographical Indications in India. GI Tag or Geographical Indication Tags are facilitated to the products, both natural or man-made which are associated with a particular geographical region in the country. It is an acknowledgment of intellectual property. On 15th September 2003 GI Tag was implemented in India. The first GI Tag in India was facilitated to West Bengal’s Darjeeling Tea.

GI tags are facilitated by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. These tags are issued under the Department of Industry Promotion and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry. GI Tag topic is important for both prelims and mains exam. Questions have often been asked from the GI Tag List and recent GI Tags in India.

What is GI Tag?

A geographical indication (GI) tag is a sign utilized on the products that trace their origin from a specific geographical location. These products encompass qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. The products can be both natural and man-made.

List of GI Tag in India PDF

  • Using GI tags can be regarded as a method of provisioning certification for a particular product that has been produced following the traditional methods, displays unique qualities, and/or has gained a distinct reputation owing to its place of geographical origin.
  • GI Tags in India are used for a variety of products like wine/spirit drinks, handicrafts, agricultural produce, industrial products, etc.
  • For a product to function with a GI tag, a sign must be there on it to ensure its identification. No one other than the registered and authorized users is to use the product’s name.

BYJU'S UPSC Toppers 2023

GI Tags 2023

A GI tag is an indication that the product has a specific geographical origin and possesses qualities and characteristics that are essentially attributable to that origin. As of 2023, there are over 400 products from India that have been awarded GI tags.

Geographical Indication Tags 2023
Products States/UTs Categories
Rasagola Odisha Food Stuff
Black Rice (Manipuri) Manipur Food Stuff
Kandhamal Haldi Odisha Agricultural
Malai Poondu from Kodaikanal Tamil Nadu Agricultural
Kashmir Saffron Jammu & Kashmir Agriculture
Hmaram Mizoram Handicraft
Pawndum Mizoram Handicraft
Ngotekherh Mizoram Handicraft
Tawlhlohpuan Mizoram Handicraft
Idu Mishmi Textiles Arunachal Pradesh Handicraft
Srivilliputtur Palkova Tamil Nadu Food Stuff
Mizo Puanchei Mizoram Handicraft
Gulbarga Toor Dal Karnataka Agricultural
Tirur Betel Leaf Kerala Agricultural
Khola Chilli Goa Agricultural
Kandangi Saree Tamil Nadu Handicraft
Kaji Nemu Assam Agricultural
Dindigul Locks Tamil Nadu Manufactured
Palani Panchamirtham Tamil Nadu Food Stuff

Latest GI Tag in India

The J&K government is seeking GI Tag for Kashmir Namda and Gabba which are woolen rugs originating from the valley. They have also applied for GI Tag for Shikara and Kashmir Willow bat. NABARD has also applied for GI Tag for Nyishi handlooms originating in Arunachal Pradesh.

GI Tags in India 2022

A lot of products from different states and UTs were given GI tags in 2022. Gucci Mushroom is one such example where J&K has sought a GI tag for it. They are locally called Thuntoo and are considered one of the most expensive varieties.

GI Tag 2022 Categories States
Manipuri Black Rice Food Stuff Manipur
Dindigul Locks Manufactured Tamil Nadu
Kodaikanal Malai Poondu Agricultural Tamil Nadu
Gulbarga Tur Dal Agricultural Karnataka
Hmaram Handicraft Mizoram
Tawlhlohpuan Handicraft Mizoram
Tirur Betel Leaf (Tirur Vettila) Agricultural Kerala
Palani Panchamirtham Food Stuff Tamil Nadu
Idu Mishmi Textiles Handicraft Arunachal Pradesh
Kandangi Saree Handicraft Tamil Nadu
Ngotekherh Handicraft Mizoram
Kandhamal Haladi Agricultural Odisha
Khola Chilli Agricultural Goa
Kaji Nemu Agricultural Assam
Srivilliputtur Palkova Food Stuff Tamil Nadu
Mizo Puanchei Handicraft Mizoram
Rasagola Food Stuff Odisha
Kashmir Saffron Agriculture Jammu & Kashmir
Pawndum Handicraft Mizoram

Geographical Indications in India

Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts (EPCH-India) organized a Geographical Indications Fair 2022 to promote the GI Tags in India. Products that are assigned a GI Tag are considered to be “Invaluable treasures of Incredible India”.

Highlights of GI Tag in India

Check here for the complete details of the geographical indications in India. The detailed knowledge of this topic will enlighten the candidates in preparing well for this topic.

GI Tag Full Form Geographical Indication Tag
Total GI Tags in India 2022 More than 390
Categories of GI Tag Products in India Handicrafts & Handloom

Agricultural Products

Food Stuff


Natural Products

GI Tag List

The GI Tag List in India is divided as per state and keeps updating. The latest list of GI Tagged Products in India is as follows.

GI Tag in Andhra Pradesh

  1. Allagadda Stone Carving
  2. Andhra Pradesh Leather Puppetry
  3. Bobbili Veena
  4. Budithi Bell & Brass Metal Craft
  5. Dharmavaram Handloom Pattu Sarres And Paavadas
  6. Durgi Stone Carvings
  7. Etikoppaka Toys
  8. Kondapalli Bommallu
  9. Machilipatnam Kalamkari
  10. Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics
  11. Srikalahasthi Kalamkari
  12. Udayagiri Wooden Cutlery
  13. Uppada Jamdani Sarees
  14. Venkatagiri Sarees
  15. Araku Valley Arabica Coffee
  16. Banaganapalle Mangoes
  17. Guntur Sannam Chilli
  18. Bandar Laddu
  19. Tirupathi Laddu

GI Tag of Arunachal Pradesh

There are two GI tags in AP as of 2022 which are Idu Mishmi Textiles and Arunachal Orange. The tribal woman makes the Idu Mishmi Textiles of the Mishmi tribe while the Arunachal Orange is also known as Khasi Mandarin.

S.No GI Tags Type
1. Arunachal Orange Agricultural
2. Idu Mishmi Textile Handicraft

GI Tag of Assam

The updated Assam GI Tag list 2022 contains handicrafts and Food/agricultural products.

  1. Muga Silk of Assam – Handicraft
  2. Muga Silk of Assam (Logo) – Handicraft
  3. Assam-Orthodox – Agricultural
  4. Assam Karbi Anglong Ginger – Agricultural
  5. Boka Chaul – Agricultural
  6. Chokuwa Rice of Assam – Agricultural
  7. Joha Rice of Assam – Agricultural
  8. Judima – Agricultural
  9. Gamosa – Handicraft
  10. Kaji Nemu – Agricultural

Bihar GI Tag List

The updated GI Tag products of Bihar include Handicrafts and agricultural products. The latest addition is the Mithila Makhana a unique type of fox nut used in Kojagara Puja in Bihar.

Bihar Geographical Indications List
Applique (Khatwa) Work of Bihar Handicraft
Applique (Khatwa) Work of Bihar (Logo) Handicraft
Bhagalpur Silk Handicraft
Madhubani Paintings Handicraft
Manjusha Art Handicraft
Sikki Grass Products of Bihar Handicraft
Sikki Grass Products of Bihar (Logo) Handicraft
Sujini Embroidery Work of Bihar Handicraft
Sujini Embroidery Work of Bihar (Logo) Handicraft
Bhagalpuri Zardalu Handicraft
Katarni Rice Food
Magahi Paan Food
Shahi Litchi of Bihar Food
Mithila Makhana Food

Chhattisgarh GI Tag

The latest list of Geographical Indication tags of Chhattisgarh includes 6 products. Recently, Caprah, which is a red ant chutney of Bastar in Chhattisgarh is also seeking a GI Tag.

  1. Bastar Dhokra
  2. Bastar Iron Craft
  3. Bastar Dhokra (Logo)
  4. Bastar Wooden Craft
  5. Champa Silk Saree And Fabrics
  6. Jeeraphool

Goa GI Tags

The GI-tagged products of Goa include the famous alcohol Feni along with a dish of Goan Khaje.

GI Tag of Goa Type
Harmal Chilli Food / Agriculture
Khola Chilli Food / Agriculture
Myndoli Banana Food / Agriculture
Goan Khaje Food / Agriculture
Feni Manufactured

GI Tag of Gujarat

Gujarat prides itself on 17 GI Tagged products which mostly include handicrafts such as patola and kutch embroidery.

  1. Rajkot Patola
  2. Agates of Cambay
  3. Agates of Cambay (Logo)
  4. Jamnagari Bandhani
  5. Kachchh Shawls
  6. Kutch Embroidery
  7. Kutch Embroidery (Logo)
  8. Patan Patola
  9. Pethapur Printing Blocks
  10. Pithora Painting
  11. Sankheda Furniture
  12. Sankheda Furniture (Logo)
  13. Surat Zari Craft
  14. Tangaliya Shawl
  15. Warli Painting
  16. Bhalia Wheat
  17. Gir Kesar Mango

GI Tag List of Haryana & Himachal Pradesh

Haryana has 2 GI tags which are Phulkari and Basmati while Himachal has 10 GI Tags. The Himachal administration is also seeking GI Tags for Chamba “thaal” and maize grown in the Salooni area. GI tags of Punjab are also the same as Haryana.

GI Tag of Himachal Pradesh Type
Chamba Chappal Handicraft
Chumba Rumal Handicraft
Kangra Painting Handicraft
Kinnauri Shawl Handicraft
Kullu Shawl Handicraft
Lahauli Knitted Socks & Gloves Handicraft
Basmati Rice Agricultural / Food
Himanchali Kala Zeera Agricultural / Food
Kangra Tea Agricultural / Food
Himachali Chulli Oil Agricultural / Food

GI Tag Jammu and Kashmir

The latest GI Tag list of Jammu and Kashmir includes the following products.

  • Kani Shawl
  • Kashmir Paper Mache
  • Kashmir Pashmina Shawl
  • Kashmir Sozani Embroidery
  • Kashmir Walnut Wood Carving
  • Kashmir Hand Knotted Carpet
  • Kashmir Khatamband
  • Kashmir Basmati Rice
  • Kashmir Saffron

GI Tag of Jharkhand is Sohrai – Khovar Painting which is a tribal painting famous in rituals in the Hazaribagh district. The red ant chutney seeking GI tag becomes ‘demta’ in Jharkhand.

GI Tag of Karnataka

The complete GI tag list of Karnataka includes more than 45 products ranging from handicrafts, food, agricultural, and manufactured products.

Karnataka Geographical Indication Tags Types
Bidriware Handicraft
Channapatna Toys & Dolls Handicraft
Ganjifa Cards of Mysore Handicraft
Ganjifa Cards of Mysore (Logo) Handicraft
Guledgudd Khana Handicraft
Ilkal Sarees Handicraft
Karnataka Bronzeware Handicraft
Karnataka Bronzeware (Logo) Handicraft
Kasuti Embroidery Handicraft
Kinhal Toys Handicraft
Kolhapuri Chappal Handicraft
Molakalmuru Sarees Handicraft
Mysore Rosewood Inlay Handicraft
Mysore Silk Handicraft
Mysore Silk (Logo) Handicraft
Mysore Traditional Paintings Handicraft
Navalgund Durries Handicraft
Navalgund Durries (LOGO) Handicraft
Sandur Lambani Embroidery Handicraft
Udupi Sarees Handicraft
Mysore Agarbathi Handicraft
Byadgi chilli Food/Agricultural
Appemidi Mango Food/Agricultural
Bababudangiris Arabica Coffee Food/Agricultural
Bangalore Blue Grapes Food/Agricultural
Bangalore Rose Onion Food/Agricultural
Byadagi Chilli Food/Agricultural
Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee Food/Agricultural
Coorg Arabica Coffee Food/Agricultural
Coorg Green Cardamom Food/Agricultural
Coorg Orange Food/Agricultural
Devanahalli Pomello Food/Agricultural
Hadagali Malligae Food/Agricultural
Kamalapur Red Banana Food/Agricultural
Malabar Pepper Food/Agricultural
Monsooned Malabar Arabica Coffee Food/Agricultural
Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee Food/Agricultural
Mysore Betel leaf Food/Agricultural
Mysore Malligae Food/Agricultural
Nanjanagud Banana Food/Agricultural
Sirsi Supari Food/Agricultural
Udupi Malligae Food/Agricultural
Udupi Mattu Gulla Brinjal Food/Agricultural
Dharwad Pedha Food/Agricultural
Mysore Sandal soap Manufactured
Mysore Sandalwood Oil Manufactured

Kerela GI Tag

The updated list of GI tags in Kerala also includes around 31 products. Nilambur teak is one of the most talked about GI tags in Kerala.

  1. Alleppey Coir
  2. Aranmula Kannadi
  3. Balaramapuram Sarees and Fine Cotton Fabrics
  4. Brass Broidered Coconut Shell Crafts of Kerala
  5. Brass Broidered Coconut Shell Craft of Kerala (Logo)
  6. Cannanore Home Furnishings
  7. Chendamangalam Dhoties & Set Mundu
  8. Kasaragod Sarees
  9. Kuthampally Dhoties & Set Mundu
  10. Kuthampully Sarees
  11. Maddalam of Palakkad
  12. Maddalam of Palakkad (Logo)
  13. Payyannur Pavithra Ring
  14. Screw Pine Craft of Kerala
  15. Screw Pine Craft of Kerala (Logo)
  16. Alleppey Green Cardamom
  17. Central Travancore Jaggery
  18. Chengalikodan Nendran Banana
  19. Edayur Chilli
  20. Kaipad Rice
  21. Kuttiattoor Mango (Kuttiattoor Manga)
  22. Marayoor Jaggery (Marayoor Sharkara)
  23. Navara Rice
  24. Nilambur Teak
  25. Palakkadan Matta Rice
  26. Pokkali Rice
  27. Tirur Betel Leaf (Tirur Vettila)
  28. Vazhakulam Pineapple
  29. Wayanaad Robusta Coffee
  30. Wayanad Gandhakasala Rice
  31. Wayanad Jeerakasala Rice

Madhya Pradesh GI Tag List

The GI Tag list of Madhya Pradesh includes handicrafts and food agricultural products such as Nagpur Orange and Black Chicken Meat of Jhabua Kadaknath.

  1. Bagh Print of Madhya Pradesh
  2. Bagh Prints of Madhya Pradesh (Logo)
  3. Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh
  4. Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh (Logo)
  5. Chanderi-sarees
  6. Leather Toys of Indore
  7. Leather Toys of Indore (Logo)
  8. Maheshwar Sarees & Fabrics
  9. Balaghat Chinnor
  10. Mahoba Desawari Pan
  11. Nagpur Orange
  12. Jhabua Kadaknath Black Chicken Meat
  13. Ratlami Sev

GI Tag in Maharashtra

Mostly all GI tags in Maharashtra are food and agricultural-related. The famous Nashik Valley Wine is also GI tagged product in India.

S. No Maharashtra GI Tags Type of GI Tag
1 Karvath Kati Sarees & Fabrics Handicraft
2 Paithani Sarees and Fabrics Handicraft
3 Puneri Pagadi Handicraft
4 Solapur Chaddar Handicraft
5 Solapur Terry Towel Handicraft
6 Ajara Ghansal Rice Agriculture / Food
7 Alphonso Agriculture / Food
8 Ambemohar Rice Agriculture / Food
9 Beed Custard Apple Agriculture / Food
10 Bhiwapur Chilli Agriculture / Food
11 Dahanu Gholvad Chikoo Agriculture / Food
12 Jalgaon Banana Agriculture / Food
13 Jalgaon Bharit Brinjal Agriculture / Food
14 Jalna Sweet Orange Agriculture / Food
15 Kolhapur Jaggery Agriculture / Food
16 Lasalgaon Onion Agriculture / Food
17 Mahabaleshwar Strawberry Agriculture / Food
18 Mangalwedha Jowar Agriculture / Food
19 Marathwada Kesar Mango Agriculture / Food
20 Nashik Grapes Agriculture / Food
21 Navapur Tur Dal Agriculture / Food
22 Purandar Fig Agriculture / Food
23 Sangli Raisins Agriculture / Food
24 Sangli Turmeric Agriculture / Food
25 Sindhudurg & Ratnagiri Kokum Agriculture / Food
26 Solapur Pomegranate Agriculture / Food
27 Vengurla Cashew Agriculture / Food
28 Waghya Ghevada Agriculture / Food
29 Waigaon Turmeric Agriculture / Food
30 Nashik Valley Wine Manufactured

List of GI Tag of Manipur, Meghalaya and Mizoram

Meghalaya GI tag list 2022 contains two products Khasi Mandarin and Memong Narang which are both food and agricultural products. Tripura Queen Pineapple is a GI-tagged product of Tripura.

Manipur GI Tags Mizoram GI Tag
Moirang Phee Hmaram
Shaphee Lanphee Mizo Puanchei
Wangkhei Phee Ngotekherh
Chak – Hao Pawndum
Hathei Chilli Tawlhlohpuan
Kachai Lemon Mizo Chilli
Tamenglong Orange Mizo Ginger

GI Tag List for Nagaland includes the following products

  • Chakshesang Shawl – Handicraft
  • Chak-Hao – Food/ Agriculture
  • Naga Cucumber – Food/ Agriculture
  • Naga Mircha – Food/ Agriculture
  • Naga Tree Tomato – Food/ Agriculture

GI Tag of Odisha

As per the latest database, there are 18 GI tag of Odisha which includes textiles and fabric such as Ikat and Bomkai Sarees. The GI tag products of Odisha also highlight food and stone carvings.

  1. Berhampur Patta (Phoda Kumbha) Saree & Joda
  2. Bomkai Sarees
  3. Dhalapathar Parda & Fabrics
  4. Gopalpur Tussar Fabrics
  5. Habaspuri Saree & Fabrics
  6. Khandua Saree and Fabrics
  7. Konark Stone carving
  8. Kotpad Handloom fabric
  9. Orissa Ikat
  10. Orissa Pattachitra
  11. Orissa Pattachitra (Logo)
  12. Pipli Applique Work
  13. Sambalpuri Bandha Saree & Fabrics
  14. Araku Valley Arabica Coffee
  15. Ganjam Kewda Flower
  16. Kandhamal Haladi
  17. Odisha Rasagola
  18. Ganjam Kewda Rooh

Pondicherry GI tags include Tirukanur Papier Mache Craft and Villianur Terracotta Works

Latest GI Tags of Rajasthan

The complete list of GI tagged products in India belonging to Rajasthan is as follows.

  • Bagru Hand Block Print
  • Blue Pottery of Jaipur
  • Blue Pottery of Jaipur (logo)
  • Kathputlis of Rajasthan
  • Kathputlis of Rajasthan (Logo)
  • Kota Doria
  • Kota Doria (Logo)
  • Molela Clay Work
  • Molela Clay Work of Rajasthan (Logo)
  • Pokaran Pottery
  • Sanganer Handblock Printing
  • Thewa Art Work
  • Sojat Mehndi
  • Bikaneri Bhujia
  • Makrana-Marble
  • Sikkim
  • Dalle Khursani
  • Sikkim Large Cardamom

GI Tag in Tamil Nadu

The list of GI tags in Tamilnadu 2022 includes a mixed bag of handicrafts, manufactured products, and food items. Mundu Chilli grown by Ramnad farmers is also seeking the GI tag.

  1. Arani Silk
  2. Arumbavur Wood Carvings
  3. Bhavani Jamakkalam
  4. Chettinad Kottan
  5. Kallakurichi Wood Carving
  6. Kancheepuram Silk
  7. Kandangi Saree
  8. Karuppur Kalamkari Paintings
  9. Kovai Kora Cotton Sarees
  10. Madurai Malli
  11. Mahabalipuram Stone Sculpture
  12. Nachiarkoil Kuthuvilakku-Nachiarkoil Lamp
  13. Pattamadai Pai-Pattamadai Mat
  14. Salem Fabric
  15. Salem Silk known as Salem Venpattu
  16. Swamimalai Bronze Icons
  17. Swamimalai Bronze Icons (Logo)
  18. Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil
  19. Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil (Logo)
  20. Thanjavur Art Plate
  21. Thanjavur Art Plate logo
  22. Thanjavur Doll
  23. Thanjavur Netti Works
  24. Thanjavur Paintings
  25. Thanjavur Veenai
  26. Thirubuvanam Silk Sarees
  27. Toda Embroidery
  28. Eathomozhy Tall Coconut
  29. Erode Manjal (Erode Turmeric)
  30. Kanniyakumari Clove
  31. Kodaikanal Malai Poondu
  32. Nilgiri (Orthodox)
  33. Sirumalai Hill Banana
  34. Virupakshi Hill Banana
  35. Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai
  36. Palani Panchamirtham
  37. Srivilliputtur Palkova
  38. Coimbatore Wet Grinder
  39. Dindigul Locks
  40. East India Leather
  41. Madurai Sungudi
  42. Vellore Spiny Brinjal

Telangana GI Tag List 2022

Recently, lac bangles of Hyderabad get GI tag 2022. The updated Telangana GI tag list year-wise is mentioned below.

S.No GI Tags in Telangana
1. Pochampally Ikat
2. Silver Filigree of Karimnagar
3. Nirmal toys and craft
4. Nirmal furniture
5. Nirmal paintings
6. Gadwal Sarees
7. Hyderabadi Haleem
8. Cheriyal Paintings
9. Pembarthi Metal Craft
10. Siddipet Gollabhama
11. Narayanpet Handloom Sarees
12. Banaganapalle Mangoes
13. Pochampally Ikat Logo
14. Adilabad Dokra
15. Warangal Durries

Uttar Pradesh GI Tag List

The latest GI tag list of Uttar Pradesh includes the majority of handicraft products along with food items like Agra Petha Sweets and Mathura Peda. GI Tags of Uttar Pradesh
1 Agra Durrie
2 Banaras Brocades and Sarees
3 Banaras Brocades and Sarees (Logo)
4 Banaras Gulabi Meenakari Craft
5 Banaras Hand Block Print
6 Banaras Metal Repouse Craft
7 Banaras Wood Carving
8 Banaras Zardozi
9 Chunar Glaze Pottery
10 Farrukhabad Print
11 Firozabad Glass
12 Ghazipur Wall-hanging
13 Gorakhpur Terracotta
14 Hand Made Carpet of Bhadohi
15 Kanpur Saddlery
16 Khurja Pottery
17 Lucknow Chikan Craft
18 Lucknow Zardozi
19 Mirzapur Handmade Dari
20 Mau Saree
21 Mirzapur Pital Bartan
22 Moradabad Metal Craft
23 Nizamabad Black Pottery
24 Saharanpur Wood Craft
25 Varanasi Glass Beads
26 Varanasi Soft Stone Jali Work
27 Varanasi Wooden Lacquerware & Toys
28 Chunar Balua Patthar
29 Allahabad Surkha Guava
30 Kalanamak Rice
31 Mango Malihabadi Dusseheri
32 Rataul Mango
33 Meerut Scissors
34 Kannauj Perfume
35 Uttarakhand
36 Bhotia Dann of Uttarakhand
37 Uttarakhand Aipan Art
38 Uttarakhand Ringal Crafts
39 Uttarakhand Tamta Product
40 Uttarakhand Thulma
41 Kumaon Chyura Oil
42 Munsyari Razma

Uttarakhand Tejpatta is a GI Tag of Uttarakhand state along with Basmati rice.

GI Tag of West Bengal

The list of GI tags of West Bengal includes food like Sitabhog, Mihidana, and Fazli Mango. Handicraft products tagged with GI tag are mentioned below.

  1. Baluchari Saree
  2. Bankura Panchmura Terracotta Craft
  3. Bengal Dokra
  4. Bengal Patachitra
  5. Dhaniakhali Saree
  6. Madur kathi
  7. Nakshi Kantha
  8. Purulia Chau Mask
  9. Santiniketan Leather Goods
  10. Santipore Saree
  11. Wooden Mask of Kushmandi
  12. Darjeeling Tea (word & logo)
  13. Gobindobhog Rice
  14. Malda Fazli Mango
  15. Malda Khirsapati (Himsagar) Mango
  16. Malda Laxman Bhog Mango
  17. Tulapanji Rice
  18. Banglar Rasogolla
  19. Bardhaman Mihidana
  20. Bardhaman Sitabhog
  21. Joynagar Moa

Regulation of GI Tags in India

Geographical Indication tags are a part of the Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) as guided by the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. Owing to the origin of GIs, they are regulated on different levels;

  • On an international level, GI tags are overseen by the World Trade Organisation’s agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
  • On a domestic level, GI tag and their registrations are administered under the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 which came into effect on the 15th of September 2003.
  • The product from West Bengal, Darjeeling Tea, was accorded the first GI tag in India in the year 2004-05.

Protection of GI Tags

A wide roster of approaches ensures the protection and preservation of GI tags in different national and regional systems. These approaches can be consolidated with one another to do their job. Three major ways to protect a geographical indication are;

  • Special regimes of protection (sui generis systems)
  • Collective/certification marks
  • Techniques like the administrative product and approval schemes for concentrating on business practices.

Over time, these approaches have developed in accordance with varying legal practices and with different historical and economic circumstances in mind.

Importance of GI Tags

Geographical Indication (GI) tags are a type of intellectual property that identifies a product as originating from a particular geographical location or region in India. GI Tags hold significant importance in India for various reasons:

  • GI tags help protect traditional knowledge and cultural heritage associated with a product, and ensure that the benefits of such knowledge go to the communities who have preserved it over generations.
  • GI tags assure customers of the authenticity and quality of the product.
  • GI tags help farmers and artisans in rural areas to get recognition for their products and earn better livelihoods.
  • GI tags also promote tourism by creating awareness and interest in unique local products and attracting tourists to visit the places of origin.
  • GI tags provide national and international recognition to products that are unique to India, contributing to the country’s branding and image all over the world.

Therefore, GI tags play an essential role in preserving and promoting India’s traditional and unique products and provide social benefits to the communities involved in their manufacturing.


GI Tag or geographical indication tag is an important topic for the upcoming IAS Exam. Questions from GI Tags have often been asked in Prelims and Mains.

List of GI Tag UPSC Notes PDF

Candidates must go through the UPSC Books to ensure that all related specifics are covered in a comprehensive manner. It is an important topic from UPSC Syllabus and the latest current affairs related to GI Tags in India must be prepared.

GI Tags in India Questions

Candidates should also go through the UPSC previous year question papers to understand the kinds of questions asked from the GI tag UPSC topic. A few examples of questions are-

Question: GI Tag in India is given as per the a]New Design Act, 2000, [b]Indian Copyright Act, 1957 [c]Patent Act, 1970, [d]Geographical Indications (Registration and Protection) Act,1999

Answer:- Geographical Indications (Registration and Protection) Act,1999

Question: Geographical Indication (GI Tag) is granted for how many years in India? [a]20 years, [b] 10 years, [c] 50 years, [d] For an unlimited time

Answer: 10 Years

Question: How Many Products have received the GI Tags till now? [a] 370, [b] 720, [c] 650, [d[ None of the above

Answer: [a] 370

UPSC Articles
Government of India Act 1935 Vedic Period
Major Ports in India 42nd Amendment Act
Subsidiary Alliance Ashoka Inscriptions and Major Rock Edicts
Preamble of Indian Constitution National Education Policy
Socio-Religious Reform Movements In India Regulating Act 1773
Morley Minto Reforms Measurement of National Income
Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium