Monuments of India – List of Historical Important Monuments of India

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Monuments of India portray tradition and diverse cultural brilliance. They are spread across the length and breadth of the country. Historical monuments act as authentic shielding pillars of remarkable artistic mastery. Apart from famous monuments, the country is rich in civilisation, heritage establishments, royal abodes, and sanctuaries.

According to ASI (Archeological Survey of India), India owns a total of 116 tagged monuments separated into 19 states. All these monuments of India and their builders are important and bear prosperous cultural heritage and significance. Each State in India has its monuments that bring a deep inheritance. Some of the most famous monuments of India include the Red Fort, Konark Sun Temple, Taj Mahal, Golconda Fort, Gateway of India, Golden Temple, India Gate, Ellora and Ajanta Caves, Group of Monuments at Mamallapuram, Qutab Minar, etc. This article gives the complete list of monuments with states and their builders.

Monuments of India

Monuments are structures or buildings well-known for their culture and architectural legacy. They are long-lasting and popular emblems of Indian history as they depict political and historical information about them.

The importance of Indian Monuments are:

  • Indian monuments act as glory for the country and a symbol of the Indian civilization.
  • Monuments let citizens admire the country’s past.
  • They are a tremendous reservoir of knowledge for chroniclers.
  • Monuments produce a stunning canvas expressing the colours of India’s ancient culture, exposing stories and riddles of kings and queens and demonstrating wars fought heroically.
  • They function as essential sources and shreds of evidence of record and improve the tourism business as well.

Monuments can be temples, churches, mosques, landmarks, pillars, edicts, gravestones, fountains, memorials, mounds, palaces, monoliths, war memorials, statues, tombs, towers, and many more such structures.

Important Monuments of India (State-Wise)

Below are the important monuments of India, the city and Indian State where they are located, and the rulers who constructed them. Additionally, learn when these major monuments were constructed.

Monuments of India List with States
Monuments of India Built by Year/Century Place
Agra Fort Akbar 1573 AD  

Agra (Uttar Pradesh)

Agra city Sikandar Lodi
Aram Bagh Babur 1528 AD
Tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daula Noor Jahan 1628 AD
Jama Masjid Shah Jahan 1648 AD
Shish Mahal Shahjahan 1632 AD
Taj Mahal Shahjahan 1653 AD
Fatehpur Sikri

Jodha Bai Palace

Birbal Palace

Panch Mahal

Buland Darwaza

Akbar 16th century
Akbar’s Tomb Akbar and his son Jahangir 1613 AD Sikandra, Agra (Uttar Pradesh)
Deewan-E- Khas Shahjahan Agra Fort, Agra (Uttar Pradesh)
Moti Masjid Shahjahan 1635 AD
Anand Bhawan Motilal Nehru 1930 AD Allahabad, (Uttar Pradesh)
Bada Imambara Asaf-ud-daula 1785 AD Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh)
Chhota Imambara Muhammad Ali Shah
Jantar Mantar Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II 1724-1738 AD Mathura (Uttar Pradesh)
Jantar Mantar Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II 1724-1739 AD Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
Rock cut temple Mahendravarman-I 8th century Mamallapuram (Tamil Nadu)
Shore temple Narasimhavarman-II 8th century
Kailasanathar Temple Narasimhavarman-II 685-705 AD Kanchipuram (Tamil Nadu)
Airavatesvara Temple Rajaraja I 12th century Darasuram (Tamil Nadu)
Brihadeshwara Temple Rajaraja Chola I 1010 AD Tanjore (Tamil Nadu)
Gangaikondacholapuram Rajendra I 12th century Gangaikonda cholapuram (Tamil Nadu)
Saint George Fort East India Company 1644 AD Chennai (Tamil Nadu)
Meenakshi Temple Madurai, Tamil Nadu
Adhai Din Ka Jhopra Qutubuddin Aibak 1192 AD Ajmer (Rajasthan)
Dargah Ajmer Sharif Sultan Shyasuddin
Hawa Mahal Maharaja Pratap Singh 1799 AD Jaipur (Rajasthan)
Nahargarh Fort Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II 1734 AD
Jaigarh Fort Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II 1726 AD
Vijaya Stambha Maharana Kumbha 1448 AD Chittorgarh (Rajasthan)
Dilwara Jain Temple Vimal Shah 1582 AD Mount Abu (Rajasthan)
Bharatpur Fort Raja Surajmal Singh 19th century Bharatpur (Rajasthan)
Amber Fort Man Singh I 1592 AD Jaipur (Rajasthan)
Jantar Mantar Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II 1724-1736 AD
Mehrangarh Fort Rao Jodha 1460 AD Jodhpur (Rajasthan)
Jantar Mantar Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II 1724-1737 AD Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh)
Khajuraho Temples Chandelas 950-1050 AD Madhya Pradesh
Char Minar Quli Qutub Shah 1591 AD Hyderabad (Telangana)
Macca Masjid Quli Qutub Shah 1694 AD
Golconda Fort Qutub Shahi rulers 16th century
Shri Venkateswara Temple Andhra Pradesh
Ajanta Caves Gupta rulers 4-10th century Aurangabad (Maharashtra)
Bibi Ka Maqbara Aurangzeb 1661 AD
Ellora Caves Rashtrakuta rulers 6-10th century Maharashtra
Elephanta Caves Rashtrakuta rulers 5-9 century Mumbai (Maharashtra)
Gateway of India British Govt. 20th century
Vikramasila Monastery Dharma Pala 8th century Bihar
Nalanda University Kumargupta I
Shershah’s Tomb Shershah’s son 1545 AD Sasaram (Bihar)
Purana Qila Shershah Suri 16th century Delhi
Safdar Jung Tomb Shuja-ud-Daula 1754 AD
Qutub Minar Qutubuddin Aibak 1193 AD
Alai Darwaza Alauddin Khiliji 1311 AD
Hauz Khas Alauddin Khilji
Ferozshah Kotla Ferozshan Tughlaq
Khirki Masjid Ghyasuddin Tughlaq 1354 AD
Humayun’s Tomb Humayun’s wife 1533 AD
Jama Masjid Shahjahan 1656 AD
Red Fort Shahjahan 1639 AD
Moti Masjid Aurangzeb 1660 AD Delhi Fort, Delhi
Jantar Mantar Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II 1724-1735 AD New Delhi
India Gate Edwin Lutyens (Architect)
Lal Bagh Hyder Ali 1760 AD Bengaluru (Karnataka)
Gol Gumbaz (largest dome in India) Muhammad Adil Shah 1656 AD Bijapur, Karnataka
Hampi Monuments Karnataka
Swarna Mandir (Golden Temple) Guru Ram Das with the fifth, Guru Arjan 1577 AD Amritsar (Punjab)
Shantiniketan Rabindra Nath Tagore 19th century West Bengal
Victoria Memorial British Govt. 1921 AD Kolkata (West Bengal)
Sun Temple Narsimhadeva I 1250 AD Konark (Odisha)
Jagannath Temple Anantvarman Ganga 1161 AD Puri (Odisha)
Shalimar Garden Jahangir 1619 AD Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir)

Historical Indian Monuments

Let’s dive in and learn more about historical Indian monuments, along with their location. We have added the monuments of India list with states in a tabulated way below.

Important Monuments of India Built by State Place
Golghar British Govt. Bihar Patna
Pathar Ki Masjid Pervez Shah Patna
Sher Shah’s Tomb Mir Muhammad Aliwal Khan Sasaram
Vishnupad Temple Rani Ahilyabai Gaya
Feroz Shah Kotla Ferozshan Tughlaq Delhi Delhi
Humayun Tomb Empress Bega Begum Delhi
Jantar-Mantar Sawai Jai Singh Delhi
Lakshmi Narayan Temple Birla Family Delhi
President House British Govt. Delhi
Safdarjung Tomb Shuja-ud-daula Delhi
Sabarmati Ashram Mahatma Gandhi Gujarat Ahmadabad
Charar-E- Sharif Zainul Abedin Jammu and Kashmir Budgam
Nishat Garden Asaf Ali Srinagar
Ajanta- Ellora Caves Gupta rulers Maharashtra Aurangabad
Kanheri Fort Buddhists Mumbai
Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra Qutubuddin Aibak Rajasthan Ajmer
Ajmer Sharif Dargah Sultan Shyasuddin Ajmer
Jodhpur Fort Rao Jodha Jodhpur
Makka Masjid Quli Qutub Shah Telangana Hyderabad
Akbar Rsquo Tomb Akbar Uttar Pradesh Sikandra
Sati Burj Raja Bhagwan Das Mathura
Belur Math Swami Vivekananda West Bengal Kolkata
Victoria Memorial British Govt. Kolkata

Which State has the Most Famous Monuments of India?

The table below will help comprehend the total number of Indian monuments in each State.

  • The important monuments of India are designed and nurtured by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
  • To conclude, Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of monuments (741), whereas Manipur has the lowest (1).
Indian State Total Number of Famous Indian Monuments
Uttar Pradesh 741
Karnataka 506
Tamil Nadu 413
Madhya Pradesh 292
Maharashtra 285
Gujarat 203
Delhi 174
Rajasthan 163
West Bengal 133
Andhra Pradesh 129
Haryana 90
Odisha 78
Bihar 70
Jammu & Kashmir 56
Assam 55
Chhattisgarh 47
Uttarakhand 44
Himachal Pradesh 43
Punjab 33
Kerala 26
Goa 21
Ladakh 13
Jharkhand 12
Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu 12
Tripura 8
Telangana 8
Mizoram 8
Meghalaya 8
Arunachal Pradesh 5
Nagaland 4
Sikkim 3
Manipur 1

British Monuments of India

It is imperative to be familiar with the elementary facts about some British architectural structures built during the pre-Independence period of India. Below are the 6 monuments made by the British that possess immense value in the Indian record.

British Architectural Monuments of India
British Monuments Built By Relevance
Gateway of India George Wittet To monumentalize King George V’s arrival to India.
All India War Memorial Arch or India Gate Edward Lutyens A memorial built in Delhi to mark the demise of 70,000 Indian and British soldiers during World War I.
St. Mary’s Church John Thompson It is the oldest British monument in India (Chennai) and the most ancient Anglican church in South Asia.
Victoria Memorial Sir William Emerson It was created in remembrance of Queen Victoria.
Parliament House or House of Parliament Edward Lutyens and Herbert Baker. It represents the highest legislative body in the country.
Rashtrapati Bhavan Edward Lutyens This monument of Delhi was the former dwelling of the British Viceroy.

Religious Monuments of India

India is a diverse nation, and religion plays an influential role in its culture. A mixture of beliefs exists in holy monuments. Here is a list of religious monuments in India that illuminate windows to the rich past of ancient India.

Name of Religious Monuments Place Built by in the year Facts
Sanchi Stupa Madhya Pradesh Started by Ashoka in the 3rd Century, B.C.E. Oldest stone temple in India that holds a unique model of Buddhist artistry and architecture.
Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh Built by the Chandela dynasty between 900 to 1130 CE. The Nagara style of architecture is devoted to Hinduism and Jainism gods.
Golden Temple Punjab Made in the 16th Century by Guru Ram Das. It incorporates the Guru Granth Sahib, the most divine scripture of Sikhism.
Ellora Cave Temples Maharashtra Rashtrakuta king Krishna I (756-773 CE). It exhibits 17 Hindu, 12 Buddhist, and 5 Jain caves and is an ideal form of rock-cut architecture in India.
Jama Masjid New Delhi Built by Shah Jahan in 1656 C.E. It is the biggest mosque that can adjust 25,000 people. This Masjid is a mix of Hindu and Mughal architecture.
Mahabodhi Temple Bihar Built by Ashoka in 250 B.C.E. Regarded as the oldest brick structure in India. It is a Buddhist place of worship where Lord Buddha acquired enlightenment.

Temple Architecture of India

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