Union Public Service Commission: Composition of UPSC, Functions, Members and Chairman

By Balaji

Updated on: March 24th, 2023

The Union Public Service Commission, also known as UPSC, is India’s top central hiring organization for selecting all Group ‘A’ officers employed by the Indian government. All Group A roles of all central government entities, including all central public sector undertakings and all central autonomous bodies, are subject to its recruitment and examination procedures. The UPSC is a constitutional body.

Candidates for the UPSC Exam should have a solid understanding of the commission since it is in charge of holding the All-India Civil Services Examination. In the preliminary exam, you may be given questions about the UPSC’s composition, chairmanship, and functions.

Table of content

  • 1. Union Public Service Commission (more)
  • 2. UPSC – Constitutional Status and Location (more)
  • 3. Composition of UPSC (more)
  • 4. UPSC Members and Chairman: Eligibility and Tenure (more)
  • 5. Functions of UPSC (more)
  • 6. Articles Concerning Union Public Service Commission (more)
  • 7. UPSC 2023 (more)

Union Public Service Commission

The Full Form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission. The current Union Public Service Commission was established on October 1, 1926, under the name Public Service Commission. After being reconstructed in 1935 under the Government of India Act 1935, the Commission’s name was changed to Federal Public Service Commission.

To carry out the responsibilities, functions, and obligations allocated to it by Article 320, the UPSC is a constitutional body as defined by Articles 315-323 of Part XIV Chapter II of the Indian Constitution. A list of those exams is provided below.

UPSC – Constitutional Status and Location

The Indian Constitution, namely Articles 315 to 323 of Part XIV, headed “Services under the Union and the States,” grants the commission’s permission. The Union Public Service Commission answers directly to the President, who also serves as a conduit for its advice to the government. However, the Government is not obligated by such advice.

Being a constitutional authority, UPSC is one of the few organizations that can operate freely and autonomously. The commission has its own secretariat based out of Dholpur House in New Delhi.

Composition of UPSC

For the purpose of selecting and recommending candidates for various Group A and Group B Services of the Government of India, the Union Public Service Commission conducts various examinations in line with the Rules of Examination as announced by the Government of India in a just, fair, and impartial manner.

The Union Public Service Commission comprises ten members and a UPSC chairman. The Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969, control the terms and conditions of employment for the chairman and members of the Commission.

Below is a list of the Union Public Service Commission’s members as of 2022:

Name Designation
Dr. Manoj Soni Chairman
Ms. Smita Nagaraj Member
Ms. M. Sathiyavathy Member
Sh. Bharat Bhushan Vyas Member
Dr. T. C. A. Anant Member
Sh. Rajiv Nayan Choubey Member
Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla (Retd.) Member

UPSC Members and Chairman: Eligibility and Tenure

The Indian President chooses the Union Public Service Commission’s chairman and other members. Members of the UPSC typically have at least 10 years of experience working for the government, either in the Central or State services.

  • The Secretariat, which consists of a Secretary, two Additional Secretaries, numerous Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries, and various support workers, examines the Commission.
  • Each member serves a six-year term of office or until he or she is 65.
  • The President of India can remove a member or chairman from office under the conditions and following the procedure outlined in Article 317 of the Indian Constitution.

Functions of UPSC

According to Article 320 of the Indian Constitution, the Commission must be consulted on all issues about hiring civil services and positions. According to Article 320 of the Constitution, the Commission’s functions are:

  • Framing and amendment of Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the Government.
  • Appointment of officers on promotion/deputation/absorption.
  • Disciplinary cases relating to different Civil Services.
  • Direct recruitment by selection through interviews.
  • Advising the Government on any matter referred to the Commission by the President of India.
  • Conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.

Articles Concerning Union Public Service Commission

The Indian merit system is under the watchful eye of UPSC. Important Articles concerning the Union Public Service Commission are discussed in the Constitution of India.

Article concerning UPSC Explanation
Article 315 Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the states
Article 316 Appointment and term of office of members
Article 317 Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission
Article 318 Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission.
Article 319 Prohibition as to the holding of office by members of the commission on ceasing to be such members
Article 320 Functions of Public Service Commissions
Article 321 Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions
Article 322 Expenses of Public Service Commissions
Article 323 Reports of Public Service Commissions

UPSC 2023

UPSC Exam notification for 2023 will be released by the commission on 01 February 2023. Candidates preparing for the upcoming exam will be able to fill in the application along with the release of the notification. UPSC Prelims 2023 is scheduled to be held on 28 May 2023, while UPSC Mains 2023 will commence on 15 September 2023.

Exam Name UPSC Civil Services Examination
Exam Year 2023
Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Exam Level National
Exam Periodicity Yearly
Mode Offline (Pen-Paper Mode)
IAS Selection Process The UPSC Recruitment is a three-stage test: Prelims, Mains, and Interview.
UPSC Topics
UPSC Exam UPSC Syllabus
CSAT Syllabus in Hindi UPSC Exam Date
UPSC Optional Subjects UPSC Eligibility
UPSC Online Application UPSC Syllabus
UPSC 2024 UPSC Previous Year Question Papers
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