UPSC Syllabus 2022: Download UPSC Syllabus PDF for IAS Prelims and Mains

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : September 16th, 2022

UPSC Syllabus 2022 is released by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) on its official website. The IAS Syllabus is divided into prelims and mains. The candidates preparing for the UPSC exam must be well versed with the syllabus before they begin their preparation. UPSC Syllabus is considered to be vast and difficult to cover, therefore the aspirants must note down the syllabus to plan their preparation in a strategic manner. In this article, we have categorized the complete UPSC Syllabus for Prelims, Mains, and Optional subjects for your convenience.

UPSC syllabus for 2022 saw no changes and is similar to the previous year's syllabus. Candidates can download the UPSC syllabus PDF in English and Hindi directly from the links mentioned below. Geography, Sociology, Political Science, Public Administration, History, Law, and Philosophy are some of the popular UPSC subjects that you can opt for. If you have decided on your optional, download the UPSC syllabus for prelims, mains, GS subjects, and optional paper.

Table of Content

UPSC Syllabus PDF

The UPSC Exam syllabus PDF is available in both English and Hindi language. The direct link to download the UPSC exam syllabus is mentioned below. It is highly recommended that you download the IAS Syllabus PDF and ensure you are well versed with it.

➩ Download: Latest UPSC Syllabus PDF for Prelims & Mains

The syllabus for the UPSC CSE is vast and takes time to complete the entire syllabus. Therefore, you must remember the topics to be covered.

UPSC Syllabus 2022

IAS syllabus is divided as per the selection process and stages - prelims and mains. The UPSC Prelims exam is the first stage of the exam and is qualifying in nature. Candidates who clear the prelims exam appear for the UPSC Mains exam, which is descriptive in nature.

The applicants can download the UPSC Syllabus for GS and optional subjects separately. After the mains exam, selected candidates appear for the interview stage. To ensure that you are fully prepared, you must go through the complete UPSC syllabus and begin your preparation. It is important to note that UPSC releases the IAS syllabus for mains separately for all the papers.

UPSC Syllabus in Hindi PDF

संघ लोक सेवा आयोग द्वारा प्रति वर्ष, भारतीय प्रशासनिक सेवाओं के लिए भर्ती परीक्षा आयोजित की जाती है। संघ लोक सेवा आयोग द्वारा सिविल सेवा परीक्षा के माध्यम से केंद्रीय भारतीय सेवाओं के लिए आवेदन प्रपत्र प्राप्त किया जाता है। सिविल सेवा (प्रारंभिक एवं प्रधान) परीक्षा हेतु पाठ्यक्रम संलग्न है। PDF को समय से डाउनलोड करके, अपनी यूपीएससी की तैयारी को नई दिशा प्रदान करें।

Download UPSC Syllabus PDF in Hindi

UPSC Syllabus Prelims 2023

UPSC syllabus for prelims consists of GS syllabus (Paper 1) and CSAT Syllabus (Paper 2). The prelims stage is a qualifying stage. Therefore, candidates must comprehensively go through the UPSC prelims syllabus and prepare a strategic plan to ace the exam.

IAS Syllabus for UPSC CSE Prelims

Two Papers

General Studies Paper 1 (General Studies)

General Studies Paper 2 (CSAT)

Total Questions

GS Paper 1 - 100 and CSAT - 80

Total Marks

GS Paper-I: 200 Marks and CSAT: 200 Marks

Negative Marking

1/3 of the total marks assigned to the question will be deducted.

Time Allotted

Two hours each

GS Paper 1: 2 Hours (9:30 AM -11:30 AM) and CSAT: 2 Hours (2:30 PM – 4:30 PM)

UPSC Syllabus GS Paper 1

UPSC lists the following topics in the official IAS syllabus 2022. Check the topics covered in UPSC CSE 2022 General Studies Paper 1 syllabus

  1. Current events of national and international importance
  2. History of India and the Indian National Movement
  3. Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
  4. Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
  5. Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc
  6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization
  7. General Science

UPSC Syllabus GS Paper 2 - CSAT

IAS Prelims CSAT paper is a qualifying exam. Marks of CSAT are not counted for the final selection for Mains. As per the official UPSC syllabus 2022, the following are the topics to be covered for the exam.

  1. Comprehension
  2. Interpersonal skills, including communication skills
  3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  4. Decision-making and problem solving
  5. General mental ability
  6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. - Class X level)

UPSC Syllabus Weightage for Prelims

UPSC Syllabus for Prelims consists of various subjects, and the topic-wise weightage of each varies each year. Applicants must go through the weightage of all the subjects asked in the prelims exam paper 1.

Year/SubjectCurrent AffairsHistoryGeographyPolityEconomicsScience n TechnologyEnvironment
202114201014151215
202018201017151010
20192217141514711
201814221013181013
2017151492216915
201627157718818
20152617161313811
20148221414101618
20130161816191417
2012119172017917

UPSC Syllabus 2022 Mains

The UPSC CSE syllabus for the Mains exam consists of the syllabus for all the papers, including essays, general studies, and all optional subjects. It is a well-known fact that the UPSC syllabus is vast and difficult to remember. The best way to understand the IAS exam syllabus is by dividing it into a structured manner.

Exam experts have divided the syllabus below for all the papers in a tabular format.

Paper

Subject

IAS Syllabus Overview - Mains

Qualifying Paper: Paper A

The candidate must choose one of the Indian languages from the languages listed in the Constitution's Eighth Schedule.

The syllabus consists of Comprehension, Precis Writing, Usage, and Vocabulary with Short Essays.

Qualifying Paper: Paper B

English

The UPSC CSE syllabus for English includes the following sections - Comprehension of a given passage, Precis Writing, Usage, Vocabulary, and Short Essays.

Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa

Paper 1

Essay

Can be written in the medium of the candidate's choice

Paper 2

General Studies 1

UPSC exam syllabus for GS 1 includes the following subjects - Art & Culture, History, Geography, and Society

Paper 3

General Studies 2

Paper 2 of the UPSC Syllabus for the Mains exam contains topics from Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International Relations.

Paper 4

General Studies 3

IAS Syllabus for GS 3 covers the following - Technology, Economics, Environment Biodiversity, Internal Security and Disaster Management

Paper 5

General Studies 4

UPSC syllabus GS 4 covers Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude

Paper 6

Optional Subject – Paper 1

Detailed IAS exam syllabus for all optional subjects is mentioned in the notification.

Paper 7

Optional Subject – Paper 2

Detailed topics under UPSC syllabus GS paper 1, 2, 3, and 4 are mentioned below:

UPSC Mains Syllabus GS Paper 1

The GS Paper 1 mains includes the IAS syllabus for history, geography, society, and Indian culture. Check the detailed UPSC syllabus for GS 1 below.

GS 1 Subjects

UPSC CSE 2022 General Studies Syllabus

Art & Culture

Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

UPSC History Mains Syllabus

  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • The history of the world will include events from the 18th century, such as
  • the Industrial Revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization,
  • Political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.- their forms and effect on society.

Indian Society UPSC Syllabus

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India, Population and associated issues, the role of women and women's organization, Effects of globalization on Indian society, poverty and developmental issues, Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism, Urbanization, their problems, and their remedies.

UPSC Geography Mains Syllabus

  • Salient features of the world's physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent)
  • Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclones, etc.,
  • Geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps), flora and fauna, and the effects of such changes.

UPSC Syllabus GS Paper 2

The General Studies paper 2 of the IAS syllabus includes topics from Polity, Governance, and IR. Check the detailed syllabus below.

UPSC Syllabus Polity

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States
  • Issues and challenges about the federal structure
  • Devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein
  • Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges, and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government;
  • Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies

Governance UPSC Syllabus

  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising from their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes
  • Mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for protecting and improving these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, and Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential.
  • Citizens charters, transparency & accountability, and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.

UPSC Syllabus for International Relations

  • India and its neighbourhood - relations.
  • Bilateral, regional, and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies, and fora, their structure, mandate.

UPSC Syllabus GS Paper 3

UPSC CSE syllabus for GS 3 covers Economics, Science & Tech, and Internal Security. The focus areas of the IAS Syllabus for GS 3 are mentioned below.

IAS Syllabus for GS Paper 3

Economics

Macroeconomics and Economic Development in India and Banking, International Organisations, Money Market, and Capital Market.

Science & Technology

Nuclear Energy, Space Technology with recent missions, Defence Technology, Dark Matter, Higgs Boson, GM Crops, Current Affairs and Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology

Biodiversity

Types of Biodiversity, Environment, Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Security

Internal Security Challenges in India, Extremism, Terrorism, Money-Laundering

Disaster Management

PM Cares Fund, recent Government steps, National Disaster Management Plan

UPSC Syllabus for GS Paper 4 (Ethics)

The ethics section is as per GS paper 4 in the UPSC Syllabus. This was the latest addition to the IAS syllabus in 2013, which includes various case studies to judge the practical aspects of the administrative job. The ethics UPSC syllabus is divided into three sections- ethics, integrity, and aptitude.

This section of the UPSC exam syllabus will feature questions designed to assess the candidates' attitudes and approaches to topics such as honesty, public probity, and his problem-solving approach to various challenges and conflicts he may confront in interacting with society. To identify these features, questions may use a case study technique.

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, Determinants, and Consequences of Ethics in - Human Actions; Dimensions of Ethics; Ethics - in Private and Public Relationships.
  • Human Values: Lessons from the Lives and Teachings of Great Leaders, Reformers, and Administrators; Role of Family Society and Educational Institutions in Inculcating Values.
  • Attitude: Content, Structure, Function; its Influence and Relation with Thought and Behaviour; Moral and Political Attitudes; Social Influence and Persuasion.
  • Aptitude and Foundational Values for Civil Service: Integrity, Empathy, Impartiality and Non-partisanship, Objectivity, Tolerance, Dedication to Public Service, and Compassion towards the weaker sections.
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Contributions of Moral Thinkers and Philosophers from India and the World
  • Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
  • Probity in Governance

UPSC Syllabus for Optional Subjects

Aspirants choose one of the optional subjects from the 48 mentioned in the official notification to appear for UPSC mains papers 6 & 7. Check the UPSC civil services syllabus for all the optional subjects below.

List of Optional Subject Syllabus for UPSC IAS Mains Exam:

S.No

UPSC Subject List

1

UPSC Syllabus Economics

2

UPSC Syllabus Geography

3

PSIR UPSC Optional Syllabus

4

UPSC Syllabus Sociology for Optional

5

UPSC Mains Agriculture Syllabus

6

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Syllabus

7

UPSC Syllabus Anthropology

8

UPSC Syllabus Botany

9

IAS Syllabus Chemistry

10

UPSC IAS Syllabus for Civil Engineering

11

UPSC Syllabus Commerce and Accountancy

12

UPSC IAS Syllabus Electrical Engineering

13

UPSC Syllabus for Geology

14

UPSC IAS History Syllabus

15

UPSC Syllabus for Law

15

UPSC Management Syllabus

16

UPSC Maths Optional Syllabus

17

IAS Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering

18

UPSC Medical Science Syllabus

19

UPSC Syllabus Philosophy

20

UPSC Syllabus for Physics

21

UPSC Syllabus for Psychology

22

UPSC Syllabus Public Administration

23

UPSC Science and Tech Syllabus

24

UPSC Statistics Syllabus

25

Zoology Syllabus for UPSC

26

Polity Syllabus for UPSC IAS Exam

27

Indian Society UPSC Syllabus

UPSC Optional Literature Syllabus

IAS Syllabus also includes an optional syllabus for various literature subjects. Candidates who opt for one of the literature subjects as their optional must download the UPSC Syllabus for literate subjects to get started.

S.No

Optional Literature Subjects

1

UPSC Assamese Literature Syllabus

2

UPSC Bengali Literature Syllabus

3

UPSC Syllabus Gujarati Literature

4

Manipuri Literature UPSC Syllabus

5

UPSC Odia Literature Syllabus

6

UPSC Syllabus Sanskrit Literature

7

UPSC Syllabus Telugu Literature

8

UPSC Bodo Literature Syllabus

9

UPSC Syllabus English Literature

10

UPSC Syllabus Hindi Literature

11

UPSC Syllabus Kannada Literature

12

UPSC Maithili Syllabus

13

UPSC Sindhi Syllabus

14

UPSC Tamil Literature Syllabus

15

UPSC Malayalam Literature Syllabus

16

UPSC Nepali Syllabus

17

UPSC Marathi Syllabus

18

UPSC Dogri Syllabus

19

UPSC Konkani Syllabus

20

UPSC Urdu Syllabus

21

UPSC Santhali Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus Interview

There is no defined IAS syllabus for the Interview, also known as Personality Test. As the name suggests, UPSC does not aim to test specialized knowledge in Interviews that have already been tested in the mains exam.

  • The purpose of the interview/personality test is to assess the candidate's fitness for a career in public service and assess a candidate's mental abilities.
  • This tests not only academic abilities but also social attributes and current-event interests.
  • Mental alertness, critical capacities of absorption, clear and logical presentation, the balance of judgment, range and depth of interest, aptitude for social cohesion and leadership, and intellectual and moral integrity are some of the attributes to be assessed.

Tips to Prepare UPSC Syllabus 2022

To begin your preparation for the upcoming UPSC CSE exam 2022, you must download and decode the IAS syllabus for prelims, mains, and optional subjects. After carefully analyzing the syllabus, create a study plan to cover all the UPSC syllabus topics promptly.

  • There are a lot of books available in the market for UPSC preparation; hence, carefully select the booklist for all the subjects.
  • Always refer to the UPSC syllabus while completing a topic, so you know how to complete the topic and the sections to focus on.
  • After completing each section, practice UPSC Previous Year Question Papers to assess your comprehension.
  • The most important part of the preparation is revision. It is important to revise the completed syllabus to improve retention consistently.

Best Books to Cover IAS Syllabus

Below are the best foundation UPSC Books to cover the general studies section of the UPSC CSE syllabus. Each aspirant must complete the NCERT books for UPSC before moving on to other books.

  • History - India's Struggle for Independence – Bipan Chandra, Indian Art, and Culture by Nitin Singhania, NCERT Class 11 and Class 12
  • Geography - NCERT, G C Leong, Atlas
  • Indian Polity- Indian Polity – M Laxmikanth
  • Economics- Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh, Economic Development & Policies in India – Jain & Ohri along with NCERTs, Bidget, and Economic Survey
  • Environment- NCERTs
  • UPSC Current Affairs

Difference between UPSC Prelims and Mains Syllabus

When going through the IAS syllabus for prelims and mains, you will notice that mains is just an elaborate version of the prelims syllabus. Let's compare the UPSC syllabus for prelims and mains to analyze the topics & subjects covered in both stages.

Subjects under UPSC Prelims Syllabus

  1. History - Ancient, Medieval & Modern
  2. Post-Independence India
  3. Art & Culture
  4. Indian and World Geography
  5. Polity & Governance
  6. Economics
  7. Environment & Biodiversity
  8. Science & Tech
  9. Current Affairs
  10. CSAT

Subjects under UPSC Mains Syllabus

  1. English
  2. Chosen Language
  3. Indian Art & Culture
  4. History- Ancient, Medieval & Modern
  5. World History
  6. Geography
  7. Indian Society
  8. Polity & Governance
  9. International Relations
  10. Science & Technology
  11. Economics & Economic Development
  12. Environment & Biodiversity
  13. Internal Security
  14. Disaster Management
  15. Ethics
  16. Optional Subject

The prelims exam is an MCQ-based test where questions asked can be chosen from the given options, whereas questions in the mains exam are descriptive. The main exam is designed to evaluate applicants' general intellectual qualities and depth of knowledge rather than just their breadth of material and recall.

UPSC Syllabus for IPS

UPSC Syllabus for IPS is the same as the IAS Syllabus. UPSC conducts the civil service exam yearly for various Group A and B services, including IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, and more. The detailed UPSC Syllabus released each year by the commission is similar to all the services included under the CSE exam.

Candidates who apply for the IPS Exam must clear the Prelims exam, followed by Mains and Interview. As per the rank and preference, applicants are allotted the IPS posts. Therefore, prepare the UPSC Syllabus 2022 for Prelims and Mains to get your desired services.

UPSC Syllabus for IFS

UPSC conducts IFS Exam under the civil service exam. The UPSC exam syllabus for Indian foreign service is the same as the IAS syllabus, which includes prelims, mains, and optional subject syllabus.

Indian Foreign Service is allocated after the UPSC Result based on the rank, preference of the candidate, and vacancies. Candidates who wish to be IFS officers must download the UPSC syllabus for IFS subject-wise using the links mentioned above.

Role of an IFS Officer

  • IFS officers represent India in the embassy, consulate,s and high commissions worldwide.
  • IFS also represents the country in permanent missions to organizations like the UN.
  • Their prime responsibility is safeguarding national interests and promoting friendly relations with other countries.

Is there any change in UPSC Syllabus 2022?

Since 1979, UPSC has followed the three-phase selection method, viz., Prelims, Mains, and Personality Test or Interview, for recruiting candidates for group A and group B services under the central government. Therefore, the IAS syllabus is released for prelims and mains. Though from time to time, the UPSC prelims and mains exam pattern has changed gradually, it has still withheld the tag of being the toughest exam in India.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus and Pattern

  • Back before 2010, the UPSC syllabus and pattern were simple and predictable. The prelims pattern had MCQs, which could be easily cleared by mugging up the famous magazines, notes, and authentic UPSC books.
  • But in recent times, the syllabus for UPSC prelims mainly focuses on current affairs, correlating it with the static knowledge of subjects.

UPSC Mains Syllabus and Pattern

  • The questions asked from the IAS syllabus previously were more of a direct approach, but the questions asked in recent times test the candidate's mental and critical thinking ability.
  • Moreover, the 2 marks questions are no longer a part of the main question paper.

The timeline here showcases the changes over the years made in the UPSC Exam Pattern:

2011: The UPSC syllabus for CSAT was introduced. The CSAT paper replaced the optional subject in the prelims as GS Paper 2.

2012: The marks of the GS Paper and the CSAT paper were added to make the prelims merit list for qualifying candidates. The UPSC Syllabus of the mains was made more generic. The exam pattern 2012 incorporated two papers on general studies and one essay.

2013: The total marks for the essay paper increased from 200 to 250. The candidates had to write only one essay per the updated IAS Syllabus.

  • The number of optional subjects in the UPSC mains decreased from two to one, and the number of general studies papers increased from two to four.
  • The previous two general studies papers were divided into three, with the introduction of 'Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude' as GS paper 4.

2014: In the essay paper from 2014, candidates were asked to attempt two Essays from the given two sections. The total number of permissible attempts at the exam was increased from four to six for general category candidates. The maximum permissible age limit to sit for the IAS exam was increased from 30 to 32 years for general candidates.

2015: Only GS marks obtained in the prelims exam were considered for merit, and the CSAT was made only for qualifying.

Over the recent years, there have been no major changes in the UPSC syllabus except for the decrease in vacancies. Also, the major decision of the authorities to share the details and results of the appearing candidates with other public and private recruiting agencies.

UPSC Syllabus 2022 - Important Topics for Prelims

Candidates must note that it is recommended that you do not omit any topic from the IAS syllabus for the prelims exam. The important topics mentioned below are because they have always been asked in the prelims exam, and you must prioritize them when preparing for the prelims exam.

  • Art & Culture: Paintings, Folk Dance, Cave Paintings, Festivals, Ahom Kingdom, World Heritage, Malabar or Moplah Rebellion, Jainism & Buddhism
  • History: Harappan Civilization, Indus Valley, Mauryan, Gupta Empire, South Indian History, Delhi Sultanate, Mughal Empire, Indian Independence Movement, Chronology, Constitution during the British era, etc
  • UPSC Syllabus for Polity has limited topics, most of which are crucial for the upcoming exam.
  • Geography: Indian geography and world geography, climatology, physical geography, soil, agriculture, resource distribution, etc
  • Economics: Features of Indian Economy, Basic Economic Indicators, population, rates, income, money market, banking, international organizations, public finance.
  • Current Affairs are a significant part of the UPSC prelims exam.

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FAQs on UPSC Syllabus

  • UPSC syllabus is broadly divided into prelims and mains. The UPSC syllabus includes subjects such as history, polity, economics, geography, environment, science & tech, ethics, and more.

  • You can download the UPSC syllabus PDF in English/Hindi directly from the official website in the form of an official IAS notification. You can also download the detailed UPSC CSE syllabus 2022 from the pdf link mentioned here.

  • The commission has released the official notification for UPSC exam 2022 along with the UPSC prelims syllabus. The syllabus includes Paper 1 (GS) and Paper 2 (CSAT). Paper 1 covers subjects such as history, geography, economics, polity, environment, science & tech, etc whereas CSAT is an aptitude test. The aspirants can download UPSC Syllabus for prelims 2022 here.

  • To begin with, you must analyze the UPSC exam syllabus in a comprehensive manner to assess your weak subjects. Create a month-wise plan as per the exam date to complete the entire syllabus. Download the UPSC syllabus pdf and use it as a checklist after completion of each topic.

    Choose the right books and resources to ensure that you have a strong foundation. After completing each topic, you must solve the previous year's UPSC papers and assess your level of preparation. Continuous checks are important to rectify the mistakes and improve the level of your preparation.

  • The sociology syllabus for UPSC consists of two papers- paper 1 and paper 2. The UPSC syllabus for sociology paper 1 revolves around the basic idea of the subject along with thinkers, etc. The topics in Paper 1 Sociology include Discipline, Thinkers, Research Methods and Analysis, Politics and Society, etc. Paper 2 includes Indian society, its structure, and social changes. 

  • There are no changes in the latest UPSC syllabus 2022. The syllabus remains the same for prelims, mains, and optional subjects. There has been no change in the IAS syllabus since 2013 when ethics was introduced as general studies paper 4.

  • UPSC syllabus for GS paper 2 includes topics on polity, governance, IR, and UPSC prelims syllabus also includes polity and governance. In the prelims exam, international relations questions are seldom asked. There is a huge overlap between the IAS syllabus for GS Paper 2 and prelims.

  • The anthropology syllabus for UPSC includes topics such as meaning, correlation with other disciplines, human evolution, culture, society, marriage, family, kinship, religion, race, racism, economic, political, and social structure, etc. The UPSC syllabus for anthropology PDF is divided into two parts - paper 1 and paper 2.

  • Experts and toppers often recommend that aspirants must memorize the UPSC syllabus for better preparation. The best way to remember the syllabus is to rewrite it in your notebook or paper after slowly understanding it. You can then use that IAS syllabus as your checklist and keep it at your study table for quick reference.

  • Yes, world history is a part of the UPSC syllabus. It is important to note that world history is only asked in the UPSC mains syllabus and not in the prelims exam. In the UPSC syllabus for mains, world history is a part of GS Paper 1.

  • Geography is a part of both prelims and mains. A few of the most recommended books to complete the UPSC syllabus for Geography are NCERTs from Class 6 -12, G C Leong, India: A Comprehensive Geography by D.R Khuller along with Atlas.

  • Yes, UPSC conducts the civil services exam for both IAS and IPS posts. The UPSC syllabus is the same for both posts released in the official notification. Complete UPSC syllabus is divided into prelims, mains, and optional subjects.

  • As per the student’s feedback, subjects such as sociology, anthropology, and Public administration are considered to have a comparatively lesser IAS syllabus than other subjects. However, if prepared properly, all the optional subjects are high scoring.

  • UPSC is one of the toughest exams in the world where people are competing with one another to become IAS, IPS, or IRS Officers. Union Public Service Commission has given an opportunity to write exams in the Hindi language. The aspirants looking for UPSC syllabus PDF in Hindi can download it from here.

  • UPSC optional carries 500 marks in the Mains exam. The decision for optionals must be made with extreme caution. English literature and Hindi literature are a few popular optional subjects among all the language options available in the UPSC exam.

    >> Also Download: UPSC Hindi Literature Syllabus PDF

  • UPSC CSE is an all-India level exam whereas each state commission conducts a state-level PCS exam. The UPSC Syllabus is more elaborate and exhaustive as compared to the state PSC syllabus and few also have a different selection process. General studies is asked in almost all PCS exams but the difficulty level varies. 

    >> Check: UPPSC Syllabus

  • History is asked in prelims, mains GS and also as an optional subject. UPSC History syllabus PDF includes topics from ancient, medieval, and modern history. The history syllabus for UPSC mains also includes world history topics.

  • The UPSC exam is considered to be highly unpredictable. As per the analysis, for the past few years, more questions have been asked about current affairs. From the UPSC syllabus, an almost equal number of questions are asked from history, polity, geography, and economics.

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