UPSC Civil Services Syllabus 2022 for Prelims and Mains Exam, Download PDF in Hindi & English

ByArpit Kumar Jain  |  Updated on: Jan 14, 2022Here is everything you need to know about UPSC Syllabus 2022 for IAS Prelims & Mains exam. Download UPSC IAS syllabus PDF in Hindi & English that includes important topics & their weightage.
Here is everything you need to know about UPSC Syllabus 2022 for IAS Prelims & Mains exam. Download UPSC IAS syllabus PDF in Hindi & English that includes important topics & their weightage.
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UPSC Syllabus 2022 will be released by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) along with its official notification. UPSC conducts the  Civil Services Examination every year. The IAS syllabus is available at the UPSC official website – or you can also download the IAS Syllabus pdf from the direct link mentioned below. Candidates who apply for the IAS exam 2022 must be well versed with the syllabus of prelims and mains exam before beginning their preparation. 

UPSC Syllabus 2022 Overview

The UPSC CSE 2022 is held in three stages, Prelims Exam followed by Mains Exam and then Interview. The UPSC provides a detailed syllabus for both Prelims and Mains Exam. It is important to understand the IAS exam Pattern before going through the syllabus to have a better understanding of the topics to be covered. The official IAS Exam Syllabus 2022 is released in the notification pdf. 

UPSC IAS Prelims Syllabus 2022

The IAS Prelims Exam 2022 consists of two papers. Check the details of the UPSC Prelims Exam. 

PaperSubjectsTotal MarksDuration
IGeneral Studies (GS)2002 hours (9:30 AM to 11:30 AM)
IICSAT2002 hours (2:30 PM to 4:30 PM)

UPSC Prelims Syllabus: General Studies Paper I

The following topics are listed by UPSC in the official IAS Syllabus 2022. 

  1. Current events of national and international importance
  2. History of India and Indian National Movement
  3. Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
  4. Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
  5. Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc
  6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization
  7. General Science

UPSC Prelims Syllabus: CSAT- Paper II

IAS Prelims CSAT paper is a qualifying exam. Marks of CSAT is not counted for the final selection for Mains.

  1. Comprehension
  2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  4. Decision-making and problem solving
  5. General mental ability
  6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. - Class X level)

UPSC IAS Mains Syllabus 2022

The IAS Mains Exam 2022 will be taken by the candidates who successfully qualify for the Prelims Exam. The UPSC CSE Mains Exam 2022 will be divided into 9 papers. Check the details of the Mains papers.

Paper – IEssay (can be written in the medium of the candidate’s choice)250
Paper – IIGeneral Studies – I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)250
Paper – IIIGeneral Studies – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations)250
Paper – IVGeneral Studies – III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)250
Paper – VGeneral Studies – IV (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)250
Paper – VIOptional Subject – Paper I250
Paper – VIIOptional Subject – Paper II

UPSC Mains Syllabus: General Studies Paper-1

The UPSC Mains GS paper 1 covers the following topics. 




GS-I: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

GS-I: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

GS-I: Salient features of the world's physical geography.

GS-I: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

GS-I: Role of women and women's organization,

GS-I: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);

GS-I: The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

GS-I: Population and associated issues,

GS-I: Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

GS-I: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

GS-I: Poverty and developmental issues,

GS-I: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone, etc.,

GS-I: History of the world will include events from the 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

GS-I: Urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

GS-I: Geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.


GS-I: Effects of globalization on Indian society


GS-I: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.


UPSC Mains Syllabus: General Studies Paper-2




GS-II: Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structure.

GS-II: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

GS-II: India and its neighborhood- relations.

GS-II: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States

GS-II: Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

GS-II: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests

GS-II: Issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure

GS-II: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes;

GS-II: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.

GS-II: Devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

GS-II: Mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

GS-II: Important International institutions, agencies, and fora, their structure, mandate.

GS-II: Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

GS-II: Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


GS-II: Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

GS-II: Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.


GS-II: Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges, and issues arising out of these.

GS-II: Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential;


GS-II: Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government;

GS-II: Citizens charters, transparency & accountability, and institutional and other measures.


GS-II: Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

GS-II: Role of civil services in a democracy.


GS-II: Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.



GS-II: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.



GS-II: Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies



UPSC Mains Syllabus: General Studies Paper-3

Economic Development

Science & Tech, Environment and Disaster Management

Internal Security

GS-III: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.

GS-III: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

GS-III: Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

GS-III: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

GS-III: Achievements of Indians in science & technology;

GS-III: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

GS-III: Government Budgeting.

GS-III: Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

GS-III: Money-laundering and its prevention

GS-III: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport, and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

GS-III: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology

GS-III: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security;

GS-III: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;

GS-III: Issues relating to intellectual property rights.

GS-III: Security challenges and their management in border areas;

GS-III: Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping;

 GS-III: Disaster and disaster management.

GS-III: Linkages of organized crime with terrorism

GS-III: Issues of buffer stocks and food security;

GS-III: Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, environmental impact assessment

GS-III: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

GS-III: Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.



GS-III: Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.



GS-III: Land reforms in India.



GS-III: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy, and their effects on industrial growth.



GS-III: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.



GS-III: Investment models.



UPSC Mains Syllabus: General Studies Paper-4




GS-IV: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

GS-IV: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

GS-IV: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance, and compassion towards the weaker sections.

GS-IV: Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators; the role of family, society, and educational institutions in inculcating values.

GS-IV: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

GS-IV: Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.


GS-IV: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.



GS-IV: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.



GS-IV: Case Studies on the above issues.

Download IAS Syllabus 2022 PDFs in Hindi and English

Posted by:

Arpit Kumar JainMember since Jun 2017
Arpit is a Community Manager in BYJU's Exam Prep and always interested in a challenge.
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UPSC IAS Syllabus FAQs

Is 'Gradeup' and 'BYJU’S Exam Prep' the same? If yes, what does BYJU'S Exam Prep Offer?

  • Gradeup is now BYJU'S Exam Prep that offers the most comprehensive preparation for all exams. Get Monthly/Weekly Current Affairs, Daily GK Update, Online Courses, Latest Pattern Test Series and detailed Study Material from the top faculty at your fingertips. Want to learn more? Do not hesitate to contact our customer care here.

What are the subjects in IAS?

  • The IAS Exam subjects are mentioned in the UPSC CSE official syllabus 2022. The IAS Prelims Subjects include polity, economics, geography, environment, history, art & culture, general science, and more. Check the detailed IAS Syllabus here. 


What is the syllabus for the UPSC IAS exam?

  • The UPSC IAS exam syllabus includes the syllabus of Prelims and Mains Exam. The Prelims syllabus includes GS Syllabus and CSAT Syllabus. Check the detailed syllabus here. 


How many papers are in IAS?

  • IAS Exam has three stages. The first stage, IAS Prelims Exam has two papers.

    • General Studies Paper I
    • Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT ) Paper II

    The IAS Mains Exam has 7 papers

    1. Essay
    2. General Studies – I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)
    3. General Studies – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations
    4. General Studies– III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)
    5. General Studies – IV (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)
    6. Optional Subject – Paper I
    7. Optional Subject – Paper II

Is math compulsory for IAS?

  • No, Maths is not a compulsory subject of IAS. candidates just have to qualify the CSAT exam in the Prelims Exam.