Schedules of Indian Constitution

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : November 28th, 2022

Schedules of the Indian constitution are the tables that carry additional information that is not mentioned in the articles of the constitution. Initially, the Indian Constitution had 8 schedules, but later, after the amendments, the number was increased to 12, and at present, there are 12 schedules of the Indian Constitution. Go through the complete Indian Constitution Schedule List for a better understanding.

12 Schedules of Indian Constitution

Schedules of the Indian constitution are covered under the Polity Syllabus of the UPSC exam. They are essential because this topic can raise questions in the Prelims Paper.

Table of Content

Schedules in the Indian Constitution

Schedules of the Indian Constitution are used to simplify the provision of the act and make them easier to understand by segregating the legal aspect from the additional information.

  • Though these schedules are part of the Constitution, they are not kept in the constitution but are included as separate documents of great relevance.
  • The concept of the Indian Constitution Schedule List was added because our constitution is the longest. Certain extra information needed to be added to the articles, which would complicate the constitution's understanding. Therefore schedules were added so that any additional information concerning the article or part can be added in it that is not added in the articles of the constitution.
  • Rather than separating the information, if there were no such separation, the article itself would need to be updated every time additional information was added, or any amendment was made. It is not only the Indian Constitution that uses the schedule. There are many other laws for different purposes.
  • In addition to creating a list of union territories and states, it also establishes the list of subjects under the jurisdiction of the Union, the state, or both.
  • This makes it useful for various purposes that depend on the needs of legislation.
  • Additionally, schedules can be used when additional information or clarification is required for a certain section or legislation article.

Features of Schedules in the Constitution of India

Schedules in the Indian Constitution simplify the process of understanding and analyzing the Indian legislation for the reader.

  • It doesn't contain legal information but technical and administrative information that can be easily understood.
  • All the texts of the additional information added to the schedules of the Indian Constitution are of the correct size and length.
  • Due to their separate divisions, schedules make the process of amending the articles, adding or deleting any provisions, and making changes much easier.
  • All the schedules are mentioned in chronological order of the provisions.
  • Because of the schedules, it is possible to integrate the additional information into the articles' main text. For example, the salary of judges of the Supreme Court is defined in the second schedule and article 125.
  • Schedules can be represented using various methods like graphs, flowcharts numbers to present the information that would help ensure that information being conveyed is as clear as possible.

Indian Constitution Schedule List

There are a total of 12 schedules in the Indian Constitution. Follow the table below to understand the 12 schedules of the Indian Constitution and the provisions given in them.

  • Originally, there were 8 schedules in the constitution.
  • The 9th schedule was added after the first constitutional amendment in 1951.
  • Then in 1985, the 52nd amendment was bought in the 10th schedule in the constitution.
  • The 73rd constitutional amendment was made in 1992, which added the eleventh schedule to the constitution, and finally, with the 74th amendment in 1992, the 12th schedule was added to the constitution.

12 Schedule of Indian Constitution

12 Schedules

Articles of Indian Constitution

Brief Context to Schedule of Indian Constitution

1st Schedule

Article 1 and Article 4

Names and Territorial Jurisdiction of States & UTs.

2nd Schedule

Articles: 59(3), 65(3), 75(6), 97, 125, 148(3), 158(3), 164(5), 186 and 221

The emoluments, allowances, and privileges of all constitutional authorities are covered in Schedule 2.

3rd Schedule

Articles: 75(4), 99, 124(6), 148(2), 164(3), 188 and 219

Oath & affirmation of all constitutional posts are covered.

4th Schedule

Article: 4(1) and 80(2)

Rajya Sabha seat allocation

5th Schedule

Article 244(1)

Scheduled areas and scheduled tribes

6th Schedule

Article 244(2) and 275(1)

Tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.

7th Schedule

Article 246

Three legislative lists

8th Schedule

Article 344(1) and 351

22 official languages

9th Schedule

Article 31-B

1st Amendment Act added the 9th Schedule of Indian Constitution

10th Schedule

Article 102(2) and 191(2)

Disqualification of the members of State Legislatures & Parliament.

11th Schedule

Article 243-G

Panchayats - 73rd Amendment Act

12th Schedule

Article 243-W

Municipalities - 74th Amendment Act

First Schedule of Indian Constitution

Schedule 1 of the Indian Constitution deals with Article 1, which says that India shall be the union of states and territories of India. Shall specify the state and the territories thereof in the First Schedule.

  • Article 152 says unless the context otherwise requires the expression state (doesn't include the state of Jammu and Kashmir). This means that Jammu and Kashmir were part of India as it was the territory of India but not as a state.
  • , whenever any new state or UT is made or abolished, Schedule 1 is amended.
  • The first amendment in Schedule 1 was made in 1956 by the formation of Andhra Pradesh.

2nd Schedule of Indian Constitution

Schedule 2 deals with the constitutional authorities' emoluments, allowances, and privileges. These emoluments, allowances, and privileges are defined for the following:

  • President of India
  • Governors of States
  • Chairman and deputy chairman of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
  • Speaker of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
  • Comptroller and Auditor General of India
  • Judges of the Supreme Court
  • Judges of the High Court

3rd Schedule of Indian Constitution

Schedule 3 of the Indian Constitution defines all the forms of oath for all the constitutional authorities. The oath of Presidents, Governors, and Vice-Presidents aren't mentioned in the 3rd schedule.

  • There are two forms of oaths: An oath of true faith and allegiance and an Oath of secrecy.
  • The oath of secrecy is taken by the ministers that they will keep all matters related to national security secret unless it is required to discharge duties.
  • The 3rd Schedule has various types of oaths and affirmations for Union Ministers, State Ministers, CAG, Parliament Election Candidates, Members of Parliament, State Legislature Election Candidate, State Legislature Members, Judges of the Supreme Court, and Judges of High Courts.

4th Schedule of Indian Constitution

Schedule 4 deals with the seat allocation of the Rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha is indirectly elected in the states by proportional representation. This means the number of members in the Rajya Sabha will be directly proportional to the population in the state.

  • It defines the absolute number of members that the state sends to the Rajya Sabha.
  • Rajya Sabha has a total strength of 250 members, out of which 12 are chosen by the President of India, and the rest 238 represent the states.
  • Currently, Rajya Sabha has 245 members, of which 233 are the representatives of the states and 12 are appointed by the President of India.

5th Schedule of Indian Constitution

Schedule 5 of the Indian Constitution talks about the administration of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes, and all the areas special attention of the government due to the disturbed conditions.

  • This excludes Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Tripura.
  • Some areas within the state are administered by the federal government, where the tribals represent most of the population.
  • Several indigenous tribes are scheduled and identified in our constitution but are socio-economically backward.

6th Schedule of Indian Constitution

Schedule 6 deals with Assam, Mizoram, Tripura, and Meghalaya states.

  • The administration of people living in the above-mentioned four states is administered under the 6th Schedule.
  • Assam, Mizoram, Tripura, and Meghalaya are granted autonomous district councils under the sixth schedule to protect the rights of tribal people.
  • In the constitution of India, Articles 224(2) and 275(1) contain this provision.

7th Schedule of Indian Constitution

Schedule 7 is the foundation of federalism. It is called the division of legislative powers. As per the 7th Schedule of the Indian Constitution, the power of legislation is divided into 3 lists:

  • Union list: The union legislature makes the laws on subject matters of union and concurrent lists
  • State list: The state-list legislature can make the laws on the state and concurrent lists.
  • Concurrent list: Concurrent is common to both union and state legislatures.

8th Schedule of Indian Constitution

Schedule 8 deals with the languages recognized by the constitution. It is also covered in part XVII in article 343. There are 22 official languages observed by the constitution of India.

  • Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Bodo, Santhali, Maithili, and Dogri are the official languages of India.
  • There were only 14 languages earlier, but the Sindhi language was added after the 21st amendment in 1967.
  • Later, with the 71st amendment, Konkani, Nepali, and Manipuri languages were added to the list.
  • And finally, with the 92nd amendment, Bodo, Dogri, Santhali, and Maithili were added to the list in 2004.

9th Schedule of Indian Constitution

Schedule 9 of the Indian Constitution deals with land reforms and regulations. The central focus of Schedule 9 is to dismantle the zamindari system and implement land reforms and regulations. Furthermore, the act also includes the regulations and acts of parliament.

  • Among other things, it is intended to safeguard legislation covered in the 1st amendment act from judicial scrutiny based on infringements of fundamental rights.
  • As a result of the events of 24 April 1973, the supreme court ruled in 2007 that the statutes that are part of this timetable will now be reviewed by the courts

10th Schedule of Indian Constitution

In 1985 the 52nd Constitutional Amendment Act was introduced in anti-defection law to prevent dissidents from switching parties instead of gains in the parliamentary or state legislature elections, which led to the introduction of the 10th schedule.

With the further refinement of the 91st Constitutional Amendment Act 2003, it was made even more comprehensive.

11th Schedule of Indian Constitution

Schedule 11 deals with the rural self, rural local government, and Panchayati Raj institutions.

  • To fulfill their role as local governments, the Indian Constitution specifies the panchayat's responsibilities, powers, and authority.
  • This schedule was added to the 73rd amendment Act of 1992.
  • For panchayats to perform local government functions, state legislatures must enact laws that provide them with powers and authorities

12th Schedule of Indian Constitution

Schedule 12 of the Indian Constitution is related to the functions of municipalities.

  • As local government municipalities are required to abide by the provisions of Scheduled 12 of the Indian Constitution.
  • Schedule 12 was added by the 74th Amendment Act of 1992.
  • The powers and responsibilities of a municipality are defined in article 243, which would define its role as a self-governing Institution.

Schedules of Indian Constitution UPSC

Schedule of Indian constitution UPSC topic is part of Indian polity that is GS2 subject of UPSC Mains. It is a critical topic from the perspective of UPSC Prelims as there are many amendments in the schedules, and they can be asked directly in the Prelims exam.

Schedules of Indian Constitution UPSC Question:

Question: Which of the following schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection? [UPSC Prelims 2014]

  1. Second Schedule
  2. Fifth Schedule
  3. Eighth schedule
  4. Tenth Schedule

Answer: D

Question: Under which schedule of the Constitution of India can the transfer of tribal land to private parties for mining can be declared null and void? [UPSC Prelims 2019]

  1. 3rd schedule
  2. 5th schedule
  3. 9th schedule
  4. 12th schedule

Answer: B

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FAQs on Schedules of Indian Constitution

  • The constitution of India consists of 12 schedules added to the appendix by the Constitution's framers. These schedules are a list that tabulates the bureaucratic policies of the Indian government. Although the schedules are a part of the Constitution, they are maintained as separate documents.

    🠶 Read: Parts and Schedules of Indian constitution

  • Originally there were eight schedules in the Indian Constitution, but later, 4 more schedules were added after amendments.

  • The 7th schedule of the Indian constitution deals with the distribution of legislative powers in the country. It divides the power between the states and the union and defines their functions. Moreover, the 7th schedule consists of three lists - The union list, the State list, and the Concurrent list.

  • The 5th schedule of the Indian Constitution deals with provisions related to the administrative control of the scheduled tribes and areas. This schedule aims to hold the state accountable for the education and economic advancement of the tribals. Moreover, it attempts to provide them with social justice and protect them from exploitation.

  • The schedules are the constitutional list that tabulates and categorizes government policies and bureaucratic activities.

  • The first schedule of the Indian constitution contains the list of all the states and union territories and defines that India will be a union of states and territories.

  • The 8th schedule deals with the 22 official languages recognized by the Indian Constitution and the Republic of India. These languages are mentioned in the schedule, and they include the following - Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Kannada, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Manipuri, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Santhali, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.

    🠶 Read More: 8th Schedule of Indian Constitution

  • The 9th schedule of the Indian Constitution talks about the acts and regulations related to the land reforms and abolition of the zamindari system. This schedule aims to reduce the concentration of land in a few hands and create an egalitarian society. It was added to the Constitution after the first amendment Act of 1951 to end feudalism.

  • The 10th schedule consists of provisions related to the disqualification of the Parliament members and State Legislature on the ground of defection. It is termed as the anti-defection law that aims to keep the government stable by stopping legislators from switching sides too often. Simply put, this schedule prevents people from jumping from one party to another.

  • The 11th and 12th schedules talk about the powers, authority, and responsibilities of the Panchayats and Municipalities, respectively. The 11th schedule consisted of 29 matters and was added to the constitution after the 73rd Amendment Act of 1992. Furthermore, the 12th schedule consisted of 18 issues and was added after the 74th Amendment Act.

  • There are 12 schedules and 448 articles in the Indian Constitution. The schedule categorizes and tabulates the government's policies and bureaucratic activities. In contrast, an article in the constitution is a separate and distinct part of a written instrument like a statute or constitution and is divided into sections, parts, schedules, etc.

  • Schedules are tabulated forms formed to lessen the complications and separate the legal elements from the additional information by making them more precise.

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