Important Articles of Indian Constitution: PDF, Indian Constitution Articles

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Important Articles of Indian Constitution are the set rules and guidelines mentioned that give the provision for everything in it. At the time of framing the Constitution, there were only 395 Articles in 22 parts, but now it has increased to 448. Indian Constitution Articles are the soul of the Constitution, and it is very important for the paper on Indian Polity in the UPSC exam.

Candidates preparing for the upcoming UPSC exam must know about the Articles of Indian Constitution. Questions related to Indian Constitution Articles can be asked in the Prelims, Mains, and Interview rounds of the exam. As a result, we have provided you with the UPSC Polity Notes PDF on important Articles of Indian Constitution.

Articles of Indian Constitution

The Important Articles of Indian Constitution address various parts of the document, such as the statutory and constitutional bodies, the legislative and executive departments, schedules, sections, and fundamental rights, among other matters.

Articles are the guidelines given in the Constitution of India. There are currently 448 Articles of Indian Constitution. Following are some Articles of Indian Constitution:

Parts of Indian Constitution Important Articles of Indian Constitution
Part-I Article 124
Part-II Article 5 to Article 11
Part-III Article 12 to Article 35
Part-IV Article 36 to Article 51
Part-IV-A Article 51A
Part-V Article 51 to Article 151
Part-VI Article 152 to Article 237
Part-VIII Article 293 to Article 242
Part-IX Article 243 to Article 243O
Part-IX-A Article 243P to Article 243ZG
Part-IX-B Article 243ZH to Article 243ZT
Part-X Article 244 to Article 244A
Part-XI Article 245 to Article 263
Part-XII Article 264 to Article 300A
Part-XIII Article 301 to Article 307
Part-XIV Article 308 to Article 323
Part-XIV-A Article 323A to Article 323B
Part-XV Article 324 to Article 329A
Part-XVI Article 330 to Article 342
Part-XVII Article 343 to Article 351
Part-XVIII Article 352 to Article 360
Part-XIX Article 361 to Article 367
Part-XX Article 368
Part-XXI Article 369 to Article 392
Part-XXII Article 393 to Article 395

Important Articles of Indian Constitution PDF

To have a look at the type of questions being asked in UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains with respect to Indian Constitution Articles, the candidates should have proper UPSC Study Material as well as UPSC Previous Year Question Papers.

Important Articles of Indian Constitution PDF

Also, the aspirants should keep in touch with the Current Affairs related to the polity in the context of any amendments in the Articles of Indian Constitution. Candidates can download the UPSC Polity Notes PDF on Important Articles of Indian Constitution from the direct link given below.

All Articles of Indian Constitution – Parts and Description

The provisions of the Indian Constitution, which is the largest constitution, are categorized under the many heads listed below. The list of important Articles of Indian Constitution that are pertinent to the IAS Exam’s Indian Polity Syllabus is provided here. Below we have described the Articles of Indian Constitution:

Parts Indian Constitution Articles Description
Part-I Article 1 Union’s name and territory.
Article 2 Approval of and creation of the new State.
Article 3 Creation of new States and changes to the names and boundaries of existing ones.
Part-II Article 5 Citizenship at the time the constitution was adopted.
Article 6 Citizenship rights of a certain immigrant from Pakistan to India.
Article 10 Citizenship rights remain in effect.
Article 11 By legislation, Parliament too controls citizenship rights.
Part-III Article 12 The state’s definition.
Article 13 Loss that conflicts with or violates the fundamental right.
Article 14 to 18 Right to Equality
Article 19 to 22 Right to Freedom
Article 23 and Article 24 Right Against Exploitation
Article 25 to 28 Right to Freedom of Religion
Article 29 and Article 30 Cultural and Educational Right
Article 32 Right to Constitutional Remedies
Part-IV Article 36 Definition
Article 37 DPSP Application
Article 39A Free legal assistance and equal justice.
Article 40 Forming a village panchayat.
Article 41 Right to employment, education, and, in some circumstances, public assistance.
Article 43 Paying workers a living salary.
Article 43A Participation of employees in industry management.
Article 44 Standard Civil Code
Article 45 Offering youngsters a free, required education.
Article 46 Promotion of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, and other underprivileged groups’ economic and educational interests.
Article 47 It is the responsibility of the state to improve public health and raise the standard of living and nutrition.
Article 48 Organization of animal husbandry and agriculture.
Article 49 Preservation of historical sites, important natural areas, and natural things.
Article 50 Separation of the judiciary and executive branches.
Article 51 Advancement of global security and peace.
Part-IV-A Article 51A There were 10 fundamental obligations with the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976; one additional duty was later added with the 86th Amendment Act of 2002. There are a total of 11 essential obligations after that.
Part-V Article 52 President of India.
Article 53 Union executive authority.
Article 54 Electing a president.
Article 61 The steps involved in impeaching the president.
Article 63 Vice president of India.
Article 64 The vice president will serve as the Council of States’ official chairperson.
Article 66 Voting for the vice president.
Article 72 Pardoning Power of President.
Article 74 To assist and advise the president is the Council of Ministers.
Article 76 Attorney General of India.
Article 79 The constituents of parliament.
Article 80 Rationale of the Rajya Sabha.
Article 81 Rationale of the Lok Sabha
Article 83 Parliamentary houses’ tenure.
Article 93 The people’s house’s speakers and deputy speakers.
Article 105 The house of parliament’s authority, privileges, etc.
Article 109 Respect for cash notes and specific protocol.
Article 110 Definition of bills of exchange.
Article 112 Annual Fiscal Budget.
Article 114 Appropriations legislation.
Article 123 The President’s authority to issue ordinances during a parliamentary recess.
Article 124 Creation of Supreme Court of India.
Article 125 Judges’ salaries
Article 126 Selection of an interim Chief Justice.
Article 127 The selection of Ad Hoc judges
Article 128 Retired judge shows up to a supreme court session
Article 129 Court of record status for the Supreme Court
Article 130 Supreme court’s seat
Article 136 Special leaves for a supreme court appeal
Article 137 Review of rulings or directives by the high court
Article 141 All codes must follow the Supreme Court of India’s ruling
Article 148 India’s general auditor and comptroller
Article 149 Tasks and authority of the general auditor and comptroller
Part-VI Article 153 State Governors
Article 154 The governors’ executive authority
Article 161 Governor’s pardoning authority
Article 165 State’s General Attorney
Article 213 The Governor’s authority to issue ordinances
Article 214 State’s High Courts
Article 215 A court of record for High Courts
Article 226 High Courts’ authority to issue specific writs
Article 233 District judges are chosen
Article 235 Authority over lower courts
Part-VII Article 238 In Part B of the First Schedule, it is also referred to as the States
Part-VIII Article 239 to Article 242 Union Territories of India
Part-IX Article 243 to Article 243 Panchayats
Part-IX-A Article 243P to Article 243ZG Municipalities
Part-X Article 244 Tribal and Scheduled Areas
Part-XI Article 245 to Article 263 Center State Relations
Part-XII Article 264 to Article 300A Finance, Real Estate, Contracts, and Lawsuits

Schedules and Articles of Indian Constitution

The Articles of Indian Constitution contains 12 Schedules. The Government of India Act 1935, which comprised 10 Schedules, provided one of the earliest references to Schedules. The important Articles of Indian Constitution later had 8 Schedules when it was enacted in 1949.

There are now a total of 12 Schedules according to the Indian Constitution’s changes. The list of Schedules and Articles of Indian Constitution are as follows:

Schedules of Indian Constitution Important Articles of Indian Constitution
First Schedule Article 1 and Article 4
Second Schedule Articles: 59, 65, 75, 97, 125, 148, 158, 164, 186, 221
Third Schedule Articles: 75, 84, 99, 124, 146, 173, 188, 219
Fourth Schedule Article 4 and Article 80
Fifth Schedule Article 244
Sixth Schedule Article 244 and Article 275
Seventh Schedule Article 246
Eighth Schedule Article 344 and Article 351
Ninth Schedule Article 31B
Tenth Schedule Article 102 and Article 191
Eleventh Schedule Article 243G
Twelfth Schedule Article 243W

Important Articles of Indian Constitution UPSC

Indian Constitution Articles are a very important portion of Indian Polity that all UPSC aspirants have to keep in mind. In order to understand the basics of Indian polity, the aspirants can refer to the NCERT Books for UPSC, and later for preparing an advanced version for the exam, they can refer to the Indian Polity Books for UPSC. It is important to learn all Important Articles of Indian Constitution by heart to sit for the UPSC Exam.

Important Articles of Indian Constitution Questions

A few of the sample questions that are being asked from important Articles of Indian Constitution in the UPSC Prelims exam are as under:

Question: Through which Amendment Act Delhi was designated as the national capital territory?

  1. 69th Constitutional Amendment Act,
  2. 63rd Constitution Amendment Act,
  3. 86th Constitutional Amendment Act,
  4. 52nd Constitution Amendment Act

Answer: 69th Constitutional Amendment Act

Question: Which one of the following articles of the Indian Constitution provides that it shall be the duty of the union to protect every state against external aggression and internal disturbance?

  1. Article 215,
  2. Article 275,
  3. Article 325,
  4. Article 355

Answer: Article 355

Question: The instrument of instructions contained in the Government of India Act 1935 have been cooperated in the constitution of India in the year 1950 as;

  1. Fundamental rights,
  2. Directive Principles of State Policy,
  3. The extent of executive power of the state,
  4. Conduct of business of the Government of India

Answer: Directive Principles of State Policy

UPSC Notes
Article 164 Article 21 of Indian Constitution
Article 28 of the Indian Constitution Article 370
Article 311 of Indian Constitution Finance Bill and Article 117
Article 356 Article 371
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