What are 11th and 12th Schedules?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

11th and 12th Schedules: The 11th Schedule outlines the provisions pertaining to Panchayats’ powers, authority, and responsibilities. The 12th Schedule contains provisions defining Municipalities’ powers, authority, and responsibilities. The 73rd Amendment Act of 1992 added the 11th schedule, which covered a total of 29 issues. The 74th Amendment Act of 1992 added a 12th schedule with a total of 18 matters.

11th and 12th Schedules of the Indian Constitution

The Panchayats and their functions and powers are addressed in the Constitution’s 11th Schedule. The schedule outlines 29 issues over which the Panchayats have authority. These issues include:

11th Schedule Matters
Agriculture, including agricultural extension Land improvement, implementation of land reforms, land consolidation, and soil conservation
Minor irrigation, water management, and watershed development Animal husbandry, dairying, and poultry
Fisheries Social forestry and farm forestry
Minor forest produces Small-scale industries, including food processing industries
Rural Housing Khadi, village, and cottage industries
Drinking water Fuel and fodder
Roads, culverts, bridges, ferries, waterways, and other means of communication Rural electrification, including the distribution of electricity
Non-conventional energy sources Poverty alleviation program
Education, including primary and secondary schools Technical training and vocational education
Adult and non-formal education Libraries
Cultural activities Markets and fairs
Health and sanitation, including hospitals and dispensaries Family welfare
Women and child development Social welfare, including the welfare of the handicapped and mentally retarded
Maintenance of community assets Public distribution system
The welfare of the weaker sections, particularly of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes

12th Schedules of the Indian Constitution

The functions and powers of municipalities are addressed in the Constitution’s 12th Schedule. This schedule addresses 18 issues that fall under the purview of municipalities. These are the areas in which they have authority. These are some examples:

12th Schedule Matters
Urban planning Regulation of land use and construction of buildings
Planning for economic and social development Roads and bridges
Water supply for domestic, industrial, and commercial purposes Public health, sanitation conservancy, and solid waste management
Fire services Urban forestry, protection of the environment, and promotion of ecological aspects
Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped and mentally retarded Slum improvement and upgradation
Urban poverty alleviation Provision of urban amenities and facilities
Promotion of cultural, educational, and aesthetic aspects Burials and burial grounds cremations, cremation grounds, and electric crematoriums
Cattle pounds prevention of cruelty to animals Vital statistics include registration of births and deaths
Public amenities like street lighting, bus stops, parking lots, etc. Regulation of slaughterhouses and tanneries

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