MP Special: Geography Part 1-Climate

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

Climate of Madhya Pradesh

  • Climate is a generalized form of weather. Climate the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period.
  • P. has monsoon type of climate.
  • Climate changes due to change in Sun’s position and change in temperature and pressure.
  • Sun on 21st March and 23rd September, is overhead the euqaotr and it shines perpendicular on the equator and in this condition day-night are equal.
  • Sun shines perpendicular on 21stJune on Tropic of Cancer. During this period temperature in northern hemisphere goes high.
  • Most of the rains occur through south-west monsoon.
  • Rewa-Panna plateau receives rains through south-east monsoon too.
  • M.P receives most of the rain from mid june to September.
  • Pachmarhi reveives highest rainfall that is 199 cm.
  • Bhind receives lowest rainfall i.e. 55 cm.
  • Average rainfall in M.P. is 112 cm.
  • In eastern part rainfall average is 140 cm, while western part receives on average 75 cm. rainfall.
  • From 23rd September Sun starts moving southwards i.e. sun rises towards southern hemisphere resulting temperature increases.
  • On 22nd December sun is over tropic of Capricorn. It increases temperature on Southern hemisphere and temperature on northern hemisphere is slashed resulting in increase in amount of hot and cold.
  • M.P’s observatory that collects climate data is in Indore.
  • Tropic of cancer passes through middle of the state.
  • In M.P.’s Vindhya region rainfall is received from both Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal branch of
  • Highest temperature has been recorded in Ganjbasoda which is 48.70
  • Although Barwani had felt even more temperature (490c).
  • Although Barwani had felt even more temperature (490c) but officially Ganjbasoda is of highest temperature.
  • M.P’s average temperature has been recorded as 210C.
  • Lowest temperature has been recorded in Shivpuri.
  • Drought mostly occurs in winter season.
  • For making M.P.’s climate tropical, the Tropic of Cancer is responsible which passes through the middle of the state while the rains received through south-west monsoon makes it a monsoon type climate.

 Based on climate, Madhya Pradesh has been divided into four parts

  1. Northern Plain- It includes Bundelkhand, Central India, Rewa-Panna plaeau. Due to being away from the sea, it is hotter in the summer and cold in the winter.
  2. Malwa-Plateau– It has even climate. Neither too hot in the summer nor too cold in the winter
  3. Hilly Tract of Vindhya- This region does not have extreme cold of hot and the climate round the year is even. It includes Amarkantak, Pachmarhi etc.
  4. Narmada Valley- Monsoon type climate prevails here. Hotter in the summer and normal cold in the winter. Tropic of cancer passes nearby it.

For article on important cultural institutions of Madhya Pradesh, Click here.

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