PPSC Syllabus 2022: Download Subject Wise Syllabus PDF Prelims and Mains

PPSC Syllabus 2022: Download Subject Wise Syllabus PDF Prelims and Mains

BySATISH KUMAR GUPTA  |  Updated on: May 20, 2021
Punjab State Civil Services Examination 2021 is conducted by  Punjab Public Service Commission to recruit Class I and II Officers. All graduates irrespective of the stream may apply for the exam. Check all the important exam details such as the PPSC notification, syllabus, exam pattern, vacancy details, eligibility criteria, application form details and much more. 

Punjab Civil Services Syllabus 2021, Download PDF

The Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC) is the state government body that conducts the qualifying exams to recruit the most eligible candidates for various posts in the public service sector.  The PPSC Syllabus 2021 gives in detail the syllabus that needs to be studied by the candidates in order to fare well in the Prelims as well as the Mains. Below you will find all details associated with Punjab Civil Services Syllabus 2021. Knowing the syllabus in detail will help you cover all corners of the syllabus efficiently.

The PPSC exam 2021 are mainly conducted in two stages - the PPSC Prelims and the PPSC Mains. The PPSC Prelims are qualifying in nature, and the PPSC Mains are the final exams that help to shortlist the candidates who will be called for the interview rounds. Before applying for these posts, the candidates are advised to check the eligibility

PPSC Syllabus 2021, Download PDF Here

PPSC Exam Pattern 2021

The PPSC Exam Pattern includes three stages, Prelims, Mains and Interview. The PPSC Prelims exams are the first stage of recruitment for the process of selection. These exams are qualifying in nature. Candidates must and should score well in the prelims in order to be able to take up the mains. The PPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2021 is as tabulated below: 

PPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2021


No. of Questions

Marks allotted for each Question

Total Marks

General Studies (Paper 1)




Civil Services Aptitude Test(CSAT) ((paper 2)




PPSC Mains Exam Pattern 2021

The PPSC Mains 2021 is the last written exam in the recruitment process for the PPSC. Unlike the prelims, the mains have seven papers with an elaborate syllabus. The PPSC Mains Exam Pattern 2021 is as given below:

Paper No

Name Of The Subject

Maximum Marks

Paper 1


100 marks

Paper 2

Punjabi (to be answered only in Gurmukhi Script)

100 marks

Paper 3

Essay writing

100 marks

Paper 4

General Studies Paper 1

100 marks

Paper 5

General Studies Paper 2

100 marks

Paper 6

Non-mandatory Subject 1 – Paper 1

100 marks

Paper 7

Non-mandatory Subject 1 – Paper 2

100 marks

Paper 8

Non-mandatory Subject 2, Paper 1

100 marks

Paper 9

Non-mandatory Subject 2, Paper 2

100 marks

Also, check PPSC Question Papers

PPSC Punjab PCS Prelims Syllabus 2021

The PPSC Subject-wise syllabus for the prelims are as mentioned below: 

PPSC Prelims General Studies Syllabus

  • Study-related to the environment.
  • Governance and bureaucracy.
  • Economics and financial studies.
  • Geography of India, and of other countries
  • Sports and IT sector.
  • Indian polity and administration.
  • General topics, basic information about science concepts
  • Indian history
  • Everyday Science
  • Political Theory & International Order
  • History of India
  • Indian Economy
  • Punjab: Geography, People, Society and Culture, History, and Economy
  • Current events of national and international importance

PPSC Prelims CSAT Syllabus

  • Data interpretation.
  • General reasoning
  • Problems on heights and measurements.
  • Numerical problems.
  • Statistics and related problems.
  • Reading comprehension
  • Punjabi and English language comprehension
  • Antonyms and synonyms
  • Grammar and sentence formation
  • Graphic presentations, charts, tables, spreadsheets
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning, analytical and mental ability
  • Basic numerical skills; numbers, magnitudes, percentages, numerical relation appreciation
  • Data analysis

Detailed PPSC Prelims Syllabus 2021- Topic wise

Punjab PCS Prelims Syllabus Paper I: (General Studies)

1. Everyday Science

States of Matter

  • Versatile nature of Carbon, Structure of Matter, Acids, Bases, Salts, Action of Soaps, Corrosion in metals

Life on Earth

  • Marine and terrestrial life, Evolution, Human body and life process, Disease-its causes and prevention, infectious diseases and lifestyle diseases, Nutrition

Public Health Initiatives

  • Mother and Child Health, HIV, AIDS, TB, Polio, etc, Immunization and Vaccination


  • Archimedes principle, Law of motion and gravitation


  • Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy


  • Reflection and Refraction- the concepts and Application


  • Propagation and reflection, key concepts and their application

Electric Current

  • key concepts and their Applications

Computer and Telecommunications

  • key concepts and their Application


2.    Environmental Studies


  • The Structure and Composition, the atmospheric circulations  & weather system, Water cycle etc

Solar System

  • The Heat Balance and temperature impacts

Climate change

  • Greenhouse gases, fossil fuels, clean development mechanism, renewable energy, carbon credits etc


  •  Glaciers, Lakes, Rivers, Oceans, Groundwater etc., Biodiversity & Conservation


  • Soil Types, food chain, Crops etc. Pollution, toxicity etc


3.    Political theory & international order

Basic concepts

  • Citizenship, Rights & duties, Freedom, Equality, Nationalism, Social justice, Secularism etc

International Organisations

  • United Nations and its organs/agencies, World Bank, IMF, WTO, EU, G20, BRICS etc. and their role in the World peace, trade & development


4.    Indian polity

Basic features

  • Provisions, key amendments, Schedules of the Indian Constitution

Panchayati Raj



Electoral reforms. Rise of regionalism and coalition politics, People’s Representation Act.


5.    History of India

Indus valley civilization, Vedic Age and the Aryan, Maurya Gupta periods, Jainism and Buddhism,  Advent of Mughal emperors, and the Sultanate period - the political, social, and cultural aspects. The Mughals (political, social & cultural till Aurangzeb), Bhakti Movement, Coming of the European Powers, and the advent of the British rule, the Mutiny of 1857, British rule, the Indian National Movement (1857-1947).

6.    World History

Renaissance, the Industrial Revolution in Europe, the American Revolution of 1776, the French Revolution of 1789, the Russian Revolution of 1917, World Wars I & II.


7.     Indian Economy

Indian economic development (1950-1991)

  • Key economic policies, public sector dominance, bank nationalisation etc.

Five-year plans

  • Key goals and main achievements

Liberalisation, privatization and globalisation era since 1991

  • Key policies, decisions and results

Performance of Indian economy since 1991

  • Growth, Trade, Fiscal & revenue deficits, Commerce & balance of payments, Inflation, Growth of the service sector

Key challenges and responses

  • Agriculture and food security, Industrialisation, Poverty alleviation & employment, Rural & urban infrastructure, Social sector – Health, Education etc.


8.    Geography


  • Distribution, Density, Growth and Comparison. Migration – types, causes and consequences

Human development

  • Human settlements. Land resources and agriculture
  • Mineral and energy resources, Water resources, Manufacturing industries. Planning and Sustainable Development in India. Transport and Communication. International trade. A geographical perspective on selected issues and problems.

9.      Current events of national and international importance


10. Punjab


  • Lodhis and Mughals, Sufis, Saints and gurus, Sikh rulers, British period, Punjab in independent India, Nationalist movement in Punjab


  • Geographical and Agro-climatic regions, Rivers, Water resources- sharing of waters
  • Demographics, Human Development Indices


  • Agriculture, animal husbandry, industrial & service sectors, major occupations, development & economic growth, public finance (including central-state fiscal issues), public sector institutions, cooperatives etc.

Society and Culture

  • Major personalities in the history of Punjab, religious movements, major religions & spiritual personalities, Punjabi literature, folklore, performing arts, fine arts and crafts

Punjab PCS Syllabus Paper-II: Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT)

Reading comprehension

Punjabi and English language comprehension, antonyms and synonyms, grammar and sentence formation

Interpersonal skills

communication skills are also included

Logical reasoning

Analytical and mental ability

Basic numerical skills

Numbers, magnitudes, percentages, numerical relation appreciation

Data analysis

Graphic presentations, charts, tables, spreadsheets

PPSC Punjab PCS Mains Syllabus 2021 

The PPSC Subject-Wise Syllabus for the Mains are as mentioned below: 

PPSC Mains Syllabus Paper 1: General English language

  • Vocabulary and grammar
  • Phrase corrections
  • Verbs, idioms, and tenses
  • Sentence completion
  • Precise writing
  • Paragraph writing

PPSC Mains Syllabus Paper 2: General Punjabi language

  • Essay writing
  • Letter writing
  • Grammatical concepts
  • Language quotes and explanations
  • Paragraph and précis writing
  • Descriptive writing

PPSC Mains Syllabus Paper 3: General Essay

This section asks the candidates to write essays on several topics. However, here the candidates can select from various topics asked in the exam. But under no circumstances the word limit should exceed what is given in the paper. 

PPSC Mains Syllabus Paper 4: General Aptitude 1

History, Geography, and Society

  • Section- 1: History - History of the world, Modern Indian history from the middle of the eighteenth century until the present, Indian culture, Socio-religious reform movements with special reference to Punjab, The Freedom Struggle, Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country History of Punjab, Annexation of Punjab with special reference to the causes and consequences of the Anglo-Sikh wars.
  • Section-2: Geography - Physical Geography: Salient features of the world’s physical Geography, Important Geophysical phenomena, Geography of Punjab: Location and agriculture
  • Section-3: Society - Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India, Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies, effects of globalization on Indian society, Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism, Ethics and Society, Human Values, Vulnerable sections of the population - Welfare schemes by the Centre and the State of Punjab and their performance; Mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for their protection and betterment, Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector- Health, Education, Human Resources; Issues relating to Poverty and Malnutrition. 

PPSC Mains Syllabus Paper 5: General Aptitude II

Indian Constitution &, Governance Polity And International Relations

  • Section-1: Indian Constitution & Polity - Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, amendments, evolution, features, significant provisions and basic structure, Functions and responsibilities of Union and the States, Separation of powers between various organs, Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries, Parliament and State Legislatures, Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary, Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act, Appointment to various Constitutional posts; District Administration 
  • Section-2 Governance - Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies, Government policies and interventions for development, Important aspects of governance, e-governance- applications, models, successes, Values, and Ethics in Governance, Probity in Governance
  • Section-3: International Relations - India and its neighbourhood - relations; Bilateral, regional and global groupings, and agreements, Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests; important international institutions, agencies, and fora- their structure and mandate.

PPSC Mains Syllabus Paper 6: General Aptitude III

Statistics, Economy and Security Issues

  • Section-1: Indian Economy - Issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, etc., major crops and cropping patterns in various parts of the country, public distribution system, food processing, and related industries in India, land reforms in India; effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. 

Infrastructure- energy, ports, roads, airports, railways, etc.; investment models, human resource development, Punjab economy

  • Section-2: Statistical analysis, graphs, and diagrams
  • Section-3: Issues related to Security - Linkages between development and spread of extremism, Role of external, State and non-State actors in creating challenges, Basics of cybersecurity; money-laundering and its prevention; Security challenges and their management in border areas, Various Security forces, and agencies and their mandate

PPSC Mains Syllabus Paper 7: General Aptitude IV

Science & Technology, Environment, Problem-Solving & Decision Making

  • Section-1: Science and Technology - Science and Technology, Modern Trends in Life Sciences
  • Section-2: Environment - Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, Water management- Issues in India, Definition, nature, types, and classification of disasters, Natural Hazards 
  • Section-3: Situations in Civil Service -Problem Solving and Decision Making

Check Best Books for PPSC Exam 2021 along with expert-curated study material

PPSC Punjab Civil Services Interview Test

Candidates who have qualified in the prelims and scored well in the mains are called for the interview. The scores obtained in the interview are combined with the mains exam to give the final merit list. A candidate who scored less than 45% of the maximum marks will not be called for the interview. An extra 5% relaxation is given to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes’ category candidates, but it also includes a minimum of 25% marks in every paper. 

PPSC Syllabus FAQs

  • The PPSC Prelims Syllabus 2021, as well as the PPSC Mains Syllabus 2021, can be found on the Punjab Public Service Commission’s official website and also on BYJU'S Exam Prep’s website and app for your reference.

  • Although candidates must take up the exams in English/Punjabi, the syllabus is available in Hindi. 

  • The Punjab Public Service Commission is the authority that decides the syllabus for both the prelims and the mains. 

  • Knowing the PPSC Syllabus 2021 will help candidates to plan their preparation and perform well in the exams.

Other State PSC

Related ExamsView All