CBI Full Form: Know All About CBI Here!

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

CBI Full Form: Central Bureau of Investigation, better known as CBI, is the premier investigative agency of the government of India that mainly deals with cases like white-collar crimes, economic offences, corruption, cases of bribery, murder, rape, kidnapping, terrorism, etc. Earlier, it used to function under the Ministry of Home Affairs, but later, it was transferred to the Ministry of Personnel.

Overview & History of CBI

The full form of CBI is the Central Bureau of Investigation. It came into existence on April 1, 1963, during the Second World War to probe cases of bribery and corruption in transactions with the War and Supply Department of India. Earlier, it was named as Special Police Establishment (SPE) and had its headquarters in Lahore, however, after the end of the war, it was brought under the purview of the Home Department under the 1946 Delhi Special Police Establishment Act.

The DSPE’s scope was enlarged to cover all the central government departments and had the power to weed out corruption at all costs. The DSPE acquired its popular current name, CBI, in 1963 by then Home Minister of India, D.P. Kohli.

Structure of CBI

Till 2014, the DSPE Act, 1946 was used to be followed to appoint the CBI Director. However, things turned around when the Lokpal Act 2014 was implemented. As per the act, the CBI Director will be appointed by the committee which includes:

  •   Headed by Prime Minister
  •   Other members – Leader of Opposition/ Chief Justice of India/ Supreme Court Judge

Functions Of CBI

  •   The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is responsible to identify, investigating, disrupt and arresting those with terrorist intentions.
  •   It provides leadership and criminal justice services to other departments.
  •   It protects the nation against foreign intelligence, espionage, and cyber operations.
  •   It combats public corruption at all levels.
  •   Provides assistance to other departments in resolving unsolved cases.
  •   The CBI is at the forefront of protecting the nation and its citizens against cyber-based attacks and high-technology crimes.
  •   It also investigates prominent crimes, such as cases of murder, rape, and kidnapping.

CBI Further Divisions

At present, the CBI has seven divisions, which are:

  •   Anti-Corruption Division
  •   Economic Offences Division
  •   Special Crimes Division
  •   Directorate of Prosecution
  •   Administration Division
  •   Policy & Coordination Division
  •   Central Forensic Science Laboratory

How To Become A CBI Officer

There are two different ways to become a CBI agent, one is by clearing the UPSC exam and the other is by clearing the SSC CGL exam.

To become a Group-A officer in CBI, candidates have to clear the UPSC exam with a higher rank. Civil Services Examination comprises of 3 stages- Computer Based Test, Descriptive Paper and Interview. Candidates who will clear all the rounds will be eligible to become CBI Officers.

To become a Sub-Inspector in CBI, candidates need to appear for the SSC CGL examination. It will comprise of two levels of computer-based exams, a pen and paper-based descriptive exam and the final round will be to test your computer or data entry skills.

Eligibility Criteria To Become A CBI Officer

The candidates willing to join CBI must fulfil the below-mentioned criteria before they apply for the competitive exam:

  •    The candidate should have attained the age of 21 years and must not be more than the age of 30 years.
  •    The candidate must have completed his bachelor’s from a recognized University or equivalent.
  •    The candidate should be a citizen of India.

Salary Of A CBI Officer

Along with various perks and allowances, Government offers a lucrative salary package to a CBI officer. The starting salary of a CBI Officer lies between Rs. 54680-62664 which gradually increases over the period of time.

It is important to know about the various modes of transacting money. If you are preparing for a banking exam, it is important to know the full forms of words like RTGS, along with other relevant details about it.

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