ATM Full Form: Know All About ATM Here!

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

ATM Full Form: ATM stands for Automated Teller Machine. The ATM is a machine that allows financial transactions from a specific bank account. They are present all around the country for making efficient withdrawals and other transactions. This machine is highly efficient and user-friendly.

One can either withdraw or deposit money based on their needs. ATMs were set up in India by foreign banks to tackle the issue around weak bank branch networks. ATMs, since then, have evolved significantly. In this article, along with learning the full form of ATM, you will learn a little about its history and methodology.

History of ATM Machines

Now that you know the full form of ATM let us travel back in time and go through its history. In India, ATMs were set up only years after the first ATM.

The First-Ever ATM

ATM Machines have been around for some time now. It was invented in 1960 by the American inventor Luther George Simjian. The ATM machine was then called the Bankograph as it allowed people to deposit cash and cheques.  However, the first ATM Machine in the world was set up in 1967 at Enfield, London. This was by Barclays Bank.

India’s First-Ever ATM

The first ATM machine in India was set up in the year 1987 in Andheri East, Mumbai. The very famous HSBC bank established it. In India, the first ATM was designed by the Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology. Following the first ATM, around 1500 ATMs were set up across India. The Swadhan, the first network of shared ATMs, was set up in 1997. The India Switch Company managed this network. If the bank did not own the ATM, there was a fee that users had to pay to withdraw money using the card. However, the Swadhan collapsed, and a network was created by a few banks together called CashTree. Similarly, other banks formed similar networks. This system got a bit chaotic, following which, India made a switch called the National Financial Switch, connecting all the ATMs across the country to form a single network.

The Working Of An ATM

For making an ATM work, one has to insert a specific card that their bank provides. Certain ATM machines allow cards to be swiped while the rest allow cards to be inserted. Every ATM machine provides instructions, making it user-friendly. These cards contain your information, including your account details and other security information in the form of a magnetic strip. Once you insert the card, you will have to type in the mentioned 4-digit unique PIN. After entering the correct PIN, the ATM will perform the necessary financial transactions successfully.

ATMs have made our lives much more manageable. It allows faster and more efficient cash withdrawals. Like this article, we have others to educate you about different valuable terms.

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